Kon Tum

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Kon Tum
Thành phố Kon Tum
Kon Tum City
Kon Tum's wooden church
Kon Tum's wooden church
Kon Tum is located in Vietnam
Kon Tum
Kon Tum
Location in Vietnam
Coordinates: 14°23′N 107°59′E / 14.383°N 107.983°E / 14.383; 107.983Coordinates: 14°23′N 107°59′E / 14.383°N 107.983°E / 14.383; 107.983
Country Vietnam
ProvinceKon Tum
Area
 • Total432.9815 km2 (167.1751 sq mi)
Elevation525 m (1,722 ft)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total172,712
 • Density358/km2 (930/sq mi)
ClimateAw

Kon Tum is the capital city of Kon Tum Province in Vietnam. It is located inland in the Central Highlands region of Vietnam, near the borders of Laos and Cambodia

History[edit]

After the People's Army of Vietnam invaded South Vietnam on March 30, 1972 during the Easter Offensive, two divisions attempted to capture Kon Tum, but failed. In March 1975, however, Kon Tum was overrun during the Ho Chi Minh Campaign and large numbers of refugees were forced to flee east to the south central coast.

Kon Tum has several vestiges of the French colonial period, as well as several tribal villages directly in the suburbs of the Vietnamese-reconstructed town. Among the town's landmarks, there is a Roman Catholic wooden church on discrete stilts and a large French-built seminary which hosts a small museum on local hill tribes. French missionary presence in Kon Tum traces back to 1851.

Climate[edit]

Kon Tum has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw) with a wet season from April to November, a dry season from November to April, and consistently very warm to hot temperatures with high to oppressive humidity year-round.

Climate data for Kon Tum
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.9
(93.0)
36.2
(97.2)
37.1
(98.8)
37.9
(100.2)
39.0
(102.2)
35.6
(96.1)
33.7
(92.7)
33.3
(91.9)
32.6
(90.7)
33.5
(92.3)
33.0
(91.4)
32.8
(91.0)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 28.0
(82.4)
30.2
(86.4)
32.5
(90.5)
33.1
(91.6)
31.5
(88.7)
29.5
(85.1)
28.9
(84.0)
28.7
(83.7)
28.9
(84.0)
28.8
(83.8)
27.7
(81.9)
26.8
(80.2)
29.6
(85.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.6
(69.1)
22.4
(72.3)
24.5
(76.1)
25.7
(78.3)
25.3
(77.5)
24.8
(76.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75.0)
23.4
(74.1)
22.2
(72.0)
20.7
(69.3)
23.5
(74.3)
Average low °C (°F) 14.5
(58.1)
16.3
(61.3)
18.6
(65.5)
20.9
(69.6)
21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.6
(70.9)
21.5
(70.7)
21.0
(69.8)
19.6
(67.3)
17.7
(63.9)
15.5
(59.9)
19.2
(66.6)
Record low °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
7.9
(46.2)
8.7
(47.7)
15.5
(59.9)
18.0
(64.4)
18.8
(65.8)
18.1
(64.6)
18.0
(64.4)
16.3
(61.3)
11.9
(53.4)
8.9
(48.0)
5.9
(42.6)
5.5
(41.9)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 1
(0.0)
10
(0.4)
28
(1.1)
93
(3.7)
220
(8.7)
259
(10.2)
293
(11.5)
325
(12.8)
295
(11.6)
177
(7.0)
62
(2.4)
9
(0.4)
1,771
(69.7)
Average rainy days 0.4 1.2 4.0 9.8 18.5 21.2 23.8 25.8 22.7 14.1 6.0 1.2 148.2
Average relative humidity (%) 71.6 68.0 68.0 72.9 80.0 85.2 86.2 87.8 86.9 82.6 77.7 73.8 78.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 267 248 271 231 197 148 134 129 122 179 208 241 2,374
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vietnam City Maps 1:12,500, Series L909, Edition 4-DMATC, Defense Mapping Agency, Washington, 1972.
  2. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2018.

External links[edit]