Kongemose culture

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Kongemose culture
Geographical rangeEurope
PeriodMesolithic Europe
Datescirca 6,000 B.C.E. — circa 5,200 B.C.E.
Preceded byMaglemosian culture
Followed byErtebølle culture
The Stone Age
before Homo (Pliocene)

Paleolithic

Lower Paleolithic
Early Stone Age
Homo
Control of fire
Stone tools
Middle Paleolithic
Middle Stone Age
Homo neanderthalensis
Homo sapiens
Recent African origin of modern humans
Upper Paleolithic
Later Stone Age
Behavioral modernity, Atlatl,
Origin of the domestic dog

Epipalaeolithic
Mesolithic

Microliths, Bow and arrows, Canoe
Natufian
Khiamian
Tahunian
Heavy Neolithic
Shepherd Neolithic
Trihedral Neolithic
Pre-Pottery Neolithic

Neolithic

Neolithic Revolution,
Domestication
Pottery Neolithic
Pottery
Chalcolithic

The Kongemose culture (Kongemosekulturen) was a mesolithic hunter-gatherer culture in southern Scandinavia ca. 6000 BC5200 BC and the origin of the Ertebølle culture. It was preceded by the Maglemosian culture. In the north it bordered on the Scandinavian Nøstvet and Lihult cultures. [1]

The Kongemose culture is named after a location in western Zealand and its typical form is known from Denmark and Skåne. The finds are characterised by long flintstone flakes, used for making characteristic rhombic arrowheads, scrapers, drills, awls, and toothed blades. Tiny micro blades constituted the edges of bone daggers that were often decorated with geometric patterns. Stone axes were made of a variety of stones, and other tools were made of horn and bone. The main economy was based on hunting red deer, roe deer, and wild boar, supplemented by fishing at the coastal settlements. [2]

In a 2015 study published in Nature, the remains of six individuals from Motala ascribed to the Kongemose culture were successfully analyzed. With regards to Y-DNA, two individuals were ascribed to haplogroup I2a1b, one individual was ascribed to haplogroup I2a1, and one individual was ascribed to haplogroup I2c. With regards to mtDNA, two individuals were ascribed to haplogroup U5a1, two individuals were ascribed to haplogroup U5a2d, and two individuals were ascribed to haplogroup U2e1.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bo Friman (1996) Does the Kongemose Culture Exist? (The concept of archaeological cultures. "Archaeologia Polona Journal of Archaeology" Vol. 34, pg: 143-163)
  2. ^ Søren A. Sørensen (1996) Kongemosekulturen i Sydskandinavien (Jægerpris) (in Danish)
  3. ^ Mathieson, Iain (December 24, 2015). "Genome-wide patterns of selection in 230 ancient Eurasians". Nature. 528 (7583): 499–503. doi:10.1038/nature16152.

Other sources[edit]

  • Clark, Grahame (2009) The Earlier Stone Age Settlement of Scandinavia (Cambridge University Press) ISBN 978-0-521-10767-9