|Birth name||James Arnold|
|Also known as||Kokomo Arnold, Gitfiddle Jim|
February 15, 1901|
Lovejoy's Station, Georgia, U.S.
|Origin||Lovejoy's Station, Georgia, U.S.|
|Died||November 8, 1968
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Instruments||Vocals, slide guitar|
|Years active||1920s – 1938|
Kokomo Arnold (February 15, 1901 – November 8, 1968) was an American blues musician.
Born as James Arnold in Lovejoy's Station, Georgia, he got his nickname in 1934 after releasing "Old Original Kokomo Blues" for the Decca label; it was a cover of the Scrapper Blackwell blues song about the city of Kokomo, Indiana. A left-handed slide guitarist, he had an intense slide style of playing and rapid-fire vocal style that set him apart from his contemporaries.
Having learned the basics of the guitar from his cousin, John Wiggs, Arnold began playing in the early 1920s as a sideline while he worked as a farmhand in Buffalo, New York, and as a steelworker in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 1929 he moved to Chicago and set up a bootlegging business, an activity he continued throughout Prohibition. In 1930 Arnold moved south briefly, and made his first recordings, "Rainy Night Blues" and "Paddlin' Madeline Blues", under the name Gitfiddle Jim for the Victor label in Memphis. He soon moved back to Chicago, although he was forced to make a living as a musician after Prohibition ended in 1933. Kansas Joe McCoy heard him and introduced him to Mayo Williams who was producing records for Decca.
From his first recording for Decca on September 10, 1934, until his last on May 12, 1938, Arnold made 88 sides, seven of which remain lost. Arnold, Peetie Wheatstraw and Bumble Bee Slim were dominant figures in Chicago blues circles of that time. Peetie Wheatstraw & Arnold in particular were also major influences upon musical contemporary seminal delta blues artist Robert Johnson and thus modern music as a whole. Johnson turned "Old Original Kokomo Blues" into "Sweet Home Chicago", "Milk Cow Blues" into "Milkcow's Calf Blues", while another Arnold song, "Sagefield Woman Blues", introduced the terminology "dust my broom", which Johnson used as a song title himself.
Other notable songs include his 1934 recording of the "Sissy Man Blues" with its openly bisexual lyrics, including the line, "Lord, if you can't send me no woman, please send me some sissy man." This piece went on to also be recorded by other blues musicians of the era including Josh White (Pinewood Tom), George Noble and Connie McLean's Rhythm Kings.
In 1938 Arnold left the music industry and began to work in a Chicago factory. Rediscovered by blues researchers in 1962, he showed no enthusiasm for returning to music to take advantage of the new explosion of interest in the blues among young white audiences.
- Kokomo Arnold (Saydisc Matchbox, 1969)
- Masters Of The Blues, Vol. 4 (Collector's Classics, 1970)
- Bad Luck Blues 1934-1938 (MCA, 1974)
- Master Of The Bottleneck Guitar 1930-38 (Document, 1987)
- Down And Out Blues (Agram, 1990)
- Complete Recorded Works in Chronological Order 1930-1938, Vol. 1-4 (Document, 1991)
- King Of The Bottleneck Guitar 1934-1937 (Black & Blue, 1991)
- Blues Classics Vol. 1 (Wolf, 1997)
- Old Original Kokomo Blues (P-Vine, 1997)
- Old Original Kokomo Blues 1934-1938 (EMP, 1998)
- Old Original Kokomo Blues (Catfish, 1999)
- Midnight Blues (History, 2000)
- The Essential Kokomo Arnold (Document, 2001)
- The Story Of The Blues (Membran Music, 2004)
- Entry at the African American Registry, retrieved November 15, 2007
- Briggs, Keith, Kokomo Arnold, Complete Recorded Works Vol.1 (May 17, 1930 to March 15, 1935, Document Records, 1991.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 89. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 12. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- "Sissy Man Blues", Kokomo Arnold, Decca 7050, January 15, 1935, retrieved August 12, 2014
- Doyle, JD, "Sissy Man Blues", Queer Music Heritage, retrieved August 12, 2014
- Find a Grave website, retrieved November 15, 2007
- Illustrated Kokomo Arnold discography
- allmusic.com entry
- African American Registry entry
- Profile page for James Kokomo Arnold on the Find-A-Grave web site