Lutheran Church in Kolka
|Elevation||10 ft (3 m)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 ( EEST)|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Latvia (Livonian Coast)|
|Lutheranism and Russian Orthodox|
|Related ethnic groups|
|other Finnic peoples|
Kolka and other surrounding villages of Livonian coast are home to the last remnants of Latvia's Livonian ethnic group, whose Livonian language is highly endangered. The village has the highest number of Livonians in the historical area of Livonian coast. In 1995, of the 186 Livonians in Latvia, 53 were living in Kolka.
Kolka may be the place where Danish archbishop Absalon built the first church in the Baltic region. The first mentions of it are from 1387, when it was called Domesnes, which may refer to Danish or Finnish background. The Livonian name Kūolka means "corner" in English.
Situated on the cape, the Kolka lighthouse was built in 1864 by Russian Empire navy and has been renovated twice (in 1975 and 1985). There are also ruins of the old lighthouse, which was built in the 14th century.
Kolka has three picturesque old churches (all in service now): Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, and Roman Catholic (the three largest religious groups in Latvia). Kolka also has connection to the Tikhvin icon (Theotokos of Tikhvin), as it is Kolka's Russian Orthodox priest first saved it and his spiritual son later returned it to its original place.
Kolka has a small hotel, a restaurant, several shops, post office, chemist, and petrol station. An old fish processing factory (now closed) is located in the port harbour. There is Liv cultural centre with small museum.
- Provisional results of the 2011 Population and Housing Census Archived 2012-10-08 at the Wayback Machine (in English)
- Toomas Tombu - The Livonians' Estonian
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