Komm, Gott Schöpfer, Heiliger Geist

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"Komm, Gott Schöpfer, Heiliger Geist"
Hymn by Martin Luther
Enchiridion geistlicher Gesänge 39.jpg
The first page in the Erfurt Enchiridion, 1524
English Come, God Creator, Holy Ghost
Text by Martin Luther
Language German
Based on "Veni Creator Spiritus"
Published 1524 (1524)

"Komm, Gott Schöpfer, Heiliger Geist" ("Come, God Creator, Holy Ghost") is a Lutheran hymn for Pentecost, with words written by Martin Luther based on the Latin "Veni Creator Spiritus". The hymn in seven stanzas was first published in 1524. The melody is derived from the chant of the Latin hymn. The number in the current Protestant hymnal Evangelisches Gesangbuch (EG) is 126.

Johann Sebastian Bach composed a chorale prelude on the hymn included in his Orgelbüchlein as BWV 631, and a chorale partita in the Great Eighteen Chorale Preludes, Komm, Gott, Schöpfer, Heiliger Geist, BWV 667. The hymn has been translated and has appeared with the hymn tune in several hymnals.

History[edit]

Luther wrote the hymn for Pentecost as a paraphrase of the Latin Veni Creator Spiritus in his effort to establish German equivalents to the Latin parts of the liturgy. He derived the melody from the chant of the Latin hymn.[1] The hymn in seven stanzas was first published in 1524, both in the Erfurt Enchiridion and in a setting by Johann Walter in Eyn geystlich Gesangk Buchleyn.[2] The number in the current Protestant hymnal Evangelisches Gesangbuch (EG) is 126.

Musical settings[edit]

Beginning of BWV 631

Johann Sebastian Bach composed a chorale prelude on the hymn included in his Orgelbüchlein as BWV 631, and a chorale partita which he made part of his collection Great Eighteen Chorale Preludes, Komm, Gott, Schöpfer, Heiliger Geist, in Organo pleno con Pedale obligato, BWV 667. Arnold Schönberg arranged the partita for large orchestra in 1922.[3]

Hymn tune and use in English hymnals[edit]

The hymn has been translated and has appeared to the hymn tune "Komm, Gott Schöpfer" in twelve hymnals,[2][4] for example "Come, O Creator Spirit Blest", translated by Edward Caswall.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ""Komm, Gott Schöpfer, Heiliger Geist" (EG 126)" (PDF) (in German). Luther-Gesellschaft. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Komm, Gott Schöpfer". Choral Wiki. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  3. ^ "Johann Sebastian Bach / Komm, Gott, Schöpfer, Heiliger Geist". Universal Edition. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  4. ^ a b "Komm, Gott Schöpfer". hymnary.org. Retrieved 8 May 2015.

External links[edit]