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The geographical region of Fennoscandia within Northern Europe, comprising Norway, Sweden, Finland and parts of Russia.

Fennoscandia (Finnish: Fennoskandia; Bokmål:Fennoskandia; Nynorsk: Fennoskandia; Russian: Фенноскандия Fennoskandiya), or Fenno-Scandinavia, is the region comprising the Scandinavian Peninsula, Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula.[1] Thus, the term usually covers the countries Finland, Norway, and Sweden in their entireties.[2] It also includes a part of Russia. Its name comes from the Latin words Fennia (which means Finland) and Scandia (which means Scandinavia).[3] The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1900.[4]


Geologically, the term also alludes to the underlying Fennoscandian Shield of Norway, Sweden, and Finland, which is the exposed portion of the Baltic Shield.

The White Sea – Baltic Canal is often considered the limit that separates Fennoscandia from the main Russian landmass.

Unlike the term "Scandinavia," "Fennoscandia" does include Finland, Karelia, and the Kola Peninsula, but not Denmark.

Unlike the term "Nordic countries," it does not include Denmark, Iceland, Greenland, or other geographically disconnected overseas areas.[citation needed]

Cultural region[edit]

In a cultural sense, Fennoscandia signifies the historically close contact between the Sami, Finnic (Finnish), Swedish, Norwegian, and Russian people and cultures.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology and Anthropology of Hunter-Gatherers, eds. Vicki Cummings; Peter Jordan; Marek Zvelebil (Oxfored; New York: Oxford University Press, 2014), p. 838
  2. ^ Sten Lavsund; Tuire Nygren; Erling Solberg, "Status of moose populations and challenges to moose management in Fennoscandia." Alces. 2003. HighBeam Research. (April 20, 2015). http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-140524869.html
  3. ^ "Fennoscandia [fen′ō skan′dē ə]". Your Dictionary. LoveToKnow, Corp. Retrieved 20 April 2015. 
  4. ^ De Geer, Sten (1928). "Das geologische Fennoskandia und das geographische Baltoskandia". Geografiska Annaler (in German) (Swedish Society for Anthropology and Geography) 10: 119–139. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 63°00′00″N 17°00′00″E / 63.0000°N 17.0000°E / 63.0000; 17.0000