Konotop

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Konotop
Конотоп
City
Counterclockwise (from upper right): Shukhov Tower, Myr Cinema, Ascension Cathedral, Konotop City Council Building, Monument of Horse, Konotop railway station and tram
Counterclockwise (from upper right): Shukhov Tower, Myr Cinema, Ascension Cathedral, Konotop City Council Building, Monument of Horse, Konotop railway station and tram
Flag of Konotop
Coat of arms of Konotop
Location of Konotop
Coordinates: 51°13′N 33°12′E / 51.217°N 33.200°E / 51.217; 33.200
CountryUkraine
OblastSumy
RaionKonotop
Founded1634
Government
 • MayorArtem Semenikhin
Area
 • Total43.78 km2 (16.90 sq mi)
Elevation
142 m (466 ft)
Population
 (2021)
 • Total84,787
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal codes
41600–41615
Area code(s)+380 5447
WebsiteOfficial website

Konotop (/ˈkɒnɒtɒp, ˌkɒnɒˈtp/;[citation needed] Ukrainian: Конотоп [konoˈtɔp] (About this soundlisten)) is a city in Sumy Oblast in northeastern Ukraine. Konotop serves as the administrative center of Konotop Raion. Konotop is located about 129 km from Sumy, the oblast administrative center. It is host to Konotop air base. Population: 84,787 (2021 est.)[1]

History[edit]

During the beginning of the 17th century, Cossacks were first based in that area. The settlement was first mentioned in 1634 in various documents as Novoselytsia. In 1642 a Polish fortress was built in that place named after the river Konotopka. Probably the river disappeared, and another one was created, Yezuch. The fortification became a key point in the struggle against the Moscow state.

In 1659 the Battle of Konotop took place near the city, in which Cossacks led by Ivan Vyhovsky (allied with Poles and Crimean Tatars) defeated Muscovite forces. In 1782 Konotop was granted municipal rights.

During World War II, Konotop was occupied by the German Army from 3 September 1941 to 6 September 1943. Details of this are recounted in the book The Forgotten Soldier by Guy Sajer.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Konotop (1981–2010, extremes 1948–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.4
(47.1)
14.0
(57.2)
22.0
(71.6)
29.9
(85.8)
33.1
(91.6)
35.8
(96.4)
35.9
(96.6)
39.0
(102.2)
35.0
(95.0)
27.2
(81.0)
18.0
(64.4)
12.6
(54.7)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.7
(28.9)
4.1
(39.4)
13.4
(56.1)
20.6
(69.1)
23.6
(74.5)
25.6
(78.1)
24.7
(76.5)
18.5
(65.3)
11.4
(52.5)
3.1
(37.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
11.6
(52.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.8
(23.4)
−4.6
(23.7)
0.5
(32.9)
8.5
(47.3)
14.9
(58.8)
18.3
(64.9)
20.1
(68.2)
18.9
(66.0)
13.2
(55.8)
7.2
(45.0)
0.7
(33.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −7.3
(18.9)
−7.4
(18.7)
−2.8
(27.0)
4.0
(39.2)
9.5
(49.1)
13.3
(55.9)
15.0
(59.0)
13.6
(56.5)
8.8
(47.8)
3.7
(38.7)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.9
(21.4)
3.6
(38.5)
Record low °C (°F) −32.9
(−27.2)
−32.2
(−26.0)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−12.2
(10.0)
−3.7
(25.3)
2.8
(37.0)
6.1
(43.0)
3.8
(38.8)
−4.1
(24.6)
−9.2
(15.4)
−22.8
(−9.0)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−32.9
(−27.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 40.3
(1.59)
38.9
(1.53)
33.5
(1.32)
41.0
(1.61)
46.9
(1.85)
67.2
(2.65)
75.1
(2.96)
56.0
(2.20)
55.3
(2.18)
43.9
(1.73)
42.0
(1.65)
40.7
(1.60)
580.8
(22.87)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.6 9.3 8.2 7.4 7.9 9.4 8.4 6.6 8.4 7.7 7.9 9.3 100.1
Average snowy days 19 17 11 2 0.1 0 0 0 0.1 2 10 18 79
Average relative humidity (%) 84.4 82.0 77.0 67.2 64.1 69.2 70.8 70.6 76.9 80.6 86.3 86.3 76.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 42.5 69.1 139.9 190.6 283.2 272.6 288.8 267.1 170.0 110.1 40.6 30.5 1,905
Source 1: World Meteorological Organization[2]
Source 2: Pogoda.ru.net[3]

Economy[edit]

The main industrial enterprises of the city include the Konotop Casting and Mechanical Plant, the Motordetal Plant, the Konotop Fittings Plant, the Konotop Car Repair Plant, the Aviakon Aircraft Repair Plant, a mechanical plant, a garment factory, a meat processing plant (Konotopmyaso OJSC), a dairy plant, and a bakery plant. Konotop is an important mechanical engineering center, food production center.

Transport[edit]

Railway station

The city is an important transportation center. Various railroad connections from Konotop are: MoscowKyiv, SimferopolMinsk, BakhmachKyiv, BryanskSumy/Belgorod. Furthermore, Konotop is one of the smallest cities in the country with its own tram system.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  2. ^ "World Meteorological Organization Climate Normals for 1981–2010". World Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on 17 July 2021. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Климат Конотопа (Climate of Konotop)" (in Russian). Погода и климат (Weather and Climate). Archived from the original on 14 December 2019. Retrieved 14 December 2019.

External links[edit]