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Kulpakji Tirtha
Jain temple warangal.jpg
Kulpakji is located in Telangana
Location in Telangana
Basic information
Location Kolanupaka, Nalgonda, Telangana, India
Geographic coordinates 17°41′55″N 79°02′14″E / 17.698611°N 79.037222°E / 17.698611; 79.037222Coordinates: 17°41′55″N 79°02′14″E / 17.698611°N 79.037222°E / 17.698611; 79.037222
Affiliation Jainism
Deity Rishabhanatha
Festivals Mahavir Jayanti
Country India
Date established 1st century B.C.- 1st century C.E.

Kulpakji also Kolanupaka Temple is a 2,000 year old [1][2] Jain temple at the village of Kolanupaka in Nalgonda district, Telangana, India.[3][4] The temple houses three idols: one each of Lord Rishabhanatha, Lord Neminatha, and Lord Mahavira. The image of Lord Rishabhanatha, carved of a green stone has been historically famous as "Manikyaswami". The temple is about 80 km from Hyderabad on the Hyderabad-Warangal Highway NH 163.


Kolanupaka Temple temple is more than 2,000 years old.[5][6] A number of Jain antiquities have been discovered in Kulpakji. A grant mentioning a gift to a basadi during the rile of Sanfkaragana (9th century) has been found at Akunur.[7] Kolanupaka flourished as a Jain center during the Rashtrakutas period[8] Over 20 Jain inscriptions have been found at Kulpak.[9] Inscriptions suggest that the Kulpak was a major center of Kranur Gana of Mula Sangh. A manastambha with an inscription of 1125 AD has been found. A 12th-century inscription found in the temple mentions Meghachadra Siddhantadeva who entered sallekhana. The Jain activity declined after 1276 AD. Jain activity was re-established in 1711 AD when the temple of Manikyaswani was renovated and a boundary wall was erected.

In Vividha Tirtha Kalpa (14th century) of Jinaprabhasuri the sections Kulyapak Rishabhadeva Stuti and Kollapakamanikyadeva Tirthakalpa.[10] He mentions that according to legends, the Manikyasami image was originally worshipped by Mandodari, the wife of Ravana. It was brought here by the ruler Sankar of Kalyana.

According to some legends the main temple is said to have been built by Bharat Chakravarti. Jainism was prevalent in Andhra Pradesh before the 4th century, and Kolanupaka was one of the prominent centres of Jainism from early times.[11] The temple,was recently renovated[12] by employing more than 150 artisans from Rajasthan and Gujarat.[13]

The Temple[edit]

The interior of the temple is made by red sand stone and white marble. Lord Rishabha, popularly called Adinath Bhagvan, was the first Tirthankar in the Jain religion. It is believed that the original idol of Lord Adinath, known locally as Manikya Deva, has made Kolanupaka its abode.

There are eight idols of the other Tirthankars on both the sides of the main temple. The statue of Lord Mahaveer is 130 centimetres (51 in) tall and is said to be made of a single piece of jade. Idols of Lord Simandar Swami and Mata Padmavati are installed on either side of the main temple.

Kulpakji is an important pilgrimage center for Svetambara Jains of South India.

Also, the Someshwara Temple is very famous, which was established by Chalukya's about 800 years back. Kolanu means a Lake and Paka means a Hut. There used to be lots of lakes and huts and this caused to get this name. Kolanupaka is said to be known by different names in the past, Bimbavatipuram, Kottiyapaka, Kollihaka, Kollipaka and Kolanpak. Many statues were found while constructing the school and library in the village. All the statues were moved and placed in the Someshwara Temple's museum by Somalingam Kallem, a government official.


The temple was recently renovated by employing more than 150 artisans from Rajasthan and Gujarat supervised by Sompuras. The old garbhagrah was preserved and a complete new temple was created surrounding the existing tower.[14]



  1. ^ http://yadadri.telangana.gov.in/district-profile/
  2. ^ Places of interest - Jain Temple at Kolanpak or Kolanupaka, Warangal Police 
  3. ^ The Hindu : Andhra Pradesh / Hyderabad News : Kolanupaka temple to be re-opened
  4. ^ The Hindu : Andhra Pradesh / Hyderabad News : School toppers feted
  5. ^ templesinindiainfo.com › Telangana Temples › Nalgonda Temples
  6. ^ http://www.exploretelangana.com/kolanupaka-jain-temple-2000-years-old
  7. ^ Jain Monuments of Andhra, G. Jawaharlal, Sharda Publishing House, Delhi, 2002, (Chap. 5, Kulpak -A Jain Tirth Kshetra, p. 94-100
  8. ^ Spirituality sculpted ARUNA CHANDARAJU, The Hindu, January 23, 2014 http://www.thehindu.com/features/friday-review/history-and-culture/spirituality-sculpted/article5610052.ece
  9. ^ Jain Monuments of Andhra, G. Jawaharlal, Sharda Publishing House, Delhi, 2002, (Chap. 5, Kulpak -A Jain Tirth Kshetra, p. 94-100
  10. ^ Vividha Tirtha Kalpa of Jinaprabhasuri, Editor: Jinavijaya, Simghi Jain Granthmala, 1934, p. 97, 101
  11. ^ BSL Hanumantha Rao, The Jain Relics of Kolanupak, Arhat vacana, October 1992, pp. 7–11
  12. ^ History of Oswals, Jain Chanchalmal Lodha, Panchshil Publications, 2005 p. 228
  13. ^ Kulpakji Jain Temple, 10.09.2012, http://www.herenow4u.net/index.php?id=88652
  14. ^ Kulpak Temple, Hyderabad (Architects) http://www.cptrivedi.com/p_kulpak_temple_hyderabad.asp