Kol people

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The Kol people is a generic name for the Munda and some people from Oraon Adivasi, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Bangladesh, and Nepal.

Kol of Uttar Pradesh[edit]

The Kol in Uttar Pradesh are found mainly in the districts of Mirzapur, Varanasi, Banda and Allahabad. They numbered 135,617 according to the 1981 Census of India. They are said to have migrated from central India some five centuries ago. The Kol are further divided into a number of exogamous clans, such as the Rojaboria, Rautia, Thakuria, Monasi, Bhil, Chero and Barawire. They speak the Baghelkhandi dialect. Most Kol are landless, and the forest is their main source of income. They collect firewood and leaves from the forest and sell these at the local markets.[citation needed]

The Kol Scheduled Caste population in Uttar Pradesh at the 2011 Census of India was 422,042.[1]


  1. ^ "A-10 Individual Scheduled Caste Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix - Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2017-02-06.