Kohlschütter (crater)

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Kohlschütter crater AS13-62-8915.jpg
Oblique Apollo 13 image, facing east
Coordinates14°14′N 153°57′E / 14.24°N 153.95°E / 14.24; 153.95Coordinates: 14°14′N 153°57′E / 14.24°N 153.95°E / 14.24; 153.95
Diameter56 km
Colongitude206° at sunrise
EponymArnold Kohlschütter
Oblique Apollo 16 image, facing north
Oblique Apollo 16 image at low sun angle, which reveals the detail of the surface features within the crater. The light color at right is the base of the east wall of the crater and the dark field at left is shadow of west crater wall. The central peak is visible as well as part of a wrinkle ridge (dorsum) between the peak and rim.

Kohlschütter is a lunar impact crater that cannot be viewed directly from the Earth as it lies on the Moon's far side. It is located a couple of hundred kilometers to the southeast of the Mare Moscoviense, and due south of the smaller crater Nagaoka. It is a relatively isolated formation surrounded by a multitude of smaller impacts typical of the battered far side.

The outer rim of Kohlschütter is worn and eroded, with a small crater across the northwest side, and smaller impacts along the west and northeastern edge. The southern rim is more shallow than elsewhere. The interior floor is relatively level, and unlike most far-side craters, it is filled with mare material.[1]

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Kohlschütter.

Kohlschütter Coordinates Diameter, km
N 11°23′N 153°31′E / 11.39°N 153.51°E / 11.39; 153.51 (Kohlschütter N) 25.0
Q 12°55′N 152°45′E / 12.91°N 152.75°E / 12.91; 152.75 (Kohlschütter Q) 18.3
V 15°25′N 151°37′E / 15.41°N 151.61°E / 15.41; 151.61 (Kohlschütter V) 19.0
W 16°09′N 151°01′E / 16.15°N 151.02°E / 16.15; 151.02 (Kohlschütter W) 31.2
Kohlschütter V. Note that the west wall and floor are illuminated by reflected light from the east wall in this image from Apollo 16.


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