Koltsovo, Novosibirsk Oblast

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Work settlement
Биотехнопарк, Кольцово 01.jpg
Flag of Koltsovo
Location of Koltsovo
Koltsovo is located in Russia
Location of Koltsovo
Koltsovo is located in Novosibirsk Oblast
Koltsovo (Novosibirsk Oblast)
Coordinates: 54°56′20″N 83°11′00″E / 54.93889°N 83.18333°E / 54.93889; 83.18333Coordinates: 54°56′20″N 83°11′00″E / 54.93889°N 83.18333°E / 54.93889; 83.18333
Federal subjectNovosibirsk Oblast[1]
Administrative districtNovosibirsky District[1]
FoundedAugust 30, 1979
 • Total6.5 km2 (2.5 sq mi)
200 m (700 ft)
 • Total12,319
 • Estimate 
16,467 (+33.7%)
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
 • Urban okrugKoltsovo Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofKoltsovo Urban Okrug[5]
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
630559Edit this on Wikidata
Dialing code(s)+7 383
OKTMO ID50740000051

Koltsovo (Russian: Кольцо́во) is an urban locality (a work settlement) in Novosibirsky District of Novosibirsk Oblast, Russia, located about 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) northeast of Akademgorodok and 20 kilometers (12 mi) southeast of Novosibirsk's center. Population: 15,795;[8] 12,319 (2010 Census);[3] 9,570 (2002 Census);[9] 7,946 (1989 Census).[10]. Total area: 18,8 km2.[11] Koltsovo is a Science town (Naukograd) of the Russian Federation.


The history of Koltsovo began in 1974 and is inseparably linked with the creation of the State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology VECTOR, an institute specialized in the study of especially dangerous viruses. The settlement, initially established as the home for the institute was named after famous Soviet biologist, cytologist and geneticist Nikolai Koltsov.[12]

In 1990 (or 1989), the village of Novoborsk became the new microdistrict of Koltsovo. Previously, this settlement was part of Baryshevsky Selsoviet.[13][14]

On January 17, 2003, Koltsovo was granted naukograd (science town) status, which it is to retain until the end of 2025. The status is granted to the cities with high concentrations of scientific research and production capabilities. Koltsovo received its status by Russian President order no.45 of January 17, 2003.[15]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Koltsovo is subordinated to Novosibirsky District.[1] As a municipal division, Koltsovo is incorporated separately as Koltsovo Urban Okrug.[5]

Science and business[edit]

Since its creation Koltsovo has been developing as a center of biotechnology, molecular biology and virology. For instance, Koltsovo’s Institute Vector is one of two places in the world which is an official repository of smallpox. The second smallpox store resides at the Center for Diseases Control and Prevention in Atlanta, Georgia.

The science-driven business of the Science town has always been nurtured by research conducted by Vector specialists. The first wave of commercialization of Vector developments took place in the 1990s and was sustained by the Vector director Lev Sandakchiev. A number of research spin-offs were created at that period, including Vector-Medica, Vector-Best, Vector-Bialgam, ImDi, which are currently among the most prominent innovation enterprises in Koltsovo.

The research conducted in Koltsovo includes such top-notch developments, such as vaccines against breast cancer,[16] hepatitis A and A+B,[17] therapeutic HIV Vaccine and vaccine against pandemic H1N1 influenza;[18] test-systems for early diagnostics of cancer, infectious diseases, TORCH-infections, zoonosis infections, hepatitis C, as well as dangerous deathly viruses such as Ebola, Marburg, Machupo, Lassa, dengue and yellow fever.[19]

Koltsovo also has a number of companies active in functional food production, such as liquid probiotics with 100% content of bifidumbacteria, muesli enriched with probiotics, products based on pure extracts of pine and fir, different types of food supplements.[20]

Not only virology and biotechnology in different aspects attract attention of researchers from Koltsovo.[21] Koltsovo is a home to a large IT company Center of Financial Technologies, software developer for financial, healthcare and public sectors, known for its creation of the Russian payment system Zolotaya Korona.

Koltsovo has an infrastructure for science-driven business, including:

  1. Innovation center Koltsovo, a non-for-profit organization established in 2000 in order to assist the start and development of local innovation business[22]
  2. Business-incubator Koltsovo, established in 2006, which rents offices to innovation start-ups on beneficial conditions[23]
  3. BioTechnopark Koltsovo, opened in 2011, is an area of 114 hectares aimed for location of production and R&D premises of biotech companies.[24] The BioTechnopark Koltsovo shall launch a Joint usage center in September 2014 which will serve as a certification and production center for BioTech start-ups, as well as a location for classes of the new Master’s program on biotechnology, launched jointly by Vector and Novosibirsk State University.[25]

In 2013 the Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation has adopted the creation of a joint BioPharma and IT cluster in Novosibirsk region with the BioPharma centered in Koltsovo.[26] In 2014 35 companies of Koltsovo, as well as biotech companies from Akademgorodok and Berdsk have created a non-profit partnership BioPharm as an instrument for fostering cooperation and interests protection.[27]

On September 16, 2019, an explosion occurred in a decontamination room on the fifth floor of a six story building at the laboratory complex. At the time, the area was being renovated, and purportedly there were no biohazard substances in the room. Windows were blown out and one contractor was sent to intensive care at a hospital with severe burns. The lab management assured the World Health Organization that the smallpox repository had not been impacted by the event.[28] However, in a worse case scenario, this does not rule out the possibility that some form of pathogens might have been dispersed by the blast.[29]

Society and economy[edit]

View of Koltsovo

Koltsovo is the least populated naukograd in Russia, but it takes the lead among other naukograds in tax revenue, volume of produced innovation products, residential construction, and birth rate.[30] Koltsovo is surrounded by coniferous and birch trees. The apartment buildings are alternated by green plantations. The location of the Science town, its vicinity to Novosibirsk and the adjacent science center Akademgorodok, create a special ambiance and energy from business and social life.[original research?] Since 2006 in Koltsovo 4 new neighborhoods have been constructed and the 5th is planned to be built in the next 5 years.[when?][31] It provides population growth as well as high birth rate in Koltsovo. Koltsovo has a high-level medical complex, including a refurbished policlinic with new center for rehabilitation for children with cerebral palsy,[32] schools, including a boarding school with specialisation in biotechnology,[33] kindergartens, recreation centers, a recently refurbished art school,[34] trading centers, drug stores, market, cafés, and a hotel. Koltsovo Park offers downhill skiing in winter and fishing and horse riding in summer.[35] Koltsovo has a stadium, refurbished in 2008, with running tracks, tennis court, football and volleyball fields.[36] The social life thrives[original research?] with guest performances of Novosibirsk theaters and concerts. The Youth Parliament,[37] which implements social projects, was organized by students living in Koltsovo.

International cooperation[edit]

Koltsovo actively develops international cooperation. The Science town is often visited by business and scientific delegations from European and Asian countries, such as Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Norway, China, Thailand and others. Koltsovo business often sets on company missions abroad, to countries like Finland, Greece, Germany and others. The international cooperation is sustained by Municipality of Koltsovo and Innovation center Koltsovo.



  1. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 50 240 552», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 50 240 552, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  2. ^ 31 июля 2007 г. «Реестр населённых пунктов Новосибирской области». (July 31, 2007 Registry of the Inhabited Localities of Novosibirsk Oblast. ).
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #200-OZ
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Подсчитано точное количество жителей Кольцово/ Accurate number of Koltsovo citizens calculated http://www.naukogradpress.ru/zdorovie/2013/07/14/podschitano-tochnoe-kolichestvo-zhitelej-kol-tsovo/
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ Official Koltsovo website data: http://kolcovo.ru/
  12. ^ Milton Leitenberg,Raymond A Zilinskas,Jens H Kuhn, The Soviet Biological Weapons Program: a history, Harvard University Press, 2012
  13. ^ Юбилей наукограда Кольцово. Вечерний Новосибирск. Anniversary of Koltsovo Naukograd. Vecherny Novosibirsk. August 29, 2009.
  14. ^ Посёлок городского типа Кольцово. Библиотека сибирского краеведения. Urban-type settlement of Koltsovo. Library of Siberian Local History.
  15. ^ Указ Президента РФ от 17 января 2003 г. N 45, о присвоении статуса наукограда Российской Федерации рабочему поселку Кольцово Новосибирской области/ Russian Federation Presiden Order no.45 of January 17, 2003 on granting the status of Naukograd to the work settlement Koltsovo of Novosibirsk oblast
  16. ^ Novosibirsk company to start clinical trials of cancer vaccine: http://en.sib.fm/news/2013/10/04/novosibirsk-company-to-start-clinical-trials-of-cancer-vaccine
  17. ^ В Кольцово открывается производство вакцин против гепатита / Koltsovo to launch A hepatitis vaccines production http://academ.info/news/10077
  18. ^ ученым «Вектора» разрешили продолжить испытания вакцины от ВИЧ / Vector scientists to continue HIV vaccine trials: http://news.ngs.ru/more/1643888/
  19. ^ Тест-системы, разработанные в наукограде Кольцово, применят на Олимпиаде в Сочи / Test-systems developed in Koltsovo used at Olympics in Sochi http://gmpnews.ru/2014/02/test-sistemy-razrabotannye-v-naukograde-kolcovo-primenyat-na-olimpiade-v-sochi/
  20. ^ Наукоград Кольцово представит на выставке полезные продукты / Science town Koltsovo to present useful products at the fair "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 24, 2014. Retrieved April 24, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ Mushrooms destroy HIV and flu viruses — Novosibirsk VECTOR centre http://en.sib.fm/news/2013/09/23/mushrooms-destroy-hiv-and-flu-viruses--novosibirsk-vector-centre
  22. ^ Innovation center Koltsovo Official website: http://ick-rttn.ru
  23. ^ Business incubator Koltsovo: http://www.kolcovo.ru/Naukograd/INFS/BI/
  24. ^ Biotechnopark Koltsovo Official website: http://www.btp-nso.ru/
  25. ^ Открытие кольцовского Центра коллективного пользования откладывается на сентябрь / Opening of center of collective usage postponed till September http://www.naukogradpress.ru/tehnologii/2014/04/04/otkladyvaetsya-otkrytie-koltsovskogo-tsentra-kollektivnogo-polzovaniya/
  26. ^ В Кольцово создадут объединенный IT-биофармацевтический кластер/ Koltsovo creates a joint IT-BioPharma cluster http://sibkray.ru/news/3/400411/
  27. ^ В Кольцово создано партнерство «Биофарм» / BioPharm partnership created in Koltsovo http://www.naukogradpress.ru/tehnologii/2014/02/15/v-koltsovo-sozdano-partnerstvo-biofarm/
  28. ^ Lentzos, Filippa (November 27, 2019). "What happened after an explosion at a Russian disease research lab called VECTOR?". Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Retrieved April 25, 2020.
  29. ^ MacIntyre, C. Raina; Doolan, Con; De SIlva, Charitha. "The explosion at Vector: hoping for the best while preparing for the worst". Retrieved April 25, 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  30. ^ Красников «у нас самая высокая в области рождаемость» | Krasnikov: we have the highest birth rate in the region http://newsib.net/index.php?newsid=81316181
  31. ^ Строительная фирма Проспект построит в Кольцово новый микрорайон / Construction company Prospect will build a new neighborhood in Koltsovo http://tayga.info/releases/2014/02/10/~115449
  32. ^ В Кольцово появится уникальный центр реабилитации пациентов с детским церебральным параличом / Koltsovo to have a unique center for rehabilitation for kids with infantile cerebral paralysis : "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  33. ^ Biotechnological boarding school, Official website: http://biolicey21.ru/
  34. ^ В Кольцово школа искусств переехала в отремонтированное здание / Art school moved to a new building in Koltsovo http://www.bn.ru/novosibirskaya-oblast/news/2013/06/25/113710.html
  35. ^ Park Koltsovo, official website: http://park-kolcovo.ru//
  36. ^ Koltsovo Stadium: http://kolcovo.ru/SocialSphere/Sport/stadion.php
  37. ^ Koltsovo Youth Parliament, official website: http://kolcovo.ru/SocialSphere/MolParlament


  • Новосибирский областной Совет депутатов. Закон №200-ОЗ от 2 июня 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Новосибирской области», в ред. Закона №548-ОЗ от 29 апреля 2015 г. «Об упразднении посёлка Ивановка муниципального образования Чувашинского сельсовета Северного района Новосибирской области и о внесении изменения в статью 4 Закона Новосибирской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Новосибирской области"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Советская Сибирь", №108, 9 июня 2004 г. (Novosibirsk Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #200-OZ of June 2, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Novosibirsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #548-OZ of April 29, 2015 On Abolishing the Settlement of Ivanovka in the Municipal Formation of Chuvashinsky Selsoviet of Severny District of Novosibirsk Oblast and on Amending Article 4 of the Law of Novosibirsk Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Novosibirsk Oblast". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]