Konrad Meyer

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Konrad Meyer-Hetling (15 May 1901 – 25 April 1973) was a German agronomist and SS-Oberführer. He is best known for his involvement in the development of Generalplan Ost.

Konrad Meyer-Hetling in Allied custody

Early life[edit]

Meyer was born in Salzderhelden, near Einbeck, in southern Lower Saxony, as the son of a school teacher.[1] He studied agronomy at the University of Göttingen and received his doctorate in 1926 with a thesis on crop production.[1] He became an assistant at the university and did his habilitation in 1930.[1]

From 1930 to 1933, Meyer worked as a docent at the University of Göttingen, and in 1934, he became a full professor at the University of Jena.[1] Within the same year, he became a professor at the University of Berlin.[1] In November 1934 he became a consultant for the Reich Ministry of Science and Education on the reformation of German agricultural education and research.[1] Meyer was one of the key agricultural scientist and spatial planners of the Nazi era, and served as the chief editor of the main journals of the field.[2]

Generalplan Ost[edit]

Rudolf Hess, Heinrich Himmler, Philipp Bouhler, Fritz Todt and Reinhard Heydrich (from left), listening to Meyer at a Generalplan Ost exhibition, 20 March 1941

Meyer joined the NSDAP on 1 February 1932 (member number 908,471),[1] and the SS on 20 June 1933 (member number 74,695).[2] In 1935, he was recruited to the Race and Settlement Main Office of the SS (RuSHA).[2] In 1939, he became the head of the Planning Office under Himmler's office of Reich Commissioner for the Consolidation of German Nationhood (RKF), and he also worked for Himmler's personal staff.[2]

In early 1940, the Reich Security Main Office (RSHA) produced, with Meyer's collaboration, the initial version of Generalplan Ost (General Plan East), a plan for the Germanization of Eastern Europe.[1] Meyer's subordinates in RKF's creating the memorandum included geographer Walter Christaller and landscape architect Heinrich Friedrich Wiepking-Jürgensmann. From 1944 to 1945, the end of the war, Meyer served an officer in a Waffen-SS officer training school.[2]

Later life[edit]

After the war, Meyer was charged by the US authorities in the RuSHA Trial. He was found guilty of being a member of a criminal organization (SS) but not guilty of war crimes or crimes against humanity.[1] He was released in 1948, and in 1956, he was appointed professor of agriculture and regional planning at Leibniz University Hannover, where he worked until his retirement, in 1964.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The Nuremberg Medical Trial 1946/47 - Guide to the Microfiche Edition: With an Introduction to the Trial's History by Angelika Ebbinghaus and Short Biographies of the Participants, 2001, Walter de Gruyter, ISBN 3110950073, p. 119
  2. ^ a b c d e "DFG (German Research Foundation) - Konrad Meyer, Umsiedlungsplaner der SS". Archived from the original on August 20, 2007. Retrieved January 2, 2013.CS1 maint: unfit url (link)

External links[edit]