Komaram Bheem

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Komaram Bheem
Komaram Bheem.jpg
Komaram Bheem
Born22 October 1901 [1]
Sankepalli Village, Adilabad District, Telangana
Died24 October 1940

Komaram Bheem (22 October 1901 – 27 October 1940) was a tribal leader who fought against the Asaf Jahi Dynasty for the liberation of Hyderabad.[2] Komaram Bheem openly fought against the ruling Nizam government in a guerrilla campaign. He defied courts, laws, and any other form of Nizam authority, living off the sustenance of the forest. He took up arms against Nizam Nawab's soldiers, and fought Babi Jhari until his last breath.[3][4][5] His life history was written originally by the comrade leader of Telangana Rebellion, Puchalapalli Sundariah.

Life[edit]

Bheem was born into a family of Gond Tribals (Koitur) in the forests of Komaram Bheem Asifabad district (formerly part of Adilabad district) in the state of Telangana. He was not exposed to the outside world and did not have any formal education.[6] Komaram Bheem was barely 15 years when his father was killed by forest officials for asserting Adivasis’ rights. After the death of his father, Bheem's family migrated to Surdhapur village.

Mypathi Arun Kumar in his book narrates, “Bheem grew up listening to stories of exploitaion of Gond and Kolam Adivasis by Janglaat Police, businessmen, and zamindars. In order to survive, Bheem kept moving from one place to other trying to protect himself from exploitation of businessmen and extortion of officials. Crops produced after Podu farming, were taken away by Nizam officials, Janglaats arguing that the land was theirs. They’d cut fingers of Adivasi children, accusing them of illegaly cutting down trees. Tax were collected forcefully, otherwise false cases were registered. After being left with nothing in hand from farming, people had started moving out of their villages. In such situation, his father was killed by forest officials for asserting Adivasis’ rights. Bheem was agitated by murder of his father and after father’s death, his family moved from Sankepalli to Sardapur.”[7]

He gave the slogan of "Jal, Jungle, zameen" (Water, Forest, Land). By definition, it means that the people who live in forests should have rights on all the resources of the forest.[8]

Legacy[edit]

Komaram Bheem is regarded as a deity (or pen in Gondi) among Gond Adivasi community and Gonds observe Bheem’s death anniversary every year on Aswayuja Powrnami, where an event is organized at Jodeghat to commemorate his life and struggle[9]. In 2011 it was announced that a statue of Bheem would be installed in Tank Bund, which was later unveiled on February 2, 2012.[10][11]

Movie[edit]

A movie based on the tribal leader, titled Komaram Bheem, received several awards such as A.P. State Nandi Awards (1990): Best Feature Film on National Integration and Best Director of a debut film. A TV Series was made on komaram bheem titled "Veerabheem" which successfully ran for 72 episodes. Directed by well-known Director/producer Nagabala Suresh Kumar, the TV series won 4 nandi awards by govt of A.P including best Mega TV serial 2012.[12] N. T. Rama Rao Jr. is playing the role of Komaram Bheem in the movie RRR directed by S. S. Rajamouli.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tribal employees seek holiday on August 9". The New Indian Express.
  2. ^ "Tributes paid to Telangana martyrs". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 18 September 2005.
  3. ^ "BJP demands inclusion of komaram bheem biography in curriculum". The Siasat Daily. 22 October 2010.
  4. ^ Rao, M. Malleswara (19 November 2011). "Komaram Bheem project launch today". The Hindu. Chennai, India.
  5. ^ http://www.deccanchronicle.com/local/hyderabad/adivasis-feel-trs-neglecting-them-798
  6. ^ "Biography of Great Freedomfighter komaram Bheem" (PDF). etelangana.org.
  7. ^ Poyam, Akash (16 October 2016). "Komaram Bheem: A forgotten Adivasi leader who gave the slogan 'Jal Jangal Jameen'". Adivasi Resurgence. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
  8. ^ Poyam, Akash (16 October 2016). "Komaram Bheem: A forgotten Adivasi leader who gave the slogan 'Jal Jangal Jameen'". Adivasi Resurgence. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  9. ^ Poyam, Akash (16 October 2016). "Komaram Bheem: A forgotten Adivasi leader who gave the slogan 'Jal Jangal Jameen'". Adivasi Resurgence. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  10. ^ "Komaram Bheem statue to be installed in city". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
  11. ^ "Komaram statue to come up on Tank Bund". Hyderabad, India: Times of India. 15 January 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
  12. ^ "The Komaram Bheem story - The Times of India". The Times Of India.
  13. ^ Kanoj, Priyanka (14 March 2019). "Who is Komaram Bheem? The freedom fighter on whom SS Rajamouli's RRR is based upon". International Business Times, India Edition.

External links[edit]