Kolka, Latvia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kolka

Livonian: Kūolka
Village
Lutheran Church in Kolka
Kolka is located in Latvia
Kolka
Kolka
Location in Latvia
Coordinates: 57°44′33″N 22°35′04″E / 57.74250°N 22.58444°E / 57.74250; 22.58444Coordinates: 57°44′33″N 22°35′04″E / 57.74250°N 22.58444°E / 57.74250; 22.58444
Country Latvia
MunicipalityDundaga municipality
ParishKolka parish
Elevation
10 ft (3 m)
Population
(2011)
 • Total874
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 ( EEST)
Postal code
LV-3275 Kolka
Livonians
Flag of Livonia.svg
Regions with significant populations
Latvia (Livonian Coast)
 Latvia250[1]
Languages
Livonian, Latvian
Religion
Lutheranism and Russian Orthodox
Related ethnic groups
other Finnic peoples

Kolka (Livonian: Kūolka; Russian: Колка) is a village in Kolka parish, Dundaga municipality, on the tip of Cape Kolka in Courland in Latvia, on the coast of the Gulf of Riga in ancient Livonia.

Livonian homeland[edit]

Kolka and other surrounding villages of Livonian coast are home to the last remnants of Latvia's Livonian ethnic group, whose Livonian language is highly endangered. The village has the highest number of Livonians in the historical area of Livonian coast. In 1995, of the 186 Livonians in Latvia, 53 were living in Kolka.[2]

History[edit]

Kolka may be the place where Danish archbishop Absalon built the first church in the Baltic region. The first mentions of it are from 1387, when it was called Domesnes, which may refer to Danish or Finnish background. The Livonian name Kūolka means "corner" in English.

Situated on the cape, the Kolka lighthouse was built in 1864 by Russian Empire navy and has been renovated twice (in 1975 and 1985). There are also ruins of the old lighthouse, which was built in the 14th century.

Religion[edit]

Former Orthodox seminary and Russian Orthodox church in the background

Kolka has three picturesque old churches (all in service now): Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, and Roman Catholic (the three largest religious groups in Latvia). Kolka also has connection to the Tikhvin icon (Theotokos of Tikhvin), as it is Kolka's Russian Orthodox priest first saved it and his spiritual son later returned it to its original place.

The Theotokos of Tikhvin (by Luke the Evangelist )

Present times[edit]

Kolka has a small hotel, a restaurant, several shops, post office, chemist, and petrol station. An old fish processing factory (now closed) is located in the port harbour. There is Liv cultural centre with small museum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]