Koldo Zuazo

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Koldo Zuazo in 2011

Koldo Zuazo (Eibar, Gipuzkoa, 1956) is a Basque linguist, professor at the University of the Basque Country[1] and specialist in Basque language dialectology and sociolinguistics.

Map of Basque dialects (Koldo Zuazo, 1998)

The dialects of the Basque language[edit]

Since 1998, Zuazo's work on the Basque dialects has drawn a new classification and a new map of these dialects—this has been a revolution in a field where few changes were made since Louis Lucien Bonaparte's works (1863).[2]

According to Zuazo, the Basque dialects (together with other language innovations) originated in urban areas:

  1. Iruña
  2. Gasteiz
  3. Central Biscay (Durango-Zornotza-Gernika-Bermeo)
  4. Beterri in Gipuzkoa (Donostia-Hernani-Andoain-Tolosa)
  5. Coastal Lapurdi
  6. The source of the Eastern dialect isn't clear, Zuazo states that it may have happened in Bearn or in Huesca

Zuazo has observed that all dialects had a similar influence of Latin and therefore he thinks that all dialects originated after Roman times. This is aligned with Mitxelena's earlier thoughts on this subject.

Zuazo thinks that the Western dialect originated in Araba, based on the similarities between the dialects of Biscay, west of Navarre, the Deba valley and Goierri.



  • Euskararen batasuna (The standardization of Basque language). Euskaltzaindia, 1988.
  • Euskararen sendabelarrak (Tips and solutions for some of the problems of Basque language). Alberdania, 2000.
  • Euskara batua: ezina ekinez egina (The challenge of the standardization of Basque language). Elkar, 2005.
  • Deba ibarreko euskara. Dialektologia eta tokiko batua (Basque language in the Deba Valley. Dialects and local standards). Badihardugu, 2006.
  • Euskalkiak. Euskararen dialektoak (Description of the dialects of Basque language). Elkar, 2008.
  • Sakanako euskara. Burundako hizkera (Basque language in the region of Burunda). Nafarroako Gobernua eta Euskaltzaindia, 2010.
  • El euskera y sus dialectos (Basque language and its dialects). Alberdania, 2010.
  • Arabako euskara (Basque language in Araba). Elkar, 2012.
  • Mailopeko euskara (Basque language in Mailope). UPV/EHU, 2013.
  • Euskalkiak (The Basque dialects). Elkar, 2014.
  • Uribe Kosta, Txorierri eta Mungialdeko euskara (Basque language in Uribe Kosta, Txorierri and Mungialde). UPV/EHU, 2016 (in collaboration with Urtzi Goitia)


  • Neure buruaren alde (novel). Alberdania, 2011.

Other publications[edit]

  • Euskalkiak (website): contains information about the standard Basque language and local standardsand dialects, combining text and media resources. Published in 2015 with the support of the University of the Basque Country. combining text and media resources. Published in 2015 with the support of the University of the Basque Country., . .


  1. ^ (in Basque) (in Spanish) List of professors at the Arts Faculty of the University of the Basque Country. Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  2. ^ Erdozia Mauleón, José Luis: "Sakanerak", Fontes linguae vasconum: Studia et documenta, ISSN 0046-435X, Year no. 37, no. 98, 2005, pages. 59-78. See page 60: "Bonaparte Printzearen sailkapenak indarrean iraun du duela urte gutxi arte euskal dialektologiaren baitan, Koldo Zuazo hizkuntzalariak Euskalkiak gaur (1998) lana aurkeztu zuen arte, hain zuzen ere."

External links[edit]