Kohlschütter (crater)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kohlschütter
Kohlschütter crater AS13-62-8915.jpg
Oblique Apollo 13 image, facing east
Coordinates 14°14′N 153°57′E / 14.24°N 153.95°E / 14.24; 153.95Coordinates: 14°14′N 153°57′E / 14.24°N 153.95°E / 14.24; 153.95
Diameter 56 km
Depth Unknown
Colongitude 206° at sunrise
Eponym Arnold Kohlschütter
Oblique Apollo 16 image, facing north
Oblique Apollo 16 image at low sun angle, which reveals the detail of the surface features within the crater. The light color at right is the base of the east wall of the crater and the dark field at left is shadow of west crater wall. The central peak is visible as well as part of a wrinkle ridge (dorsum) between the peak and rim.

Kohlschütter is a lunar impact crater that cannot be viewed directly from the Earth as it lies on the Moon's far side. It is located a couple of hundred kilometers to the southeast of the Mare Moscoviense, and due south of the smaller crater Nagaoka. It is a relatively isolated formation surrounded by a multitude of smaller impacts typical of the battered far side.

The outer rim of Kohlschütter is worn and eroded, with a small crater across the northwest side, and smaller impacts along the west and northeastern edge. The southern rim is more shallow than elsewhere. The interior floor is relatively level, and unlike most far-side craters, it is filled with mare material.[1]

Satellite craters[edit]

By convention these features are identified on lunar maps by placing the letter on the side of the crater midpoint that is closest to Kohlschütter.

Kohlschütter Coordinates Diameter, km
N 11°23′N 153°31′E / 11.39°N 153.51°E / 11.39; 153.51 (Kohlschütter N) 25.0
Q 12°55′N 152°45′E / 12.91°N 152.75°E / 12.91; 152.75 (Kohlschütter Q) 18.3
V 15°25′N 151°37′E / 15.41°N 151.61°E / 15.41; 151.61 (Kohlschütter V) 19.0
W 16°09′N 151°01′E / 16.15°N 151.02°E / 16.15; 151.02 (Kohlschütter W) 31.2
Kohlschütter V. Note that the west wall and floor are illuminated by reflected light from the east wall in this image from Apollo 16.

References[edit]

  1. ^ The geologic history of the Moon, 1987, Wilhelms, Don E.; with sections by McCauley, John F.; Trask, Newell J. USGS Professional Paper: 1348. (online), Figure 5-2
  • Andersson, L. E.; Whitaker, E. A. (1982). NASA Catalogue of Lunar Nomenclature. NASA RP-1097.
  • Blue, Jennifer (July 25, 2007). "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature". USGS. Retrieved 2017-08-17.
  • Bussey, B.; Spudis, P. (2004). The Clementine Atlas of the Moon. New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-81528-4.
  • Cocks, Elijah E.; Cocks, Josiah C. (1995). Who's Who on the Moon: A Biographical Dictionary of Lunar Nomenclature. Tudor Publishers. ISBN 978-0-936389-27-1.
  • McDowell, Jonathan (July 15, 2007). "Lunar Nomenclature". Jonathan's Space Report. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  • Menzel, D. H.; Minnaert, M.; Levin, B.; Dollfus, A.; Bell, B. (1971). "Report on Lunar Nomenclature by the Working Group of Commission 17 of the IAU". Space Science Reviews. 12 (2): 136–186. Bibcode:1971SSRv...12..136M. doi:10.1007/BF00171763.
  • Moore, Patrick (2001). On the Moon. Sterling Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-304-35469-6.
  • Price, Fred W. (1988). The Moon Observer's Handbook. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-33500-3.
  • Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-62248-6.