Komoé River

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Komoé River
Comoé River
River
Comoe near Folonzo MS 1262.jpg
The Comoé River near Folonzo
Countries Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast
Tributaries
 - right Léraba River
Source Sikasso Plateau
 - location Bobo-Dioulasso Department, Houet Province, Burkina Faso
 - elevation 525 m (1,722 ft)
 - coordinates 10°58′N 004°30′W / 10.967°N 4.500°W / 10.967; -4.500
Mouth Grand-Bassam
 - location Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic Ocean, Ivory Coast
 - elevation 0 m (0 ft)
 - coordinates 5°11′30″N 003°43′20″W / 5.19167°N 3.72222°W / 5.19167; -3.72222Coordinates: 5°11′30″N 003°43′20″W / 5.19167°N 3.72222°W / 5.19167; -3.72222
Length 759 km (472 mi)
Côte d'Ivoire map.png
Map of Côte d'Ivoire showing the Komoé River in the eastern part of the country
Along the Komoé River, 1892

The Komoé River is a river in West Africa. The river originates on the Sikasso Plateau of Burkina Faso,[1] flow through the Cascades de Karfiguéla, forms a short section of the border between Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast until it enters Ivory Coast, where it is the major drainage for northeastern portion of that country before emptying into the Atlantic.[2] The banks of the Komoé are shaded by riparian forests along most of it length providing an important habitat for wildlife and a source of agricultural water.[2] Where reliable floodplains form in Ivory Coast, rice may be grown.[2] A portion of the river in northern Ivory Coast is the source of the vegetative richness that earned that area a UNESCO World Heritage Site designation, Comoé National Park.[2]

Course[edit]

The Komoé River is approximately 759 km long. It rises on the Sikasso Plateau and in the Sindou Hills flowing south over several cataracts with several falls including the "Chutes de la Komoé" and Karifiguela Falls.[3] Upstream of the Karifiguela Falls it is known locally as the Koba River.[3] At 09°42′11″N 004°35′10″W / 9.70306°N 4.58611°W / 9.70306; -4.58611 it is joined from the right (west) by the Léraba River, whereafter it flows southeast and forms the border between Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast for some 60 kilometres (37 mi), before it enters Ivory Coast four kilometres southwest of the village of Balanfodougou.

In Ivory Coast, it continues southeast, past the Comoé National Park, forming the border between its Zanzan District and Savanes District. At 09°10′26″N 003°53′33″W / 9.17389°N 3.89250°W / 9.17389; -3.89250 it turns south flowing through eastern Ivory Coast and emptying into the far eastern end of the Ébrié Lagoon complex and ultimately the Gulf of Guinea near the port of Grand-Bassam.[2]

Tributaries[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rupley, Lawrence A.; Bangali, Lamissa; Diamitani, Boureima (2013). "Sikasso Plateau". Historical Dictionary of Burkina Faso. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-8108-6770-3. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Mepham, Robert (1991). IUCN Directory of African Wetlands. Pinter Pub. Ltd. ISBN 2-88032-949-3. 
  3. ^ a b Rupley, Lawrence A.; Bangali, Lamissa; Diamitani, Boureima (2013). "Komoé". Historical Dictionary of Burkina Faso. Lanham, Maryland: Scarecrow Press. p. 114. ISBN 978-0-8108-6770-3.