Kolhapur district

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Kolhapur district
Baji Prabhu Deshpande Statue in Panhala Fort.jpg
Pohale Caves 16.jpg
Mahalakshmi temple, Kolhapur.jpg
Looking Down Vishalgad (2066215704).jpg
Radhanagri wildlife reserve.jpg
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Country India
StateMaharashtra
DivisionPune
HeadquartersKolhapur
Tehsils1. Gadhinglaj, 2. Karveer, 3. Bhudargad, 4. Panhala, 5. Kagal, 6. Shirol, 7. Hatkanangale, 8. Ajara, 9. Chandgad, 10. Gaganbawada, 11. Radhanagari, 12. Shahuwadi
Government
 • BodyKolhapur Zilla Parishad
 • Guardian MinisterDeepak Kesarkar
(Cabinet Minister MH)
 • President Zilla Parishad
  • President
    Mr. Rahul Patil
  • Vice President
    Mr. Jaywantrao Shimpi
 • District Collector
  • Mr. Rahul Rekhawar (IAS)
 • CEO Zilla Parishad
  • Shri Sanjay Singh Chavan (IAS)
 • MPs
Area
 • Total7,692 km2 (2,970 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,874,015[1]
 • Urban
32%
Demographics
 • Literacy82%[1]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH-4, NH-204
Average annual precipitation1035 mm
Websitekolhapur.gov.in/en/

Kolhapur district (Marathi pronunciation: [kolʱaːpuɾ]) is a district in the Maharashtra state of India. The city of Kolhapur is its district headquarter. It is situated near Panchaganga river.[1]

It is bordered by the Sangli district to the North, by Ratnagiri district, Sindhudurg to the West and by Karnataka state to the East.[2]

Officer[edit]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Guardian Minister[edit]

Guardian Minister Kolhapur
पालकमंत्री कोल्हापुर
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Deepak Kesarkar

since 24 September 2022
StyleThe Honourable
AppointerChief Minister of Maharashtra
Term length5 years / No time limit
Websitekolhapur.gov.in/en/

list of Guardian Minister[edit]

Name Term of office
Chandrakant Patil 31 October 2014 - 8 November 2019
Balasaheb Thorat 9 January 2020 - 5 March 2020
Satej Patil 5 March 2020 - 29 June 2022
Deepak Kesarkar 24 September 2022 - Incumbent

District Magistrate/Collector[edit]

District Magistrate / Collector Kolhapur
जिल्हाधिकारी तथा जिल्हदंडाधिकरी कोल्हापुर
Emblem of India.svg
Emblem of India
Incumbent
Mr. Rahul Rekhawar (IAS)

since 2018
ResidenceAt Kolhapur district
AppointerGovernment of Maharashtra
Term lengthNo time limit
Websitekolhapur.gov.in/en/

list of District Magistrate / Collector[edit]

Name Term of office
Mr. Rahul Rekhawar (IAS) 2018 - Incumbent

History[edit]

Kolhapur was a princely state during British rule of India. Shahu Maharaj ruled it from 1894 to 1922. He worked for the development of the state. It was a hub for Marathi film industry. It was known as 'Chitranagari'. It is now known as Bhalji Pendharkar Chitranagari.[1]

Geography[edit]

Kolhapur district have Bauxite mineral resources in Sahyadri mountains. Ghatprabha, Tamraparni, Dudhganga, Krushna, Bhogawati, Warna, Kasari, Panchaganga, Wedganga, Kumbhi rivers flow through this district. Groundnut, Soyabean, Tobacco, Rice, Jowar, Cotton and Sugarcane are prime crops of this district. Cashew is prime crop of Chandgad taluka. Kolapur is part of Pune division.[2] Radhanagari dam is present on the Bhogawati river. Kolhapur has Panhala hill station. Male to female ratio of the district is 1000:953[1]

Climate[edit]

Rankala Lake at Sunrise

Kolhapur's climate is a blend of coastal and inland elements common to Maharashtra. The temperature has a range between 10 to 35 °C (50 to 95 °F). Summer in Kolhapur is comparatively cooler, but much more humid, than neighbouring inland cities. Maximum temperatures rarely exceed 35 °C (95 °F) and typically range between 33 and 35 °C (91 and 95 °F). Lows during this season are around 24 to 26 °C (75 to 79 °F).

The city receives abundant rainfall from June to September due to its proximity to the Western Ghats. The heavy rains often lead to severe flooding during these months. 2005, 2006, 2019 and 2021 were years when floods occurred. Temperatures are low in the rainy season and range between 19 and 30 °C (66 and 86 °F).

Kolhapur experiences winter from November to February. The winter temperatures are warmer than other cities in Maharashtra such as Pune and Nashik. Lows range from 9 to 16 °C (48 to 61 °F) while highs are in the range of 24 to 32 °C (75 to 90 °F) due to its high elevation and being adjacent to the Western Ghats. Humidity is low in this season making the weather much more pleasant.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901872,720—    
1911792,681−0.96%
1921794,673+0.03%
1931908,317+1.35%
19411,039,279+1.36%
19511,267,609+2.01%
19611,552,636+2.05%
19712,001,973+2.57%
19812,457,095+2.07%
19912,989,507+1.98%
20013,523,162+1.66%
20113,876,001+0.96%
source:[3]

According to the 2011 census, Kolhapur district has a population of 3,876,001. This gives it a ranking of 65th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 504 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,310/sq mi). Its population growth over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.96%. Kolhapur has a sex ratio of 953 females for every 1000 males. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 13.01% and 0.78% of the population respectively.[4] Kolhapur has one of the highest Human Development Index in India which stood at 0.770 in 2011.[5][6]

Religions in Kolhapur district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
87.20%
Islam
7.39%
Jainism
4.00%
Buddhism
0.77%
Other or not stated
0.64%

Languages of Kolhapur district (2011)[8]

  Marathi (89.16%)
  Hindi (3.84%)
  Urdu (2.70%)
  Kannada (2.00%)
  Others (2.30%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 89.16% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 3.84% Hindi, 2.70% Urdu and 2.00% Kannada as their first language. Urdu and Kannada both had a decline in absolute numbers from 2001 to 2011.[8]

The district has three centres of tourism, the Mahlakshmi Temple and Karveer Peeth Jagadguru Shankaracharya Math in the city of Kolhapur and Jyotiba temple in Wadi Ratnagiri.[9]

Educational institutions[edit]

The Kolhapur district has a good number of educational institutions that provide a range of educational programs - from KG to PG and beyond. The district has Shivaji University located in the city of Kolhapur. The university provides various master and Ph.D. level programs. Shivaji University covers three districts - Kolhapur, Sangli and Satara under its jurisdiction. Apart from the university, Kolhapur district has a number of other renowned educational institutions like CSIBER-Chhatrapati Shahu Institute of Business Education and Research, Rajaram College Kolhapur, Swami Vivekanand College Kolhapur, D. Y. Patil College of Engineering and Technology, Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj Government Medical College, Mouni Vidyapeeth, KIT College of Engineering Kolhapur, etc. Kolhapur District is enriched in terms of the availability of quality education of all kinds.

Economy[edit]

DYP City Mall, Kolhapur
Reliance Mega mall at Kolhapur

Manufacturing industry[edit]

Kolhapur has a Higher per capita domestic product than the states average. It has auto-ancillary, Foundry, and Casting industrial establishments which act as supporting industries for Pune and Bangalore industries.[10]

The city is the home of Kolhapuri chappal, a hand-crafted buffalo leather slipper that is locally tanned using vegetable dyes. Kolhapuri slippers are sold on Mahadwar road.[11][12][13] Other handicrafts include: hand block printing of textiles; silver, bead and paste jewellery crafting; pottery; wood carving and lacquerware; brass sheet work and oxidised silver artwork;and lace and embroidery making.[14]

Kolhapur is also an industrial city with approximately 300 foundries producing exports with a value of 15 billion rupees per year.[15] A manufacturing plant of Kirloskar Oil Engines [KOEL] is set up in 5 star MIDC at Kagal near Kolhapur, and the Raymond clothes plant is also located in the same industrial area. Kolhapur has two more industrial areas, Gokul-Shirgaon MIDC, Shiroli MIDC and Shivaji Udyamnagar is an industrial area in the city. Shivaji Udyamnagar has a rich entrepreneurial tradition of more than 100 years and a high skilled artisanship in the area of oil engines.

Kolhapuri jewelry includes a type of necklace called Kolhapuri saaj, patlya (two broad bangles), chinchpeti (choker), tanmani (short necklace), nath (nose ring), and bajuband (an amulet).[16]


Administration and divisions[edit]

Districts, Sub-Divisions and Talukas in Pune Division
Name of Division
(Headquarter)
Sr. No. Districts Administration Sub-Division Taluka Source
Pune Division
HQ=Pune
Districts=5
SubDivisions=31
Talukas=64
1. Kolhapur District HQ-Kolhapur
Sub-Divisions-6
Taluka-12
Panhala District website
Ichalkaranji
Karvir
Radhanagari
Bhudargad
Gadhinglaj
Kolhapur City at night from Rankala lake

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Swami, V.N. (2020). जिल्हा मध्यवर्ती सहकारी बँक भरती परीक्षा मार्गदर्शक [District Central Cooperative Bank Clerk Grade Examination] (in Marathi). Latur, India: Vidyabharti Publication. pp. 85–86.
  2. ^ a b Patil, Eknath (2021). तात्यांचा ठोकळा [Uncle's Box] (in Marathi). Kolhapur, Maharashtra: Spardha Vishwa Publication. p. 265.
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ "District Census 2011 - Kolhapur" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General, India. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Research Gate". 20 August 2017.
  6. ^ "RMaharashtra Human Development Report 2012" (PDF). 20 August 2012.
  7. ^ "C-16 Population By Religion - Maharashtra". census.gov.in.
  8. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Maharashtra". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  9. ^ "AAI proposal to acquire 11ha land for airport soon: MP - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-09-19.
  10. ^ "Kolhapur posts higher per capita domestic product than state's average". 19 March 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2022.
  11. ^ "Kolhapuri chappal to set foot in new markets". Indian Express. 13 June 2000. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Kolhapuri chappals come easy on the pocket now." IBN Live website 17 July 2007. Accessed 21 October 2013.
  13. ^ "Government unveils new trade policy". Indian Express. 5 June 2012. Retrieved 12 September 2017.
  14. ^ "Maharashtra development report." Government of India Planning Commission report. Academic Foundation, 2007 ISBN 9788171885404, Accessed 8 April 2014.
  15. ^ "MIDC to acquire 1,000 acres for Kagal park." Business Standard, 20 December 2006.
  16. ^ "Exploring the Kolhapuri saaj - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2021-12-21.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 16°41′52″N 74°13′31″E / 16.697904°N 74.225369°E / 16.697904; 74.225369