Horishni Plavni

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Horishni Plavni
Горішні Плавні
City of regional significance
Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Horishni Plavni
Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Horishni Plavni
Flag of Horishni Plavni
Flag
Coat of arms of Horishni Plavni
Coat of arms
Horishni Plavni is located in Poltava Oblast
Horishni Plavni
Horishni Plavni
Horishni Plavni on the map of Ukraine
Coordinates: 49°01′N 33°40′E / 49.017°N 33.667°E / 49.017; 33.667Coordinates: 49°01′N 33°40′E / 49.017°N 33.667°E / 49.017; 33.667
Oblast Poltava Oblast
Founded 1960
Town status 1972
Area
 • Total 7.73 km2 (2.98 sq mi)
Population (2015), including subordinated villages
 • Total 52,098
 • Density 6,700/km2 (17,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2, UTC+3
Postal code 39800-39890
Area code(s) +380 5348
Website komsomolsk.ws/index.php/Заглавная_страница

Horishni Plavni (Ukrainian: Горішні Плавні, before 2016 known as Komsomolsk-on-Dnieper, Ukrainian: Комсомо́льськ-на-Дніпрі, Komsomolsk-na-Dnipri or simply Komsomolsk, Ukrainian: Комсомо́льськ), is a purpose-built mining city in central Ukraine, located on the left bank of the Dnieper river. Horishni Plavni is a city of regional significance of Poltava Oblast, practically conurbated with the larger neighboring city of Kremenchuk. Population is 52,098 (2015 est.)[1].

Outline[edit]

Founded in 1960 as Komsomolsk-na-Dnipri, the city was purposely planned and built as the residential and civic area for the Poltava Mining and Extraction Combinat (now controlled by the Ferrexpo) - the most important iron ore-mining company in Ukraine. 80% of the city residents are employed by the mining industry. There are two gigantic open pit mines and several spoil tips on the city territory, to the north-east and south of the residential area.

The industry is served by several railway stations. However, the passenger service was discontinued and the city relies on intercity and suburban bus links. The combinat operates its own freight river port.

Due to the profitability of mining, small city of Horishni Plavni usually ranks high in all-Ukraine city rankings of birth rate, living standards, (un)employment and housing.

On 15 May 2015 President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko signed a bill into law that started a six months period for the removal of communist monuments and the mandatory renaming of settlements with a name related to Communism.[2] On 19 May 2016, Verkhovna Rada adopted decision to rename Komsomolsk as Horishni Plavni and conform to the law prohibiting names of Communist origin.[3]

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