Someshwara Temple, 14th century Vijayanagara style
|• Total||26.56 km2 (10.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||821 m (2,694 ft)|
|• Density||5,200/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
||This article possibly contains original research. (January 2011)|
Kolar pronunciation (help·info) (Kannada: ಕೋಲಾರ) is a city in the South Indian state of Karnataka. It is the headquarters of Kolar District and is known for gold mining. Kolar is called[by whom?] the land of silk, milk, and gold.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History of Kolar
- 3 Religion
- 4 Administration
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Notable residents
- 7 Transportation
- 8 Railways
- 9 Improvement of The City
- 10 Major Hospitals and Medical colleges and other colleges located in Kolar
- 11 Industrial areas located in Kolar District
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Kolar is located at  with an average elevation of 822 metres (2,697 ft)..
It is located at a distance of about 70 kilometres (43 mi) from Bengaluru and 32 kilometres (20 mi) from Kolar Gold Fields. The city is located on the southern maidan (plains) region of Karnataka. The Ammerallikere, a tank, forms its eastern boundary. To the north is the Kodikannur tank, the main source of water supply to the city. The nearest railway junction is Bangarpet at a distance of about 15 km. It is situated on the Bengaluru - Chennai National Highway-4.
History of Kolar
The Gangas sovereignty lasted from about 350 to 550 CE, initially ruled from Kolar as their Capital City. The founding king of the Ganga dynasty was Anoop who made Kolar his capital around 350 and ruled for about twenty years.
Kolar, the headquarters of the Kolar district, was earlier known as Kuvalala, also known as Kolahala Pura. Historically, Kolar is said to be associated with the epic age, which recalls many legends associated with Avani in Mulbagal Taluk, which was also called Avani Kshetra.
It was once known as Avantika- Kshetra, a sacred place in Kolar district in Karnataka State. It was famous for its religious establishments from ancient times.
It was once known as Aavanya which was under the Ganga prince Madhava Muttarasa, who governed several districts. In about A.D 890, its earliest grant relates that Tribhuvana Kartara Deva, who held the title of Kali Yuga Rudra, ruled over the Avaniya Thana for 40 years. During this period he constructed 50 temples and two large tanks.
Maharshi Valmiki, author of the epic Ramayana, lived here. The legend goes further to establish that Seetha Devi, after being sent to exile, gave birth to her twins Lava and Kusha at Avani.
The Avani continued to survive as a religious establishment from the 9th to 11th centuries. There are temples dedicated to Lord Rama.
The hill to the west of Kolar, called the Shatasringa Parvata or 'Hundred-Peaked Mountain' is 'Antharagange', associated with the story of Parasurama and his fight with King Kartaviryarjuna over Surabhi, the divine cow. As the story goes, King Kartavirya Arjuna (Sahasrarjuna) and his army visited Jamadagni, Parasurama's father, when the king demanded the magical cow from Jamadagni. When Jamadagni refused, the King sent his soldiers to take the cow, but Parashurama killed the entire army and the king with his axe. In return, the princes beheaded Jamadagni. Thus, Parasurama took an oath to behead the entire Kshatriya race, which is said to have taken place on the hills. It is said that the 'kolahala' on the death of Kartaviryarjuna gave its name to the town, which later become Kolar. Kannada is the main languages spoken in the district of Kolar.
Old City of Kolar comprises the following Areas: 1.Dargah Shahi Mohalla
8.BEML Layout/ C.Byregowda Nagar
42. Khutub Gowri Mohalla
43.Shukur Ulla Sha Makan
44.Nyamath Bi Dragah Mohalla
Antaragange is one of the tourist attractions Of Kolar. It is also known as "Dakshina Kashi Kshetra". In the temple is a pond which gets a continuous flow of underground water from the mouth of a Basava (stone bull). There is a steep, narrow path to the top of the mountain. There are seven villages on this mountain, including Therhalli. The mountain consists of granite rocks and lot of caves around. Antaragange is 4 Kilometers away from Kolar and 71 Kilometers away from State capital Bangalore
Many of the rural areas are developing into urban areas. The following rural areas are being converted into urban areas:
1. Kondarajanahalli is the upcoming major hub for industry and other trading activities as it is located at the by-pass junction towards bangalore.
4. Arabhikothanur (Up to Narasapura Industrial Area)
13. Garudanahalli - Chokkahalli
16. Vemagal (Up to Vemagal Industrial Area)
19. Arahalli (Up to Powergrid Station)
20. RM Golden City
The major temples in the town are the Kolaramma Temple and the Someswara Temple. Someswara Temple is a fine example of the Vijayanagara style, complete with a massive pillared Mukha Mandapa, heavy Prakara walls, ornate Kalyana mantapa, a Devi Shrine and a lofty Gopura with fine stucco figures on the tower; while the door frame is carved in the typical Vijayanagara style, with dwarapalas, etc. The temple has a large tank (Kalyani) also. There are Vijayanagara inscriptions on the wall of the store room and the yagashala, dated to the 15th century.
Kolaramma Temple: This "L"-shaped temple has two shrines, one for Durga (Kolaramma) and the other for the Saptamatras. Both have a common vestibule. The Durga Shrine has a wagon-roof tower. The stucco figures in the Saptamatras shrine are unusually large. The temple is of Dravida Vimana Style, built in the Ganga Tradition (11th century). The Mahadwara has imposing pavilions in the inner side. The temple contains several Chola inscriptions, the earliest belonging to Mr. Yendeti (1012-1045).
Hyder Ali Tomb is also found. Islamic religion also plays a very important role. Many Darga's are also found like Khutub Gowri Dargah in heart of the city, A Dargah above the Antaraganga Hill and etc., Number of mosques are also found all over Kolar.
The Member of Parliament is K.H. Muniyappa who has won the last 6 elections. He is currently Union Minister of State (independent charge) for micro small and medium enterprises in the national government.
Varthur Prakash is the local member of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly.
As of the[update] 2011 census, Kolar municipality had a population of 138,553. The municipality had a sex ratio of 978 females per 1,000 males and 11.5% of the population were under six years old. Effective literacy was 84.02%; male literacy was 87.28% and female literacy was 80.69%.
Kannada is the language spoken by the majority. However, significant population speaks Telugu and Tamil (in KGF).
- Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya – The architect of modern Karnataka and of the Brindavan Gardens
- D. V. Gundappa – Kannada poet
- Masti Venkatesha Iyengar: Kannada poet and recipient of Jnanpith Award
- K. C. Reddy : First Chief Minister of Karnataka, (then Mysore State)
- Hyder Ali: Father of Tipu Sultan
- K. Pattabhiraman: Noted freedom fighter, Sarvodaya Nayaka (Leader), eminent lawyer and Member of Legistive Assembly of Mysore (MLA) in 1951. One of the four Independent candidates who won from Mysore State during that elections, amidst a near sweep by Indian National Congress (INC). He was slated to be the first Chief Minister of Mysore but due to caste politics, K. C. Reddy became the first CM. One of Kolar town extensions named after him - "Pattabhiraman Extension" which was previously called Old Extension.
- K. H. Muniyappa: Union Minister of State for Railways, Government of India
- Soundarya, Versatile film actress ruled southern film industry and household famous in southern part of India
Kolar has transportation amenities such as Buses, Taxis, and Auto Rickshaws.
Kolar also has a local transportation facility " Antaragange Kolara Nagara Sarige" which was inaugurated in July 2012.
The district headquarters has a railway station connecting two destinations:
Improvement of The City
. Most of the old buildings are getting demolished and new buildings are getting constructed.
. To avoid accidents, The police department has introduced the traffic light signals at KSRTC Bus Station Road and Mekke Circle.
. A 4-way lane is being built at Tekal Road, Petechamanahalli Extension, Kolar
Major Hospitals and Medical colleges and other colleges located in Kolar
Here is a list of hospital and Medical college located in Kolar
1. Maruthi Hospital -Opp. District Central Library D.V.G. Road, Kolar
2. Srinivasa Nursing Home - Bangarapet Circle, Kolar
3. Shreya Hospital - Shanaishwara Swamy Temple Road, Behind Tirumala Dairy, Fort, Kolar
4. Gaurav Orthopedic Hospital - Opp.Shanaishwara Swamy Temple, Fort, Kolar
5. Manjunatha Health Care - Opp. ETCM Hospital, Kanakanapalya, Kolar
6. E.T.C.M Mission Hospital - Bangarapet circle road, Kanakanapalya, Kolar
7. S.N.R. Hospital - Bangarapet road, Opp. Mahila Samaja School, Doomlight Circle, Kolar
8.Sri Devaraj Urs Medical College - Next to Horticulture college, Tamaka, Kolar
9. R.L.Jalappa teaching Hospital and Research center - Next to S.D.U.M.C,tamaka, Kolar
10.Chowdeshwari Hospital - Opp. Anur Hardware, KSRTC Bus Station Road, Kolar
11.Arogya Hospital. Doom Light Circle Kolar
A New Government Medical College is going to be established in Vemagal Village, Which is about 17 Kilometers From Kolar
12.C. Byre Gowda Institute of Technology,Thoradevanda Halli [p],Kolar to Srinivaspur Road,KOLAR- 563 101.
13. Janatha High School,Kembodi,kolar-mulbagul Road.
14. College of Horticulture, Jack Garden, Tamaka, NH4, Kolar. It is a constituent College of University Horticultural Sciences, Bagalkot
15. Zonal Horticultural Research Station (ZHRS) Hogalagere, Srinivasapura Taluk
16. St.Anne's High school,Kolar
17. Manipal hospital, Doomlight Circle, Kolar
Industrial areas located in Kolar District
- Narasapura Industrial Area - 15 Kilometers (National Highway 4)
- Tamaka Industrial Area - 5 Kilometers (N H 4)
- Vemagal Industrial Area - 15 Kilometers (Chikkaballapura Road)
- Malur Industrial Area - 30 Kilometers (Hosur Road)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kolar.|
- "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (pdf). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kolar
- K Narasimhamurthy (2 September 2011). "A teacher whose name is synonymous with the village". India: Deccan Herald. Retrieved December 2011.
- Vishwa Kundapura (15 August 2007). "Vidurashwath epitomises the sacrifice made by Kolar". India: Deccan Herald. Retrieved December 2011.
- "A singing freedom fighter". India: Deccan Herald. 1. Retrieved December 2011.