Koniuji Island (Aleut: Tanĝimax) is one of the Andreanof Islands subgroup of the Aleutian Islands of southwestern Alaska, United States. It lies northwest of Atka Island and east of Kasatochi Island. Koniuji Island has a land area of 0.37 sq mi (237 acres) and is uninhabited.
On all sides of Koniuji Island except the south and southeast, the shoreline is sheer and precipitous, rising to two sharp summits of 896 feet (273 m) and 790 feet (240 m). The south side of the island, above lower bluffs at the shore, slopes gradually to a ridge about 0.2 miles (0.3 km) north, and drops off again into a ravine that passes through the island at some elevation. The slope up from the south side is grass covered. The northwest end of the island is a low, flat, rocky point about 200 yards (180 m) long. An extensive kelp patch extends from the south of the island. Also, in the summer, heavy kelp is found along and well off the western shore.
Compass reading differences of as much as 10° from the normal variation have been observed on Koniuji Island and as much as 7° at a distance of 2 miles (3 km) in all directions around the island.
Koniuji Island is emergent top of a mostly submarine volcano. Little is known of the geologic history of this volcano. Reports of eruptive activity may be erroneous and are considered to refer to eruptions of Kasatochi volcano to the west.
Koniuji Island provides nesting habitat for close to 300,000 seabirds. Around 70% are Fork-tailed Storm-petrels and 17% are Leach's Storm-petrel. There are also large numbers of the Ancient Murrelet and the Whiskered Auklet that nest on Koniuji. These four species breed on Koniuji Island in numbers that exceed 1% of their total global populations.
A 1998 survey found these birds on Koniuji during the breeding season:
- Koniuji Island: Block 1106, Census Tract 1, Aleutians West Census Area, Alaska[dead link] United States Census Bureau
- Bergsland, K. (1994). Aleut Dictionary. Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.
- U.S. Coast Pilot 9, Chapter 7, Aleutian Islands
- Alaska Volcano Observatory - Koniuji
- Audubon Important Bird Areas - Koniuji Island, Alaska
- Koniuji Island Photos Photos from Koniuji Island, July 2008