Komaki

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Komaki

小牧市
Komakiyama.JPG
Mount Komaki from Mount Miroku.jpg
Upper:Komaki Castle
Lower:Komaki Skyline
Flag of Komaki
Flag
Official seal of Komaki
Seal
Location of Komaki in Aichi Prefecture
Location of Komaki in Aichi Prefecture
Komaki is located in Japan
Komaki
Komaki
 
Coordinates: 35°17′27.6″N 136°54′43.6″E / 35.291000°N 136.912111°E / 35.291000; 136.912111Coordinates: 35°17′27.6″N 136°54′43.6″E / 35.291000°N 136.912111°E / 35.291000; 136.912111
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureAichi
Government
 • - MayorSuzuo Yamashita
Area
 • Total62.81 km2 (24.25 sq mi)
Population
 (October 2019)
 • Total153,138
 • Density2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeTabunoki (Machilus thunbergii)
- FlowerAzalea
Phone number0568-72-2101
Address1-1 Horinouchi, Komaki-shi, Aichi-ken 485-8650
WebsiteOfficial website
Komaki City hall (north)
Komaki City hall (south)

Komaki (小牧市, Komaki-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 153,138 in 68,174 households [1], and a population density of 2400 persons per km². The total area of the city was 62.82 square kilometres (24.25 sq mi).

Komaki is commonly associated with the former Komaki Airport, which is located on the border between Komaki and neighboring Kasugai.

Geography[edit]

Komaki is located in the middle of the Nōbi Plain, west-central Aichi Prefecture, north of the Nagoya metropolis. The city skyline is dominated by Mount Komaki, which is topped with Komaki Castle.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[2] the population of Komaki has increased rapidly over the past 60 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 43,470—    
1970 79,606+83.1%
1980 103,233+29.7%
1990 124,441+20.5%
2000 143,122+15.0%
2010 147,059+2.8%

Climate[edit]

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Komaki is 15.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1769 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 28.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.2 °C.[3]

History[edit]

Archaeological remains from the Japanese Paleolithic through Yayoi period have been found in what is now Komaki, and burial tumuli from the Kofun period are also common. During the Sengoku period, Oda Nobunaga used Komaki Castle as his headquarters from which he launched his invasion of Mino Province and later the area surrounding Mount Komaki was the site of the Battle of Komaki and Nagakute in 1584. It was part of the holdings of Owari Domain during the Edo period, and prospered as a post town on the route connecting Nagoya with the Nakasendō highway. During the Meiji period establishment of the modern municipalities system, the area was organized into villages under Higashikasugai District, Aichi. Komaki was proclaimed a town on July 16, 1906 through the merger of four villages. Komaki was raised to city status on January 1, 1955, after merging with the village of Kitasato in Nishikasugai District, Aichi.

Government[edit]

Komaki has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 25 members. The city contributes two members to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 6 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

Komaki has a mixed economy, with agriculture (rice and horticulture), commence, and light manufacturing industries playing important roles. Due to its highway connections with the Nagoya metropolis, it is also becoming a bedroom community.

Sumitomo Riko (Previously known as Tokai Gomme), a global rubber and synthetic resin products manufacturing company, whose automotive anti-vibration components hold the largest global market share, has its headquarters in the city.[4] Komaki's GDP per capita (Nominal) was $48,773 in 2014.($1=\120.13)[5][6]

Education[edit]

Universities and Colleges
Elementary and secondary education

Komaki has 16 public elementary schools and nine public junior high schools operated by the city government, and three public high schools operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education. There is also one private high school. The prefecture also operates one special education school for the handicapped.

International School

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Railways[edit]

Meitetsu logomark 2.svg MeitetsuKomaki Line

The Peachliner, formally the Tōkadai Shin-kōtsū Peach Liner (桃花台新交通ピーチライナー) was a people mover which operated from 1991 until September 30, 2006, when it became the first people-mover system in Japan to cease operations.[8]

Expressways[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Each year, Wyandotte and Komaki have an exchange student program, allowing students to be hosted by a family in the other city.

Local attractions[edit]

Komaki Central Public Hall
Historic sites
  • Mount Komaki (Komaki Castle)
  • Ryūon@ji temple(Mama Kannon)
  • Tagata Jinja
  • Komaki shuku (Kishida house)
  • Iwaya Kofun
  • Shinooka Kiln ruins
Parks
  • Menard Art Museum
  • Shimin Shiki no Mori
  • Komaki Municipal Baseball Stadium
  • Park Arena Komaki

Festivals[edit]

Noted people from Komaki[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Komaki City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ Komaki population statistics
  3. ^ Komaki climate data
  4. ^ "Domestic production and sales bases." Sumitomo Riko. Retrieved on January 28, 2015.
  5. ^ "市民所得" (PDF).
  6. ^ "Komaki Population(December 2014)".
  7. ^ "Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão" (Archive). Embassy of Brazil in Tokyo. February 7, 2008. Retrieved on October 13, 2015.
  8. ^ Peachliner home page (in Japanese)
  9. ^ "US-Japan Sister Cities by State". Asia Matters for America. Honolulu, HI: East-West Center. Retrieved 20 November 2015.
  10. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 24 December 2015. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External links[edit]