Kokoda

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Kokoda
Kokoda is located in Papua New Guinea
Kokoda
Kokoda
Location within Papua New Guinea
Coordinates: 8°52′40″S 147°44′15″E / 8.87778°S 147.73750°E / -8.87778; 147.73750
CountryPapua New Guinea
ProvinceOro (Northern)
DistrictSohe District
LLGKokoda Rural LLG
Elevation
370 m (1,210 ft)
Population
 (2011), quandl.com
 • Total658
Languages
 • Main languagesKoiari, Motu
Time zoneUTC+10 (AEST)
Location55 km (34 mi) WSW of Popondetta
Annual rainfall5,000 mm (196.9 in)
ClimateAf

Kokoda is a station town in the Oro Province of Papua New Guinea. It is famous as the northern end of the Kokoda Track, site of the eponymous Kokoda Track campaign of World War II. In that campaign, it had strategic significance because it had the only airfield along the Track. In the decades preceding, it had been a foothills settlement near the gold fields.

Kokoda is located within the administrative divisions of Kokoda Rural LLG.

Establishment of the station town[edit]

The British colonial administration found that a base for the Papuan Native Constabulary and colonial control was required to subdue the region and the government station of Kokoda was founded in 1904. [1]

World War II[edit]

An amphibious landing by Japanese forces to capture Port Moresby was postponed indefinitely after the Battle of Midway.[2][3] The Japanese command believed there to be a road leading through the Owen-Stanleys from Kokoda to the south coast.[4] An invasion force was landed on the north coast near Buna and Gona from 21 July 1942. Two battles were fought in and around the village during the opening stages of the Kokoda Track campaign. Kokoda was reoccupied by Australian forces on 2 November 1942, following the Japanese withdrawal back to the north coast.[5]

The station is linked by a rough road and a two-hour journey to the provincial capital of Popondetta.

In August 2009 Kokoda airstrip was the destination for Airlines PNG Flight CG4684 that crashed whilst attempting to land.[6] All 13 people on board were killed in the crash, including nine Australian passengers who were due to trek the Kokoda Track, a Japanese passenger, and three Papua New Guineans, including the two pilots.[6][7]

Climate[edit]

Kokoda has a tropical rainforest climate with heavy to very heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Kokoda
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.7
(89.1)
31.5
(88.7)
31.3
(88.3)
30.6
(87.1)
30.3
(86.5)
29.5
(85.1)
29.2
(84.6)
29.4
(84.9)
30.1
(86.2)
31.1
(88.0)
31.3
(88.3)
31.5
(88.7)
30.6
(87.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.4
(77.7)
25.3
(77.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.8
(76.6)
25.4
(77.7)
25.6
(78.1)
25.9
(78.6)
25.3
(77.5)
Average low °C (°F) 20.8
(69.4)
20.6
(69.1)
20.6
(69.1)
20.3
(68.5)
20.4
(68.7)
19.8
(67.6)
19.2
(66.6)
19.2
(66.6)
19.6
(67.3)
19.7
(67.5)
19.9
(67.8)
20.4
(68.7)
20.0
(68.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 389
(15.3)
376
(14.8)
372
(14.6)
323
(12.7)
280
(11.0)
169
(6.7)
180
(7.1)
196
(7.7)
276
(10.9)
383
(15.1)
370
(14.6)
401
(15.8)
3,715
(146.3)
Source: Climate-Data.org[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nelson, Hank (2016) [1976]. "9. The Yodda, Gira and Waria: unavoidable mishaps which constantly recur in warfare". Black, White and Gold (PDF). Canberra: ANU Press. p. 130. doi:10.22459/BWG.07.2016. ISBN 9780708104880. (online version)
  2. ^ * Bullard, Steven (2007). Japanese Army Operations in the South Pacific Area New Britain and Papua Campaigns, 1942–43. translator. Canberra: Australian War Memorial. pp. 57–61. ISBN 978-0-9751904-8-7.
  3. ^ * Horner, David (May 1993). "Defending Australia in 1942". The Pacific War 1942. War and Society. Vol. 11. Canberra: Department of History, Australian Defence Force Academy. pp. 1–21. doi:10.1179/072924793791198886. ISSN 0729-2473.
  4. ^ Bullard 2007, pp. 95.
  5. ^ *Anderson, Nicholas (2014). To Kokoda. Australian Army Campaigns Series – 14. Sydney, New South Wales: Big Sky Publishing. ISBN 978-1-922132-95-6.
  6. ^ a b "No survivors in PNG plane crash". News Online. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2009-08-12. Retrieved 2009-08-12.
  7. ^ "'No survivors' at PNG crash site". BBC News. 12 August 2009.
  8. ^ "Climate: Kokoda". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 17 October 2020.