Kondakovia longimana

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Kondakovia longimana
Kondakovia longimana Plate 64 in Manual of the New Zealand mollusca by Henry Suter 2.jpg
Architeuthus longimanus (Kondakovia longimana): plate 64 in Manual of the New Zealand Mollusca by Henry Suter
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Subclass: Coleoidea
Order: Teuthida
Suborder: Oegopsina
Family: Onychoteuthidae
Genus: Kondakovia
Species: K. longimana
Binomial name
Kondakovia longimana
Filippova, 1972

Kondakovia longimana, also known as the giant warty squid or longarm octopus squid,[1] is a large species of hooked squid. It attains a mantle length of at least 85 cm and probably over 1.15 m.[1] The largest complete specimen of this species, measuring 2.3 m in total length, was found in Antarctica in 2000.[2] Sleeper sharks and porbeagles are among sharks known to prey upon K. longimana, accounting for 21% and 19% of the cephalopod biomass consumed by each shark, respectively.[3]


K. longimana is characterised by the presence of 33 hooks and marginal suckers throughout the tentacular club during subadult years. The gladius of this species is not visible beneath the skin in the dorsal midline. K. longimana possesses three occipital folds.[4]


K. longimana occurs in epipelagic and mesopelagic waters of the Southern Ocean. Its range may be circumpolar and stretch as far north as South Georgia and the Tasman Sea.[5]

The type material of this species, consisting of three specimens caught at the surface and a depth of 50 m, was collected just north of the South Orkney Islands[6] and is deposited at the Zoological Museum of Moscow State University.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b O'Shea, S. 2005. Kondakovia longimana. In: Giant Squid and Colossal Squid Fact Sheet. The Octopus News Magazine Online.
  2. ^ Carrington, D. 2000. Big squid breaks record. BBC News, July 3, 2000.
  3. ^ Cherel, Y. & G. Duhamel 2004. "Antarctic jaws: cephalopod prey of sharks in Kerguelen waters." (PDF).  (531 KiB) Deep-Sea Research I 51: 17-31.
  4. ^ Vecchione, M., R.E. Young & K. Tsuchiya 2003. Kondakovia longimana Filippova, 1972. Tree of Life web project.
  5. ^ Kubodera, T., U. Piatkowski, T. Okutani & M.R. Clarke 1998. Taxonomy and Zoogeography of the Family Onychoteuthidae (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 586: 277–291.
  6. ^ Filippova, Y.A. 1972. New Data on the Squids (Cephalopoda: Oegopsida) from the Scotia Sea. Malacologia 11(2): 391–406.
  7. ^ Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda Archived December 10, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

  • Jarre, A., M.R. Clarke & D. Pauly 1991. Re-examination of growth estimates in oceanic squids: the case of Kondakovia longimana (Onychoteuthidae). ICES Journal of Marine Science 48: 195–200.
  • Lu, C.C. & R. Williams. 1994. Kondakovia longimana Filippova, 1972 (Cephalopoda: Onychoteuthidae) from the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean. Antarctic Science 6(2): 231–234.

External links[edit]