Kom language (India)
|15,000 (2001 census)|
Kom is a Kukish language of India. Kohlreng is usually considered a dialect of Kom, but may be a distinct language. Speakers of Kom live in the hilly provinces of Northeastern India. The dialect of Manipur has at least partial mutual intelligibility with the other Kukish dialects of the area, including Thadou, Hmar, Vaiphei, Simte, Paite, and Gangte languages. Aimol, Koireng and Chiru speakers also understand Kom.
Speakers of Kom are found in the northeastern Indian states of Manipur, Nagaland, Assam, and Tripura. The majority of the population lives in eastern and central Manipur, concentrated in 22 villages located in Churachandpur district, Tamenglong district, Senapati district, and Bishenpur district (Ethnologue). In Devi (2011:81), these 22 villages are listed as Sinam Kom, Theiyong Kom, Laikot Kom, Ichum Kom, Kom Keirap, Khoirentak, Sagang, Luikhumbi, Lallumbung, Mantak, Tuiringkhaison, Samulamlan, Chinglanmei, Bungsalane, Lananphai, Ngairong, Mungrushi, Sambangyan, Tonsen tampak, and Khulen.
Devi (2011:80) lists some important Kom villages and localities as:
- Makokching, Saikul, and Sinam-Kom of Senapati District
- K.R. Lane of Imphal
- Kharam, Ichum of Imphal West District
- Theiong of Imphal East District
- Sengpanjar, Kangathai, Khoirentak, and Kom-keirap of Bishnupur District
- Greater Sagang of Churachandpur District
- Tonsen and Mahou-tera of Chandel District
- Mantak of Thoubal District
Kom is a tonal language with three tones.
- Kom at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kom (India)". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Singh, Chungkham Yashawanta (1995). "The linguistic situation in Manipur" (PDF). Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area. 18 (1): 129–134. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
- Devi, Ch. Sarajubala. 2011. "Linguistic Ecology of Kom." In Singh, Shailendra Kumar (ed). Linguistic Ecology of Manipur. Guwahati: EBH Publishers.