Kong Hee

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Kong.
Kong Hee
Native name 康希
Born (1964-08-23) 23 August 1964 (age 51)
Occupation Pastor
Spouse(s) Sun Ho
Website konghee.com

Kong Hee (Chinese: 康希; pinyin: Kāng Xī; born 23 August 1964) - is the founder and senior pastor of City Harvest Church in Singapore. Kong is a Christian in the Charismatic Movement, with a philosophy of ministry that emphasises the Great Commandment, Great Commission, and Cultural Mandate.[1] He is married to pop music singer Sun Ho. On 26 June 2012, Kong Hee and 4 other senior members of the City Harvest Church were arrested by Singaporean police in connection with misuse of about $50 million in church funds,[2][3] he currently stands trial in a prosecution case led by Mavis Chionh.[4]


Early life[edit]

Kong is the fifth child of Kong Leng, a professional engineer, and Toh Poh-Eng, a diamond trader. From 1975 to 1988, Kong was a member of Marine Parade Christian Centre, an Anglican church located in eastern Singapore. He schooled at Raffles Institution (1977–1980), Raffles Junior College (1981–1982) as well as National University of Singapore, Bachelor of Science (Computer & Information Sciences) (1985–1988).

During his university years, he worked part-time for the Chapel of the Resurrection under the oversight of Anglican vicar, Reverend Dr. Canon James Wong. During that tenure, he helped Canon Wong set up a new congregation, Orchard Christian Centre. Upon university graduation in 1988, Kong worked a short stint in a local publishing house as a programmer.

In 1989, Kong was a staff evangelist with "Christ For Asia", a missions organisation in the Philippines led by Assemblies of God minister, Reverend Randy Sing. At that same time, there was an opportunity for Kong to pioneer a new church in Singapore. With the support and encouragement of some senior pastors in the city, Kong decided to relocate back to Singapore and helped set up a new congregation with 20 youths.

City Harvest Church (1989 till present)[edit]

On 7 May 1989, City Harvest Church was founded as a department (known as "Ekklesia Ministry") of Bethany Christian Centre (Assemblies of God).[5]

Since 1997, Kong was the executive director of the Festival of Praise, an annual event that brings together churches for united prayer and worship. Kong is a board member of Dr. David Yonggi Cho's Church Growth International (South Korea) and Dr. Luis Bush's Transform World (Indonesia). He and his wife Sun Ho own two companies, International Harvest, which is a provider of corporate training services and motivational courses, and a fashion company called Skin Couture. In May 2008, Kong was conferred the Honorary Doctorate in Business Administration from Hansei University in Seoul, Korea[citation needed].

City Harvest Church has an average of 23,256 attendees as of December 2010[6] with 47 affiliate "Harvest" churches, as well as 29 affiliate churches and 6 Bible schools in Asia, namely, in Singapore, Australia, Indonesia, Malaysia and Taiwan. Another 18 affiliate churches in the East and West Malaysia are under the Malaysian Harvest Fellowship which Kong Hee has co-founded.[7][8][9][10]

Positions held[citation needed][edit]

Title Ordination[citation needed][edit]

  • Bethany Christian Centre (Singapore): 6 January 1991



In March 2010, a blogger identified plagiarism on Kong Hee's 'Daily Devotionals' as they were similar to writings to another publication, "The Leadership Bible" which was published 10 years ago. The copied text were published as physical copies into two books, "Renewing Your Spiritual Energy in 90 Days" without accreditation to the original authors.

Kong Hee's daily devotionals were originally compiled from his personal reading notes and printed as supplementary reading for his members, free of charge. Some years later, due to popular demand overseas, a local publisher compiled and released foreign language translations of the devotional for sale.

Kong Hee posted a note on his website and explained that the devotion was "originally meant only for internal circulation among the members of my church. As such, there was an oversight in not quoting the sources of some portions that borrow from the writings of other Christian authors." There was also an apology for the oversight.[11][12][13]

The publisher who is also a member of City Harvest Church, acknowledged that at the time of publication, both himself and Mr Kong were aware that certain portions of the content were not original.[12][13][14] The publisher of "Renewal" has since made amendments to the soft copies to include accreditation.

City Harvest Church Trial[edit]

On 31 May 2010, the Office of the Commissioner of Charities and the Commercial Affairs Department of the Singapore Police began investigating more than 16 individuals linked to the City Harvest Church, including church founder Pastor Kong Hee and his wife, Sun Ho, after receiving complaints alleging the misuse of church funds.[15][16] The police were looking into financial transactions involving the possible falsification of accounts and criminal breach of trust amounting to millions of dollars which dated back a number of years. The authorities said that regular church activities and services for the congregation need not be disrupted during ongoing investigations, which is expected to take several months.[17][18][19]

The Cross Over Project - The accused argued that the Cross over project was used to evangelize, convert or seek to convert (someone) to Christianity. As Pastor A.R. Bernard said, " The bigger picture, he said, is that Singapore’s religious freedoms are not identical to those in the U.S. Accepted practices here, such as churches and charities using their own films and “crossover artists” who perform religious and secular music for evangelism, are “strange” in Singapore." [20]

The author Vincent Phillip Munoz has written in his book that often a church will use its funds to carry out both its secular and religious activities, and collect funds to finance their secular operations(p. 163). (Walz v. Tax Comm'n of City of New York, 397 U.S. 664 (1970)).[21]

The crossover project explained by the accused was meant to expand their congregation locally and overseas. However, the music video China Wine had no isolable religious or Christian influences. It became questionable to some church members how was the music video funded. These complaints were investigated by authorities to determine if there were misuse of church funds.[22]

In June 2012, Kong Hee and five other members of the church were arrested by the CAD. All five face multiple charges of criminal breach of trust, while three (not including Kong Hee) face multiple charges of falsifying accounts of the church. They were released on $500,000 bail each, and set to return to court on 25 July.[23][24] Each of the three counts of criminal breach of trust he faces has a maximum sentence of life imprisonment plus fine.[25]

The 6 defendants to stand for City Harvest Trial as of 22 May 2015.[26]

# 1.Church founder and senior pastor Kong Hee - Criminal Breach of Trust as an Agent
# 2. Deputy senior pastor Tan Ye Peng -Falsification of Accounts, Criminal Breach of Trust as an Agent
# 3. Former finance manager Serina Wee - 10 charges of criminal breach of trust and falsification of accounts
# 4. Current finance manager Sharon Tan - Falsification of Accounts, Criminal Breach of Trust as an Agent
# 5. former church committee members Chew Eng Han (church's former investment manager)-Falsification of Accounts 
# 6. former church committee members John Lam

The charges are criminal breach of trust, 409 read with section 109 of the Penal Code, Chapter 224. Falsification of Accounts under section 477A of the Penal Code, Chapter 224.[27][28]

On the same day as the initial arrests, the COC released a press statement detailing the results of its inquiry. It stated that there were misconduct and mismanagement in the administration of the charity. There were irregularities of at least $23 million in the charity's funds, which were used to finance Sun Ho's secular music career. There was also a concerted effort to conceal this movement of funds from stakeholders. Eight members were suspended from their duties with the charity. The eight included the five arrested, Sun Ho and two others. The COC is considering further course of action under the Charities Act.[29][30] The case was adjourned twice[31][32][33] while the judge in the case has denied an appeal by the defence, who had claimed that there is no case to answer, stating that the six had been dishonest in the use of the money.[34]

The trial is still ongoing as of September 2014[35][36][37] with the prosecution's case that Kong Hee and five other church leaders used Xtron as a "shell company" to enable the misuse of church funds.[38]

God apologizing[edit]

Kong Hee proclaimed that God had said to him, "I am sorry." Because standard Christian theology teaches that God is sovereign and is not answerable to people, this generated a controversy and a lot of views on YouTube.[39]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kong Hee's Profile". City Harvest Church. Retrieved 5 June 2007. 
  2. ^ http://www.straitstimes.com/BreakingNews/Singapore/Story/STIStory_815169.html
  3. ^ http://www.straitstimes.com/the-big-story/chc-funds-case/story/city-harvest-trial-22-million-new-york-apartment-ho-yeow-sun-2013
  4. ^ Loh, Ronald. "CHC trial: Chief Prosecutor says finance manager is being untruthful". The New Paper. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "Every Member is a Minister' at Singapore Megachurch". Church & Ministry. 10 February 2004. 
  6. ^ "CHC Story". City Harvest Church. Retrieved 17 April 2011. 
  7. ^ "Why Isn't the American church growing?". Charisma Magazine. Retrieved 23 January 2009. 
  8. ^ "Speakers". City City Church. Archived from the original on 24 August 2007. Retrieved 29 June 2007. 
  9. ^ "Kong Hee's Profile". City Harvest Church. Retrieved 5 June 2007. [dead link]
  10. ^ "History of the Church". City Harvest Church. Retrieved 5 June 2007. [dead link]
  11. ^ "Kong Hee Devotion". Retrieved 15 June 2010. 
  12. ^ a b Kong Hee 'plagiarised' book , The Straits Times, 12 June 2010
  13. ^ a b http://www.straitstimes.com/PrimeNews/Story/STIStory_539170.html
  14. ^ City Harvest founder now accused of plagiarism, The Straits Times, 12 June 2010, pg A3
  15. ^ http://news.xin.msn.com/en/singapore/article.aspx?cp-documentid=4121597
  16. ^ http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1063720/1/.html
  17. ^ http://www.todayonline.com/Singapore/EDC100601-0000111/City-Harvest-probe
  18. ^ http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/singaporelocalnews/view/1060093/1/.html
  19. ^ http://news.asiaone.com/News/AsiaOne%2BNews/Singapore/Story/A1Story20100531-219380.html
  20. ^ Wetzstein, Cheryl. "Singapore megachurch founder Kong Hee on trial in religious freedom test case". Washington Times. Washington Times. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  21. ^ Munoz, Vincent Phillip (2013). Religious Liberty and the American Supreme Court: The Essential Cases and Documents (Updated ed.). Rowman & LittleField. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-4422-0828-5. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  22. ^ DURAI, JENNANI. "City Harvest probe ‘triggered by Complaints, not government reviews" (PDF). Ministry of Social and Family Development. The Straits Times. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  23. ^ "CAD arrests 5 City Harvest Church members, including Pastor Kong Hee". Channel NewsAsia. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  24. ^ "City Harvest case: Allegedly total of $50m misused". The Straits Times. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  25. ^ "City Harvest's founder Kong Hee, four others charged". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 27 June 2012. 
  26. ^ Feng, Zengkun. "City Harvest trial: Twists, turns and tears enough to fuel a Korean drama". The Straits Times. The Straits Times. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  27. ^ http://news.asiaone.com/news/singapore/chc-trial-chief-prosecutor-says-finance-manager-being-untruthful
  28. ^ "POLICE NEWS RELEASE" (PDF). The Straits Times. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  29. ^ "Commissioner of Charities suspends 8 members of City Harvest board". Today. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  30. ^ "Inquiry found misconduct and mismanagement in the City Harvest Church". 26 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012. 
  31. ^ "6th City Harvest member charged; cases adjourned for 5 weeks". Today. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. 
  32. ^ "City Harvest Church case adjourned to Oct 4". The Straits Times. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. 
  33. ^ http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/prosecution-wraps-up-case/991282.html
  34. ^ http://m.todayonline.com/worldcup/singapore/city-harvest-church-trial-resume-monday
  35. ^ "Kong 'did not care' about recovering church loan". The Straits Times. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  36. ^ Lim, Joyce. "Loan guarantee a story made up by Kong, says DPP". Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  37. ^ Loh, Ronald. "CHC trial: Prosecutor says Kong Hee lied for years to conceal fund misuse". Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  38. ^ Loh, Ronald (Aug 29, 2014). "Serina Wee projected $9.5 million loss from Sun Ho’s album". The New Paper. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  39. ^ Jeffrey Khoo. 2014. THE “GOD” OF KONG HEE The Burning Bush 20/1:2-6. Link to article


  • Ministries Today Magazine (December 2003).

External links[edit]