|Industry||Military and maritime systems|
|Key people||Walter Qvam (CEO)|
|Revenue||NOK 15,652 billion (2012)|
|Net income||NOK 1,320 billion (2012)|
|Employees||7,259 (December 2012)|
|Subsidiaries||Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace
Kongsberg Defence Systems
Kongsberg Protech Systems
Kongsberg Oil & Gas Technologies
Its subsidiaries as of 2014 are Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace AS, Kongsberg Teknologipark AS, Kongsberg Holding AS, Kongsberg Basetec AS, Kongsberg Maritime AS, Kongsberg Forsvar AS, Norsk Forsvarsteknologi AS, Kongsberg Næringseiendom AS, Kongsberg Næringsparkutvikling AS, Kongsberg Næringsbygg 2 AS, Kongsberg Næringsbygg 3 AS, Kongsberg Næringsbygg 5 AS, Kongsberg Næringsbygg 6 AS, Kongsberg Næringsbygg 7 AS, Kongsberg Næringsbygg 8 AS, Kongsberg Næringsbygg 9 AS, Nerion AS, Kongsberg Reinsurance Ltd.
The conglomerate has four "business areas", in regards to accounting, marketing, and operating it: Kongsberg Defence Systems (KDS), Kongsberg Protech Systems (KPS), Kongsberg Oil & Gas Technologies (KOGT) and Kongsberg Maritime (KM). KDS is a supplier of defence and aerospace-related systems and KPS delivers weapon control systems with PROTECTOR Remote Weapon Station. KOGT provides technology, products and services for surveillance, integration, analysis, simulation, quality assurance, and governance of drilling and production operations and KM delivers products and systems for positioning, navigation and automation to merchant vessels and offshore installations, as well as products and systems for seabed surveying and monitoring, and for fishing vessels and fisheries research.
The company was established March 20 in 1814 as Kongsberg Vaabenfabrik (KV) (lit.: "Kongsberg Weapons Factory"), a name which remained virtually unchanged until 1987, when it took the name Norsk Forsvarsteknologi (NFT) (lit.: "Norwegian Defence Technology") after restructuring due to the sale of all civilian activity and financial troubles. The name changed again in 1995 to the present Kongsberg Gruppen following its listing on the Oslo Stock Exchange in 1993. In 1974, a Canadian subsidiary known as Kongsberg Mesotech Ltd was established for the development and manufacturing of underwater surveillance systems.
In 1987, the company was part of the Toshiba-Kongsberg scandal, which involved a subsidiary of Toshiba and the Kongsberg Vaapenfabrikk. The two provided the Soviet Union with technology (Toshiba milling machines and Kongsberg computer numerical controls) that could be used to produce quiet submarine propellers, in violation of the CoCom agreement. The US always relied on the fact that the Soviets had noisy boats. Providing the USSR with technology that could make their subs harder to find and track was perceived as a significant threat to America's security.
In 2014 NRK said that Ministry of Trade, Industry and Fisheries has a 50,001 percent stake in the company (while another website said that Ministry of Trade and Industry has a 50 percent stake).
The company fully owns Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace. Sometimes referred to as a division, "Kongsberg Defense Communications" uses the mailing address of Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace. (Kongsberg Defence Communications AS ceased to exist as a company in 2005, when it was merged into Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace. In 2014 media published a photo of that company's full name in use (on an office sign in Asker) together with the logo of Kongsberg Gruppen. The conglomerate has a legal entity (with a unique organisasjonsnummer) registered at that address——Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace AS avd Asker.)
Eleven executive officers report directly to the CEO, including those of the four "business areas": Kongsberg Maritime, "Kongsberg Defence Systems", Kongsberg Protech Systems, Kongsberg Oil & Gas Technologies.
The "business area" "Kongsberg Defence Systems" and the company Kongsberg Defence Systems AS has the same person in different positions; in the "business area" he is its executive officer and in the epynomous company he is the chairman.
"Kongsberg Oil & Gas Technologies" is another of the conglomerate's "business areas", that shares name with an indirectly owned company, Kongsberg Oil & Gas Technologies AS (owned by Kongsberg Basetec).
In 2014 the company and Kongsberg Defence Systems were charged by Norway, for corruption related to deliveries (worth around Norwegian kroner 1.5 billion) of communication equipment to Romania during 1999–2008. The alleged corruption supposedly occurred in Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace, according to Aftenposten.
In spring 2012 "various signals" indicated corrupt practices, and within a short time, investigators from outside the company were put to task. In autumn of 2013 the company discontinued a year-long investigation by PricewaterhouseCoopers—without giving the investigators' report to the police. The investigation found that funds had been transferred to tax havens.
On 25 February 2014 Økokrim searched company premises in Kongsberg and Asker. On the same day one employee was arrested and charged (and released two days later). The leaders of the company were summoned for a meeting with then Minister of Trade and Industry. On 26 February 2014 the meeting was held, attended by then chairman and then CEO. The board meeting later that day, was joined by the minister via phone.
On 27 February 2014 media said that then chairman had not read the report by PricewaterhouseCoopers about their investigation.
A 28 February 2014 NRK article said that the transaction with Romania was connected with export guarantees worth Norwegian kroner 669 million—from Guarantee Institute for Export Credits (GIEK). Furthermore, "while we [NRK] were at the National Archives to find the documents, representatives from GIEK came to get the folders, supposedly because Økokrim has requested delivery of the documents—from GIEK". (The folders contained "three of the contracts" [with Romania].) The contracts with GIEK, stipulate that bribes and other corruption are in violation of the contracts.
Reactions to the investigation include professor Peter Gottschalk saying that "It is obvious that the company should have contacted the police and not discontinued the case. When økonomisk kriminalitet is suspected, the police should be notified. I think that the reason they did not do that, was that they did not want publicity". A 28 February 2014 Dagens Næringsliv article said that "The question for the company's largest owner thru minister of trade Monica Mæland (H)—without regard to what Økokrim uncovers in its investigation—ought to be whether the government's companies are best served by having committee members that are that irresolute". A 5 March 2014 Aftenposten editorial said that "The most important question is another one: Why do such cases appear again and again, despite tightened regulations and attitude campaigns? - Is it time to move focus to the manner in which co-workers are rewarded?"
- Walter Qvam (incumbent as of 2014 and also chairman of Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace and Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk AS)
- Multiple levels of subsidiaries
- Kongsberg Mesotech
- Kongsberg Colt
- Kongsberg Spacetec
- List of oldest companies
- M1 Abrams TUSK Kit (M1 Abrams tank with Kongsberg Gruppen remote-control MG turret)
- Kongsberg Gruppen's 2012 annual report
- "Kongsberg Basetec AS".
- "Kongsberg Teknologipark AS".
- St.meld. nr. 13 (2006-2007) Et aktivt og langsiktig eierskap
- Jane's World Defence Industry
- "Kongsberg Gruppen ASA". Proff - the business finder.
- Kongsberg Gruppen siktet for korrupsjon
- KONGSBERG GRUPPEN ASA
- Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace AS
- "Kongsberg Gruppen siktet for korrupsjon". NRK.
- "Defence Communications".
- "Kunngjøringer". Proff - the business finder. 2005-11-01.
- "Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace AS avd Asker". Proff - the business finder.
- "KONGSBERG DEFENCE SYSTEMS AS". Dagens Næringsliv.
- "Norsk Forsvar AS". Dagens Næringsliv.
- "Konsernledelsen". Kongsberg Gruppen.
- "Kongsberg Maritime AS".
- "Neppe varetekt i korrupsjon-saken på Kongsberg".
- Kongsberg Gruppen siktet for korrupsjon
- Kongsberg Gruppen Charged with Corruption on Romania Deliveries
- Eirik Winsnes; Roar Østgårdhjelten (2014-02-28). "Krever at hun fjerner Jebsen". Aftenposten. "Tillitsvalgte for de ansatte i Kongsberg Defence & Aerospace, som er selskapet hvor korrupsjonen skal ha funnet sted, har tillit til ledelsen og styrets håndtering av saken."
- Alle spor stoppet i skatteparadis
- Undersøkte korrupsjonsrykter - spor stoppet i skatteparadis
- Visste om korrupsjonen
- E24: Kongsberg Gruppen siktet for korrupsjon
- Kongsberg Gruppen kalt inn på teppet
- Møte med Kongsberg Gruppen
- Kongsberg fikk statlige garantier
- - De burde gått til politiet, ikke lagt bort saken
- Lukkede øyne
- Ola Storeng (2014-03-05). "Når korrupsjonen er lønnsom". Aftenposten.
- KONGSBERG GRUPPEN ASA
- "Kongsberg Våpenfabrikk AS". Dagens Næringsliv.