Kohila (formerly also Kapa-Kohila, German: Koil, Kappakoil) is a borough (Estonian: alev) in Rapla County, northern Estonia. It is the administrative center of Kohila Parish. Kohila has a population of 3,505 (as of 1 January 2006).
Kohila has a station on Edelaraudtee's westward line.
The former name of the borough "Kapa-Kohila" is used as a synonym for "Middle of Nowhere" or to name any random place in Estonia.
Kohila manor (German: Koil) dates back to at least 1438. During its long history, the estate has belonged to various Baltic German families, including the Wrangel family, who owned it for more than 200 years. The present-day building originally dates from the early 19th century, but was heavily rebuilt after being burnt by rioters during the Revolution of 1905. Fourteen of the rioters were shot to death by Russian troops, and the lord of the manor, shaken by the events, shortly afterwards decided to sell the estate to a paper pulp factory.
Kohila is the location of Kohila plywood mill, operated by Kohila Vineer OÜ, a subsidiary of Latvijas Finieris.
- Theodor Altermann (1885–1915), actor, theatre director and producer
- Vaiko Eplik (born 1981), singer and composer
- Indrek Hirv (born 1956), poet and artist
- Enar Jääger (born 1984), footballer
- Enver Jääger (born 1982), footballer
- Rait-Riivo Laane (born 1993), basketball player
- Birgit Õigemeel (born 1988), singer
- Kristjan Rahnu (born 1979), decathlete
- Kadi Toom (born 1982), singer
- Kohila Parish (Estonian)
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