Mombum languages

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Komolom languages)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Komolom; Marianne Strait
New Guinea
Linguistic classificationTrans–New Guinea or unclassified
Mombum languages.svg
Map: The Mombum languages of New Guinea
  The Mombum languages
  Other Trans–New Guinea languages
  Other Papuan languages
  Austronesian languages

The Mombum or Komolom languages are a pair of Trans–New Guinea languages, Koneraw and Mombum, spoken just off the southern coast of New Guinea.[2]

Mombum was first classified as a branch isolate of the Central and South New Guinea languages in Stephen Wurm's 1975 expansion for Trans–New Guinea, a position tentatively maintained by Malcolm Ross, though he cannot tell if the similarities are shared innovations or retentions from proto-TNG. Usher instead links them to the Asmat languages.[3] Koneraw is clearly related to Mombum, but was overlooked by early classifications. Along with the Kolopom languages, they are the languages spoken on Yos Sudarso Island (Kolopom Island).

Noting insufficient evidence, Pawley and Hammarström (2018), who refer to the languages as the Komolom branch, tentatively leave it as unclassified rather than as part of Trans-New Guinea.[4]


Pronouns are:

sg pl
1 *nu *nu-mu, *ni
2 *yu *yu-mu
3 *eu


  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mombum-Koneraw". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ New Guinea World, Marianne Strait
  3. ^ New Guinea World, Asmat – Marianne Strait
  4. ^ Pawley, Andrew; Hammarström, Harald (2018). "The Trans New Guinea family". In Palmer, Bill (ed.). The Languages and Linguistics of the New Guinea Area: A Comprehensive Guide. The World of Linguistics. 4. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 21–196. ISBN 978-3-11-028642-7.
  • Ross, Malcolm (2005). "Pronouns as a preliminary diagnostic for grouping Papuan languages". In Andrew Pawley; Robert Attenborough; Robin Hide; Jack Golson (eds.). Papuan pasts: cultural, linguistic and biological histories of Papuan-speaking peoples. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. pp. 15–66. ISBN 0858835622. OCLC 67292782.