Kohistan District, Pakistan

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Kohistan District
Location of the former Kohistan District (highlighted in red) in Pakistan
Location of the former Kohistan District (highlighted in red) in Pakistan
Coordinates: 35°15′N 73°30′E / 35.250°N 73.500°E / 35.250; 73.500Coordinates: 35°15′N 73°30′E / 35.250°N 73.500°E / 35.250; 73.500
ProvinceKhyber Pakhtunkhwa
Established1 October 1976-2014
 • Total7,492 km2 (2,893 sq mi)
 • Total784,711
 • Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)

Kohistan (Urdu: کوہستان; "Land of Mountains"), also called Indus Kohistan,[2][3] was an administrative district within the Hazara region of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in Pakistan that was bifurcated into Upper Kohistan and Lower Kohistan in 2014, and Kolai-Palas in 2017.[4][5] It covered an area of 7,492 square kilometres (2,893 sq mi) and had a population of 472,570 at the 1998 Census.[6] Geographically, Kohistan stretched from the border with Gilgit-Baltistan in the north, in the east by Mansehra District, in the south by Battagram District, and on the west by Shangla and Swat districts.[7]


The District lied between 34° 54′ and 35° 52′ north latitudes and 72° 43′ and 73° 57′ east longitudes.[7] It was bounded on the north by the Diamer District of Gilgit-Baltistan, on the southeast by Manshera District, while it shared its borders with Kaghan Valley of the Mansehra District in the east, on the south by Battagram District and on the west by Shangla and Swat Districts.[7]

Kohistan is noted for its dramatic mountain scenery.

Kohistan is where the Hindukush, Karakorum and Himalayan Mountain systems meet and serve as a natural boundary for environmental regions in the chains of the Himalayas, Karakoram and Hindu Kush mountains.[7] This uniqueness of the mountains system also results in rich flora and fauna and therefore gives home to unique species such as the western tragopan pheasant and the snow leopard.[7]


The literacy rate of the District among the population aged 10 years and above is 11.1%: male 17.23% and female 2.95%. The proportion of working or employed population to population aged 10 years and above is 26.47% which is 70.53% of the total labor force. Out of the total employed population, 71.60% are self-employed, 10.68% work as employees, and 17.32% are unpaid family helper.

Kohistan's literacy rate is amongst the lowest in Pakistan and hovers around 20%.[8] It has the lowest Human Development Index of all districts in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "DISTRICT WISE CENSUS RESULTS CENSUS 2017" (PDF). www.pbscensus.gov.pk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 August 2017.
  2. ^ Frembgen, Jürgen Wasim (1999). "Indus Kohistan An Historical and Ethnographie Outline". Central Asiatic Journal. 43 (1): 70–98. ISSN 0008-9192. JSTOR 41928174.
  3. ^ Karandashev, Victor (24 December 2016). Romantic Love in Cultural Contexts. Springer. p. 189. ISBN 978-3-319-42683-9.
  4. ^ Report, Bureau (16 January 2014). "KP govt creates new Kohistan district". DAWN.COM.
  5. ^ "Kolai-Palas notified as new district". www.thenews.com.pk. 26 August 2017.
  6. ^ "Brochure of District Kohistan NWFP" (PDF). 1998.
  7. ^ a b c d e Kanga, Shruti; Singh, Suraj Kumar; Meraj, Gowhar; Farooq, Majid (15 February 2022). Geospatial Modeling for Environmental Management: Case Studies from South Asia. CRC Press. p. 287. ISBN 978-1-000-53920-2.
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 November 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)