Koy Sanjaq

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Koi Sanjaq)
Jump to: navigation, search
Koy Sanjaq
Skyline of Koy Sanjaq
Koy Sanjaq is located in Iraq
Koy Sanjaq
Koy Sanjaq
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 36°04′59″N 44°37′47″E / 36.08306°N 44.62972°E / 36.08306; 44.62972
Country  Iraq
Autonomous region  Kurdistan
Province Arbil Governorate
Elevation 582 m (1,909 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 44.987[1]
Time zone UTC+3
 • Summer (DST) not observed (UTC)

The town Koy Sanjaq (Kurdish: Koye‎, also known as Koya; Arabic: كوي سنجق‎) is located in the Erbil Governorate of Iraqi Kurdistan, close to the Iranian border. Most of the town was property of two families (the Hawezis and the Ghafuris) in the past, but later the Iraqi government took most of the land owned by the two families.

Wallace Lyon, travelling through the town in 1923, compared it to Sulaymaniyah and noted that it was a centre for tobacco. The governor at the time was Jamil Agha Hawezi, succeeding the late Hama Agha Ghafuri. [2]

The population is between 50,000 and 100,000. [3] A specific variant of the Aramaic language, Koy Sanjaq Surat, a dialect of Aramaic, is spoken by about 1,000 Assyrians who settled in the town by the end of the 1800s. [4]

One of the local dishes is Dolma. [5]

Famous people from the city include the Kurdish poet Haji Qadir Koyi, Sheikh Jangi Talabani [older brother of former Iraqi President Jalal Talabani] Zeki Ahmed Henari, Haji Agha, Hama Aghai Gewre Ghafuri, Kaka Ziad Ghafuri, Jalal Talabani, Omar Debaba, Mamosta Aziz, Malay Gewre, Jalal Aghai Hawezi, Haji Bakir Aghai Hawezi, Sajid Abdulwahid, Dildar, Dr Xalid Ghafuri,XarAswad, Amin Agha, Mela Masoum, Haji Osman Omar Mamyahya, Dr Fuad Masum, Sewa Koyi. The current President of Iraq, Jalal Talabani, who was born in the nearby village of Kelkan, went to school here. In 1949 he joined the town's branch of the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP). [6]

A university, known in English as "Koya University" was set up in the town in 2003.

Photo of University of Koya by Hwnar M. Smail


  1. ^ [1], Rastlos.com. Retrieved 2014-01-04.
  2. ^ Fieldhouse, David Kenneth (2002). Kurds, Arabs and Britons: the memoir of Wallace Lyon in Iraq 1918-44. Tauris. Retrieved 2009-09-08. 
  3. ^ "Koi Sanjaq". Collins. Retrieved 2009-09-11. 
  4. ^ Moseley, Christopher (2007). Encyclopedia of the world's endangered languages. Routledge. Retrieved 2009-09-11. 
  5. ^ "The Many Ways of Rolling Grape Leaves". Food Bridge. 2009-05-15. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 
  6. ^ Gunter, Michael M. (1999). The Kurdish predicament in Iraq: a political analysis. Social Science. Retrieved 2009-09-12. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°05′N 44°38′E / 36.083°N 44.633°E / 36.083; 44.633