Kolkata Metro Line 2
|Kolkata Metro Line 2|
|Locale||Kolkata Metropolitan Area, India|
|Termini||Howrah Maidan (west)|
VIP Road (east) (planned)
|Daily ridership||4 lakhs or 0.47 million by 2015 (projected)|
|Planned opening||July 2019|
|Owner||Kolkata Metro Rail Corporation|
|Operator(s)||Kolkata Metro Rail Corporation|
|Depot(s)||Central Park, Saltlake|
|Rolling stock||Bharat Earth Movers Limited, BEML|
|Line length||16.6 kilometres (10.3 mi)|
Underground : 10.83 kilometres (6.73 mi)
Elevated : 5.77 kilometres (3.59 mi)
Proposes: 15 kilometres (9.3 mi)
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC using third rail|
|Operating speed||80 km/h (designed)|
|Signalling||Communications-based train control|
Kolkata Metro Line 2 (Line 2 or East-West Corridor) is a rapid transit line of the Kolkata Metro currently under construction. It will connect Salt Lake in North 24 Parganas with Howrah by going underneath the Hooghly River/Ganga in the Indian state of West Bengal. It would consist of 17 stations from Haldiram (VIP Road) and Salt Lake Sector V in the east to Howrah Maidan in the west, of which 11 would be elevated and 6 would be underground, with a total distance of 22 km.
- 1 History
- 2 Current status
- 3 Timelines
- 4 List of stations (East to West)
- 5 Infrastructure
- 6 Fare structure
- 7 Environmental Impact
- 8 Proposed Extensions
- 9 Gallery
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The master plan had already identified the corridor way back in 1971. But the experience of India’s first metro and the success of the Delhi metro network contributed to the sanction of the East – West Metro corridor which will connect Howrah Railway Station with the Satellite City of Salt Lake underneath the Hooghly River. In January 2004, Pacific Consultant International Group conducted a feasibility study for the line. The report proposed the route and tubular structures under the Hooghly River.
A new organisation was formed known as Kolkata Metro Rail Corporation Limited (KMRC) which will be executing the operations of this Line thus starting the physical construction in 2009. Of KMRC's eight directors, four each are from the state and central governments. The cost is being shared between the state government (30 per cent), the Union Urban Development Ministry (25 per cent), and the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC) (45 per cent). But as of 2011 most of the share of this project went to Indian Railways with Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC). The project is estimated at a cost of ₹50 billion (US$720 million).
But due to some major set backs the project got delayed. These were mainly due to Land Acquisition, slum relocation and route alignment problems. The East-West Metro was originally slated to be operational by 2012, but is later pushed back to 2015. The project will now be implemented in four phases. The first phase, from Sector V to Salt Lake Stadium, is currently expected to be operational in July 2019. The second phase, till Phoolbagan, will be operational by October 2019. The third phase till Sealdah is slated for being operational by March 2020 and the final phase which includes the journey through the tubular tunnels under the Ganges shall be operational by June 2021.
As of June 2019:
- Elevated Corridor: The elevated section for Phase 1 has been completed, regular trials are in progress.
- Elevated Station : Work on elevated stations have been completed. Now beautification work before commencement of service is being done.
- Tunnel for Phase 1: This section is of 5490 meters and construction have been completed. This section was constructed by ITD-ITD Cementation JV. The underground section between Stadium and Phoolbagan will be inaugurated few months after phase 1. Though completed the section between Phoolbangan and Sealdah will not be in put in operation till the tunnel between Esplanade and Sealdah is complete.
- Underground Stations for Phase 1: Phoolbagan and Sealdah are the underground stations for Phase 1 they are being constructed by cut and cover method. The work at Phoolbagan station has been more or less completed but this station will be inaugurated only in end of 2019 not along with rest of stations in Phase 1. Sealdah station which was supposed to be part of phase 1 is no longer part of phase 1 as this station can only be opened once the TBM from the other side reaches Sealdah (Inauguration date in 2020).
- Tunnel for Phase 2: The section between Sealdah and Mahakaran station was realigned due to the objection of GoWB. Work at Howrah Maidan have started in March 2016. The section between Howrah Maidan and Esplanade station has been built by Afcons – Transtonnelstroy JV team, two tunnel boring machines from Herrenknecht are being used to dig the tunnel. This section passes through the river Hooghly for a distance of 520 meters. The section under the river is at a depth of 30 meters (roof to ground distance) whereas the average roof to ground distance is 17 meters. The Howrah station on the west side of the river will be at a depth of 30 meters. Tunnelling started from Howrah Maidan side. On 23 May one of the TBM named Rachna completed the tunneling under the Hoogly river in 36 days. The other TBM named Prerna also completed the tunnelling work under the river on 21 June 2017. There were some concerns during tunnelling under Brabourne road as the tunnel would pass within 100 meters of heritage structures and there were also many old and dilapidated buildings in this section. KMRC received permission from Archaeological Survey of India in June 2017. Residents and shops in the old building were temporarily shifted and the buildings were reinforced before construction of tunnel. Construction of tunnel till Mahakaran station was completed in November 2017. For the Mahakaran-Esplanade section tunnelling of one of the tunnel have been completed on 23 March 2018 the other tunnel have also been completed by April. In this sections also shops and residents of the buildings have been shifted in phased manner before tunnelling. The Esplanade - Sealdah section will be executed by ITD-ITD Cementation JV and is scheduled to start in May 2018. The Esplanade Sealdah section have been delayed due to detection of steel beams that were left during the construction of North-South Line 1 of Kolkata Metro. NATM tunnelling method is being used to cut the steel beams. This work was over in Feb 2019 and then main tunneling started commence.
- Underground Stations for Phase 2: Construction of Howrah Maidan, Howrah Station, Mahakaran and Esplanade stations have started. The Esplanade station will be intersection of three metro lines, this station have been designed by RITES. At Esplanade the tram depot have been moved and at Mahakaran the existing bus stand have also been moved. Due to closure tram routes at Esplanade and Mahakaran several tram routes had to be stopped.
- Train Depot: Construction, electrical and mechanical work have been completed and it is presently operational.
- Phoolbagan Trial: Trials were conducted in Phoolbagan. This is the first time after 1995 that a metro trial was held underground. The metro started from Central Park depot and went inside the tunnel, stopped at Phoolbagan, and continued forward till Sealdah crosover, 600m away from Sealdah metro station. KMRC said, trials were successful.
- Inauguration delayed: The first operations delayed again due to lack of emergency exits in elevated stations as per Fire Department. But it has now cleared the same for 1 year. All upto CMRS nod for opening to public. 
- 2009: KMRC awards rolling stock contract to Spain’s Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles (CAF).
- 2009: Contract for building the overground stations and viaduct awarded to Gammon and Simplex Infrastructure.
- 2009: Contract for building the underground section from Subhash Sarabor to Central Station awarded to ITD-ITD Cementation JV.
- 2009: Physical Construction of EW corridor starts.
- 2010: Contract for building the underground section from Central to Howrah Maidan awarded to Afcons.
- 2012: Realignment proposed to avoid shifting of 80 families from Bowbazar and hawkers from Brabourne Road.
- 2014: CAF pulls away from KMRC rolling stock contract due to cost escalation.
- 2015: Realignment approved by Railways and JICA in between Sealdah to Howrah station.
- 2015: Subodh Mullick Square station, a key stop in the revised blueprint, done away with to avoid eviction of hawkers.
- 2015: Complete elevated tracks other than 365 meters at Duttabad ready.
- 2016-Feb: Rolling stock contract for 14 rakes having 6 coaches awarded to BEML.
- 2017-Jan: Structural and Roofing work of all elevated stations completed.
- 2017-March: Work starts at 365 meters of elevated section at Duttabad after resettlement of affected household. Elevated section is to be made of steel girders.
- 2017-March: Afcons nicknames the tunnel boring machine as Prerna and Rachna inspired from the names of daughter of their employee.
- 2017-May 23: First TBM completes tunneling the East bound tunnel under the Hoogly river.
- 2017-June 21: Second TBM completes tunneling the West bound tunnel under the river Hoogly.
- 2017-June: Permission received from Archaeological Survey of India for construction of tunnel within 100 meters of three heritage buildings.
- 2017-July: Tram depot at Esplanade shifted to facilitate construction of Metro Station.
- 2017-July: People from 11 buildings in Brebourne Road evacuated in phased manner when the TBM's passes below these old buildings.
- 2017-August: Mini-bus stand at Mahakaran shifted to facilitate the construction of underground station.
- 2017-September: Panasonic Manufacturing and Zhuzhou CRRC Times Electric have been awarded contract of platform screen door on all 12 stations.
- 2017-October: 365 m of elevated section at Duttabad completed using steel girders.
- 2017-December: Tunnelling between Mahakaran station and Esplanade station on going.
- 2017-December: KMRC declares first phase to be in between Sector V and Salt Lake Stadium instead of Phoolbagan to be inaugurated in June 2018.
- 2018-January: Demo coach arrives at Salt Lake Metro Depot. People question its use.
- 2018-February 12: Metro general manager Mr. Ajay Vijayvargiya again postpones opening of first phase from June to September 2018. 
- 2018-February: Constantly KMRC and Railways have postponed the opening of Phase 1 (now new deadline is before October 2018) and truncated the route for Phase 1 from Sealdah to Phoolbagan and now only till Salt lake Sec V.
- 2018-March 23: First TBM named Prerna reaches Esplanade station completing the section from Howrah Maidan to Esplanade. This tunnel will be used by Howrah bound tunnel.
- 2018-Mar 31: BEML delivers first metro train set to KMRC. The train sets to arrive in 20 days. Second train set will be delivered in the end of April.
- 2018-Apr 5: Second TBM completes boring of second tunnel between Howrah Maidan and Esplanade station.
- 2018-Ap 20: First metro rake arrives at Salt Lake Depot. .
- 2018-May 1: The second metro rake from BEML arrives.
- 2018-June 20: First test ride inside depot starts..
- 2018-June 27: Work at Esplanade Sealdah tunnel drilling stalled due to existing steel structure in North South Line.
- 2018-July 4: First trial run between Central Park and Sector V. .
- 2018-July: October deadline of inauguration announced
- 2018-Aug: Tunneling from Esplanade to Sealdah suspend due to detection of underground steel slabs of North South corridor.
- 2018-Aug: Due to fund crunch & other issues, initial run postponed to March 2019.
- 2018-Aug 30: Installation of Platform Screen Doors started in Karunamoyee and Central Park stations.
- 2018-Oct: Trial Runs conducted between Sector V and Salt Lake Stadium stations.
- 2018-Nov: Trial Runs conducted by RDSO between Sector V and Salt Lake Stadium stations.
- 2018-Nov-Dec: Small tunnels being made using NATM method at Esplanade to remove steel beams left during North-South Metro construction in 1980's. ..
- 2019-Jan-25: Tunneling on Esplanade Sealdah section begins. TBM named Chandi starts its initial push from Esplanade station. It will take 12-15 months to complete the tunnelling.
- 2019-Feb-19: Second boring machine named Urvi starts tunnelling from Esplanade station.
- 2019-Apr: Glitches detected during software integration while negotiating curves in line (First phase of the project till Salt Lake Stadium). Glitches have been fixed, and the signalling and communication firm Ansaldo STS has recommended 1000 hours of trial run before commencement of service. 
- 2019-Apr: Inauguration delayed again. Misses April end deadline. New deadline June
- 2019-May: Tunnel boring machine Urvi and Chandi after initial slow start progressing steadily towards Sealdah.
- 2019-May-31: Electrification of third rail and trail run in underground section from Stadium to Phoolbagan. .
- 2019-June-14: Inspection by fire department. Says, inadequate emergency exits in Bengal Chemical & Saltlake Stadium stations.
- 2019-June-15: Gets international safety nod from French certifier.
- 2019-July-3: TBMs Rachna & Prerna successfully taken out from Curzon Park
- 2019-July-7: Fire dept. gives temporary permission (for a year) to the 2 stations, Bengal Chemical & Saltlake Stadium
- 2019-July-18: CRS inspection and safety audit for initial run
List of stations (East to West)
|Line 2 (East-West Corridor)|
|1||Haldiram's/ VIP Road||হলদিরাম'স্/ ভিআইপি রোড||Teghoria||4||Proposed||(Under construction)||Elevated|
|2||Raghunathpur||রঘুনাথপুর||Raghunathpur||Bramhachari Ashram Bus Stop|
|3||Baguiati||বাগুইআটি||Baguiati||Baguiati Jora Mandir Bus stop|
|4||Keshtopur||কেষ্টপুর||Kestopur||Keshtopur Bus Stop|
|6||Saltlake Sector V||সল্টলেক সেক্টর V||Bidhannagar||1||Trials in progress||(Under Construction)||Located near IT Hub of Kolkata|
|7||Karunamoyee||করুণাময়ী||International bus terminus|
|8||Central Park||সেন্ট্রাল পার্ক|| Bikash Bhawan Bus Stand
Sech Bhawan Bus Stop
|9||City Center||সিটি সেন্টার||City Centre Bus Stop||Located near Bidhannagar College|
|10||Bengal Chemical||বেঙ্গল কেমিক্যালস|
|11||Salt Lake Stadium||সল্ট লেক স্টেডিয়াম||Apollo Hospital Bus Stop||Serving Salt Lake Stadium|
|12||Phoolbagan||ফুলবাগান||Phoolbagan||2||Phoolbagan Minibus Stand||Underground|
|13||Sealdah||শিয়ালদহ||Sealdah||3||Under construction||Sealdah Station||Interchange with local suburban and national rail services|
|International Bus Terminus|
|15||New Mahakaran||নিউ মহাকরণ||B. B. D. Bagh|
|16||Howrah||হাওড়া||Howrah||Interchange with local suburban and national rail services|
|17||Howrah Maidan||হাওড়া ময়দান|
All the stations in this line will be equipped with Platform Screen Doors to keep people away from the tracks. Mott MacDonald is the detailed design consultant for all the elevated stations, whereas Lee Harris Pomeroy Architects have designed all the underground stations. Out of the 6 underground stations, 3 will be built by ITD Cementation, a part of Italian-Thai Development Public Company and the other 3 will be built by Afcons including the 520 meters underwater stretch. All the elevated stations will be built by Kolkata based Simplex Infrastructure ltd.
Escalators and elevators
Ninety escalators and forty elevators are to be installed at different levels in the line to facilitate smooth mobility of passengers including physically challenged & aged persons. LOA for installation of forty-one escalators and twenty-six elevators for 8 nos. stations of Phase-I has been awarded.
Tunnel Ventilation System (TVS)
TVS shall provide a means to control smoke flow and ensure safe evacuation of passengers in case of fire as well as maintain an acceptable environment in the tunnel and station track way. Tender for the TVS was invited and the bids of eligible tenderers are being evaluated.
Platform Screen Doors (PSDs)
PSDs are a system of full height/half height motorised sliding doors that provide controlled access to the trains and protect the platform edge. PSD work for 6 elevated and 1 underground station have been completed.
Electrification, Signalling & Automatic Fare Collection
The line will have two types of signalling equipment supplied by ANSALDO STS . One will feature cab signalling and continuous automatic train control with automatic train protection. The other signalling equipment will include an integrated system featuring fibre optic cable, SCADA, radios and a PA system. The line will also have a train information system, control telephones and a centralised clock system. Contract for AFC works has been awarded to M/s. Indra Sistemas SA (Spain).
Unlike the north-south corridor, the east-west metro will run from 5 am to 11 pm at a frequency of 2.5 minutes during peak hours and 5 minutes during non-peak hours. But in phase 1 operations, the frequency will be 20 minutes, and each will stop for 20 seconds in each station.
CAF in collaboration with Melco was to supply 14 trains for this line. The 14 rakes were acquired at a cost of approximately €110m ₹6 billion (US$87 million). Each rake will compose of 6 coaches having a capacity of 2068 people per train. The maximum speed of the train will be 90 km/h. The first lot of trains was to be manufactured in Spain and imported to Kolkata in November 2014. The next lot was to be manufactured in India. However, the tender was cancelled by KMRC due to technical reasons and excessive delay in project. And a re-tender was issued in July 2015. BEML emerged as the only bidder in the fourth round of bidding for providing rolling stock. Thus, the contract for providing the rakes was awarded to BEML. BEML have earlier provided rakes for Delhi and Bangalore Metro. Fourteen rakes, each with six coaches, were ordered. Out of fourteen, eleven rakes are already received by KMRC.
The following is the zones and fare for a single journey tokens as well as for a Smart Card w.e.f. 15.02.2019
|Zone||Distance (KM)||Fare (₹)|
|I||0 – 2||5.00|
|II||> 2 – 5||10.00|
|III||> 5 – 10||20.00|
|IV||> 10 - 20||30.00|
The elevated section that has been constructed at SaltLake( Bidhannagar) was earlier flanked with trees at the central meridian. All the trees have been felled for the purpose of building the elevated viaduct. There has been no report if adequate re-plantation have been done to compensate the felling of trees. The Central park train depot have come up in Central Park, which was earlier a thickly wooded area. Almost 30% of Central Park which is the lungs of the eastern park of the city have been occupied for building the train depot. Other parts of central park have been used to create cricket and football sports centre, swimming pool, bus stand, fair ground, underground water storage facility and most appalling a convention hall.
The West Bengal government have proposed an extension to the East-West metro line. In this proposal the East-West Metro will be connected again to the Airport-New Garia Metro in Haldiram's stoppage. According to this proposal the East-West Metro will have 3 terminating stations at Howrah Maidan, Sector V and the proposed Haldiram's station. At Haldiram's, it will be connected to the Airport-New Garia metro route and interconnection facilities will be present. The extension and the present route will converge at the Central Park Station. The proposed extension is under study and it will need several clearances before being implemented. A 10 km East-West Metro extension project from Howrah Maidan to Santragachi bus terminus has been proposed. Rites, the implementing agency for this project, is set to start work on the corridor early in 2017.
- Kolkata Metro
- List of Kolkata metro stations
- Kolkata Metro Rolling Stock
- List of rapid transit systems
- Trams in Kolkata
- Kolkata Lightrail
- Kolkata Monorail
- Kolkata Suburban Railway
- "Another deadline delay for East-West Metro".
- UK, DVV Media. "CAF to supply Kolkata metro trains".
- "East-West Metro gets new boss". The Telegraph.
- "East-West Metro's route likely to change". Business Standard.
- Pramanik, Abhishek Law, Ayan (17 July 2012). "Kolkata Metro inks purchase pact for coaches for East-West corridor".
- Jun 7, Ajanta Chakraborty | TNN | Updated:; 2019; Ist, 10:30. "Kolkata: Fire department recommends additional exits at Bengal Chemical, Salt Lake Stadium metro stations | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
- "Metro to connect Sector V to Salt Lake Stadium soon". Millennium Post.
- "First look at East-West Metro rake". The Telegraph .
- "East West Metro's six-car rake takes first test run at depot". The Times of India .
- "E-W Metro ready for trial run between Central Park & Sec V". The Times of India .
- "Calcutta Metro's slow-mo stretch". The Telegraph .
- "Another eight joists to be removed before TBMs restart". The Times of India .
- "Firm insists on 1000 hours of trial for glitch-free Metro". The Telegraph .
- "Kolkata: Underground trials at Phoolbagan on Friday". The Times of India .
- Jul 7, Ajanta Chakraborty | TNN | Updated:; 2019; Ist, 11:09. "Two East-West Kolkata Metro stations get fire nod for a year | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 7 July 2019.
- "Union Rail Budget 2019".
- "East-West eyes Airport".
- "Mott MacDonald is detailed design consultant on Salt Lake City Stations". Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "Railway Technology". Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- "REVIEW OF ANNUAL REPORT AND AUDITED ACCOUNTS OF KOLKATA METRO RAIL CORPORATION LIMITED (KMRCL) FOR THE YEAR 2016-17" (PDF). line feed character in
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- "Kolkata East West Metro". Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- Jun 11, Ajanta Chakraborty | TNN | Updated:; 2019; Ist, 6:46. "Kolkata East-West Metro trains to ply every 20 mins, stop for 20 secs at each station | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
- "Kolkata loses Spanish Rides". The Telegraph.
- "Bid saves Metro blushes". The Telegraph (Calcutta).
- "Central PSU wins Rs 900-crore Metro rake order". The Times of India.
- "East-West eyes easy route to airport". The Telegraph (Calcutta).
- "2017 start for Howrah EW Metro". The Times of India.