Komarno, Ukraine

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Komarno
Комарне (Комарно)[1]
City
Flag of Komarno
Flag
Coat of arms of Komarno
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 49°37′50″N 23°42′11″E / 49.63056°N 23.70306°E / 49.63056; 23.70306Coordinates: 49°37′50″N 23°42′11″E / 49.63056°N 23.70306°E / 49.63056; 23.70306
Country  Ukraine
Province Lviv Oblast Lviv Oblast
District Horodok Raion
Established 1471
Area
 • Total 10.67 km2 (4.12 sq mi)
Elevation 263 m (863 ft)
Population
 • Total 3,842
 • Density 360/km2 (930/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 81562, 81563
Area code(s) +380 3231
Website місто Комарно (Ukrainian)

Komarno (Ukrainian: Комарно, Yiddish: קאָמאַרנע‎) is a city located in Horodok Raion (district) of Lviv Oblast (region) in western Ukraine. Local government is administered by Komarnivska city council.[2] Population: 3,842 (2013 est.)[3].

It was founded in 1324. In the center of town is an old Polish Kostel (Catholic Church), as well as an old wooden Ukrainian Orthodox church complete with ancient icons. The river Vereshytsia flows through the town.

The Hasidic dynasty of Komarno originates from this town. Komarno, which until the Partitions of Poland belonged to Ruthenian Voivodeship, received its town charter (Magdeburg rights) in the mid-15th century from King Kazimierz Jagiellonczyk. The town was under protection of Voivode Stanislaw de Chodecz, who in 1473 founded here a Roman Catholic church. Komarno was a local center of textile industry. The town was divided into several districts, and remained in private hands of several voivodes. In 1590, it belonged to Jan Ostrorog, the voivode of Poznań, and in the 17th century, it was property of the House of Wiśniowiecki. Later on, Komarno belonged to the Ogiński family, and Lanckoroński family. In the 19th century, when it already was part of Austrian Galicia, the Lanckoroński family built here a palace. Last owner of Komarno was Countess Karolina Lanckorońska.

In 1648, during the Khmelnytsky Uprising, Komarno was besieged by the Cossack-Tatar forces. On October 9, 1672, the Battle of Komarno took place here, in which King Jan III Sobieski destroyed a 10,000 strong Tatar unit.

In 1918 Komarno returned to Poland, and by 1939, its population was app. 5,000. Until the Invasion of Poland, the town belonged to Lwów Voivodeship.

Komarno has a former Roman Catholic church (1658), which in 1946 was turned by Soviet authorities into a warehouse. In 1992, Ukrainian government returned the complex to the faithful, but soon afterwards, it was handed over to the local Greek-Catholic community. Among people associated with Komarno are Jan Kilarski (mathematician), Countess Karolina Lanckoronska, linguist Roman Laskowski, historian Jozef Leszczynski, writer Karol Szajnocha.

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