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|Regions with significant populations|
|Shan State, Myanmar|
|Southwestern Mandarin, Burmese, Putonghua|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Burmese Chinese, Han Chinese, Chin Haw, Other Sino-Tibetan peoples|
The Kokang people (Chinese: 果敢族; pinyin: Guǒgǎn Zú; Burmese: ကိုးကန့်လူမျိုး) are an ethnic group of Myanmar. They are Mandarin-speaking Han Chinese living in Kokang, administered as Kokang Special Region (now Kokang Self-Administered Zone).
In 1997, it was estimated that the Kokang people, together with more recently immigrated Yunnanese, constituted 30 to 40 percent of Myanmar's ethnic Chinese population. They constitute around 0.1% of Myanmar's population.
Most Kokang are descendants of Chinese speakers who migrated to what is now Shan State in the 18th century. In the mid-17th century, the Yang clan, a Chinese military house that fled with the Ming loyalists from Nanjing to Yunnan Province, and later migrated to the Shan State in eastern Myanmar, formed a feudal state called Kokang. From the 1960s to 1989, the area was ruled by the Communist Party of Burma, and after the dissolution of that party in 1989 it became a special region of Myanmar.
The Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army (MNDAA) is a Kokang insurgent group. In August 2009 they clashed with Tatmadaw soldiers in a conflict fanned by controversial interests known as the 2009 Kokang incident.
- Burma has other, non-Kokang populations of Han Chinese; depending on what area of China they originally immigrated from, these populations speak Yunnanese, Hokkien, Cantonese, Hakka, and Hainanese. See Mya Than (1997). "The Ethnic Chinese in Myanmar and their Identity". In Leo Suryadinata (ed.). Ethnic Chinese as Southeast Asians. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 117–8. ISBN 981-3055-58-8.
- Ng Han Guan. "Ethnic rebels flee Myanmar, abandoning weapons and uniforms for safe haven in south China". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 30 August 2009.
- Mya Than (1997). "The Ethnic Chinese in Myanmar and their Identity". In Leo Suryadinata (ed.). Ethnic Chinese as Southeast Asians. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 119–20. ISBN 981-3055-58-8.
- Chinese Dam Builders Fan Conflict in Burma
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