Komárom-Esztergom County

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Komárom-Esztergom County
Komárom-Esztergom megye
Gerecse Mountains
Szelim cave
Turul Monument
Descending, from top: ramsons in the Gerecse Mountains, Szelim cave, and Turul Monument in Tatabánya
Flag of Komárom-Esztergom County
Coat of arms of Komárom-Esztergom County
Komárom-Esztergom County within Hungary
Komárom-Esztergom County within Hungary
Country Hungary
RegionCentral Transdanubia
County seatTatabánya
Districts
Government
 • President of the General AssemblyGyörgy Popovics (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total2,264.52 km2 (874.34 sq mi)
Area rank19th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
 • Total299,110[1]
 • Rank15th in Hungary
Postal code
2027 – 2028, 2067, 25xx, 28xx – 29xx
Area code(s)(+36) 33, 34
ISO 3166 codeHU-KE
Websitewww.kemoh.hu

Komárom-Esztergom (Hungarian: Komárom-Esztergom megye, pronounced [ˈkomaːrom ˈɛstɛrɡom]; German: Komitat Komorn-Gran; Slovak: Komárňansko-ostrihomská župa) is an administrative Hungarian county in Central Transdanubia Region; its shares its northern border the Danube with Slovakia. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties of Győr-Moson-Sopron, Veszprém, Fejér and Pest and the Slovakian Nitra Region (Nové Zámky District, Komárno District). Its county seat is Tatabánya.

History[edit]

Middle Ages[edit]

The predecessor of Komárom Esztergom County, Komárom county and Esztergom county were founded by Stephen I of Hungary. Both counties had parts that now belong to Slovakia. Throughout their history the borders of the two counties were frequently modified, and they were merged several times as well. When the castle of Esztergom was captured by the Ottomans in 1543, the leadership of the county fled from there. The castles of Érsekújvár, Komárom, and Tata were the three border castles stopping the Ottoman conquest for long decades. During the Ottoman occupation of Hungary, Esztergom became the center of a sanjak spanning across several counties. Komárom county on the other hand was continuously functioning, its castle was never captured by the conquering armies. The general assembly of nobles in Esztergom county was reintroduced after the liberation of the city from the Ottomans, by armies led by John III Sobieski in 1696. The assembly was dissolved in both counties during Rákóczi's War of Independence, and then it was reformed after the war, in Esztergom county in 1710 and in Komárom county in 1712.

Esztergom county was one of the two counties in which the leadership consisted of common nobles and not religious and political leaders (the other one being Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun county). They were not granted the rank of lord-lieutenant unlike the leaders of other counties; they could only acquire vice-ispán and other lower ranks. The two counties were first merged in 1786 by Joseph II, with the new center being Tata. The merged county was separated after his death in 1790, and both Esztergom and Komárom were granted the rank of county center. The noble leadership was replaced by county commissions in both counties in May 1848. The county commission of Komárom county functioned until the end of the war of independence of 1848-1849, but the commission of Esztergom county was disrupted by the occupation of imperial troops on 15 January 1849. After the war the leadership of the counties was headed by Imperial–royal commissioners. In 1851 the parts of the counties that lay on the souther bank of the Danube were reorganized as Esztergom county with Esztergom as its center, and the parts on the northern bank were reorganized as Komárom county with Komárom as its center. These reformed counties only existed until 1860. After that the county commissions elected in 1848 restored them to their previous state. Towards the end of the 19th century, two towns in Komárom county — Lábatlan and Piszke — were added to Esztergom county, during the reorganization of counties in 1876.

20th century[edit]

In January 1919 the Czechoslovak Legion occupied the towns of Párkány and Komárom on the northern bank of the Danube. The workers' council and directory of Esztergom county were formed in its county center, while the directory of Komárom county was formed in New Komárom on the southern bank of the Danube.

After the Treaty of Trianon the northern parts of the two counties became parts of Czechoslovakia. After the treaty 44 villages from the former Komárom county and 22 towns from the former Esztergom county stayed in Hungary. In 1923 the two counties were merged under the name "Administratively pre-merged county of Komárom and Esztergom". After the First Vienna Award in 1938, the two counties were restored to their former size. The size of Komárom county also increased significantly because the area of Csallóköz, which previously belonged to Pozsony county, was also added to it, so it consisted of six districts now, as opposed to the previous four.

As a consequence of the temporary armistice following World War II the 1937 borders of the country were restored. Due to this a temporary administrative reorganization was conducted, where the previous Komárom and Esztergom counties were now merged for a last time under the name Komárom-Esztergom county.

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Komárom-Esztergom County (2011 census)

  Catholic Church (36.3%)
  Calvinism (10.0%)
  Lutheranism (1.5%)
  Other religions (1.3%)
  Non-religious (20.2%)
  Atheists (1.4%)
  Undeclared (28.9%)

In 2015, it had a population of 299,110 and the population density was 132/km².

Year County population[2] Change
1949 220,914 n/a
1960 Increase 270,810 22.59%
1970 Increase 304,461 12.43%
1980 Increase 322,893 (record) 6.05%
1990 Decrease 316,984 -1.83%
2001 Decrease 316,590 -0.12%
2011 Decrease 304,568 -3.80%

Ethnicity[edit]

Hungarians constitute the majority of the population. The chief minorities are ethnic Germans (approx. 9,000), Roma (4,000) and Slovaks (3,000).

Total population (2011 census): 304,568
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[3] Identified themselves: 270 933 persons:

Approx. 48,000 persons in Komárom-Esztergom County did not declare an ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion[edit]

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[4]

Regional structure[edit]

Districts of Komárom-Esztergom County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Esztergom District
Esztergomi járás
537.26 93,784 175 Esztergom 24
2 Kisbér District
Kisbéri járás
510.55 20,284 40 Kisbér 17
3 Komárom District
Komáromi járás
378.78 39,863 105 Komárom 9
4 Oroszlány District
Oroszlányi járás
199.39 26,163 131 Oroszlány 6
5 Tatabánya District
Tatabányai járás
331.65 85,691 258 Tatabánya 10
6 Tata District
Tatai járás
306.71 38,783 126 Tata 10
Komárom-Esztergom County 2,264.52 304,568 130 Tatabánya 76

Politics[edit]

Countyhall of Komárom-Esztergom.

The Komárom-Esztergom County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 15 counselors, with the following party composition:[5]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 9                  
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 3                  
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 2                  
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 1                  

Presidents of the General Assembly[edit]

List of Presidents, from 1990[6]
György Popovics (Fidesz-KDNP) 2014–

Municipalities[edit]

Komárom-Esztergom County has 1 urban county, 11 towns, 3 large villages and 61 villages.

The county is ranked second in terms of population density among counties in Hungary: 66% of people live in towns.

Cities with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ nepesseg.com, population data of Hungarian settlements
  2. ^ népesség.com, "Komárom-Esztergom megye népessége 1870-2015"
  3. ^ 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  4. ^ 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.12 Komárom-Esztergom megye, (in Hungarian) [1]
  5. ^ Komárom-Esztergom Megyei Közgyûlés, (in Hungarian) [2]
  6. ^ Önkormányzati választások eredményei (in Hungarian)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°35′N 18°20′E / 47.583°N 18.333°E / 47.583; 18.333