Konstantin Sergeevich Novoselov
23 August 1974
|Nationality||Russia and United Kingdom|
|Other names||Kostya Novoselov|
|Thesis||Development and Applications of Mesoscopic Hall Microprobes (2004)|
Sir Konstantin Sergeevich Novoselov  (Russian: Константи́н Серге́евич Новосёлов, IPA: [kənstɐnʲˈtʲin sʲɪrˈɡʲe(j)ɪvʲɪtɕ nəvɐˈsʲɵləf]; born 23 August 1974) is a Russian–British physicist, and a professor at the Centre for Advanced 2D Materials, National University of Singapore. He is also the Langworthy Professor in the School of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Manchester. His work on graphene with Andre Geim earned them the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2010.
Konstantin Novoselov was born in Nizhny Tagil, Soviet Union, in 1974. He graduated from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology with a MSc degree in 1997, and was awarded a PhD from the Radboud University of Nijmegen in 2004 for work supervised by Andre Geim.
Novoselov has published 376 peer-reviewed research papers on several topics including mesoscopic superconductivity (Hall magnetometry) as of June 22, 2018, subatomic movements of magnetic domain walls, the discovery of gecko tape and graphene.,
Novoselov was the first Director of the National Graphene Institute and sits on the International Scientific Advisory Committee of Australia's ARC Centre of Excellence in Future Low-Energy Electronics Technologies.
In 2014 Kostya Novoselov was included in the list of the most highly cited researchers. He was also named among the 17 hottest researchers worldwide—"individuals who have published the greatest number of hot papers during 2012–2013".
Awards and honours
- 2007 Nicholas Kurti European Science Prize "to promote and recognise the novel work of young scientists working in the fields of Low Temperatures and/or High Magnetic Fields."
- 2008 Technology Review-35 Young Innovator
- 2008 University of Manchester Researcher of the Year.
- 2008 Europhysics Prize, jointly with Geim, "for discovering and isolating a single free-standing atomic layer of carbon (graphene) and elucidating its remarkable electronic properties.",
- 2008 International Union of Pure and Applied Physics Young Scientist Prize, "for his contribution in the discovery of graphene and for pioneering studies of its extraordinary properties."
- 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics, jointly with Andre Geim, "for groundbreaking experiments regarding the material graphene." Novoselov was the youngest Nobel laureate in physics since Brian Josephson in 1973, and in any field since Rigoberta Menchú (Peace) in 1992.
- 2010 Knight Commander of the Order of the Netherlands Lion
- 2010 Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (HonFRSC)
- 2010 Honorary Professor of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
- 2011 Honorary Doctorate from the University of Manchester
- 2011 Honorary Fellow of the Institute of Physics (HonFInstP)
- 2011 Elected Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS)
- 2011 W. L. Bragg Lecture Prize from the International Union of Crystallography "... for his work on two-dimensional atomic crystals”
- 2012 Knight Bachelor in the 2012 New Year Honours for services to science.,
- 2012 Chosen among "Britain's 50 New Radicals" by NESTA and The Observer
- 2012 The Kohn Prize Lecture “...for development of new class of materials: two-dimensional atomic crystals”
- 2013 Appointed Langworthy Professor of Physics, University of Manchester
- 2013 Leverhulme Medal (Royal Society) "...for revolutionary work on graphene, other two-dimensional crystals and their heterostructures that has great potential for a number of applications, from electronics to energy"
- 2013 Awarded Honorary Freedom of the City of Manchester "for his groundbreaking work on graphene", see List of Freedom of the City recipients
- 2013 Elected a foreign member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
- 2014 2nd place in the Discovery Section of the National Science Photography Competition.
- 2014 included in a list of the most highly cited researchers. He was also named among the 17 hottest researchers worldwide – "individuals who have published the greatest number of hot papers during 2012–2013".
- 2014 awarded the Onsager Medal.
- 2015 elected to be a member of the Academia Europaea.
- 2016 awarded the Carbon Medal.
- 2016 awarded the Dalton Medal.
- 2019 elected a foreign associate of the US National Academy of Sciences
- 2019 elected to be a member of the Asia Pacific Academy of Materials
- 2019 Otto Warburg Prize and Lecture by The Otto Warburg Chemistry Foundation "for the discovery of the unusual quantum properties of one atom thick two-dimensional materials"
- 2022 awarded John von Neumann Professor title. The title is awarded jointly by the Budapest University of Technology and Economics (BME) and the John von Neumann Computer Society
His certificate of election to the Royal Society in 2011 reads
Kostya Novoselov's research interests cover a wide range of topics from mesoscopic superconductivity and ferromagnetism to materials science and biophysics. He studied vortex structures in mesoscopic superconductors, observed atomic-scale movements of ferromagnetic walls, monitored heartbeats of individual bacteria and mimicked gecko's adhesion mechanism. His breakthrough moment was the discovery of graphene. Novoselov is now widely recognised to be one of the pioneers in this field (as a number of international awards prove) and, together with Prof Geim FRS, leads research on various applications of this new material ranging from electronics, photonics, composite materials, chemistry, etc. Prof. Novoselov is strongly committed to disseminating science through public lectures and media interviews.
National Graphene Institute
Novoselov led the academic team which overviewed the design, construction and launching of the National Graphene Institute. He contributed with a number of unique architectural and technical solutions. The veil of the National Graphene Institute depicts formulae from his and Prof. A. Geim early works on graphene. Also, Novoselov confirms that among the formulae several scientific jokes are hidden, though he has never revealed them.
He co-authored a book on the architecture of the National Graphene Institute.
In 2018, in a project of exploration of the archives of the Jodrell Bank Observatory, Prof. Novoselov helped Prof. Tim O'Brian to transcribe radio transmission (most possibly simulated instrument reading) from the Soviet Zond 6 received by radio telescope at Jodrell Bank Observatory in November 1968.,
Novoselov is known for his interest in art. He practices in Chinese traditional drawing and has been involved in several projects on modern art. Thus, in February 2015 he combined forces with Cornelia Parker to create a display for the opening of the Whitworth Art Gallery. Cornelia Parker's meteorite shower firework (pieces of meteorites loaded in firework) was launched by Novoselov breathing on graphene gas sensor (which changed the resistance of graphene due to doping by water vapour). Graphene was obtained through exfoliation of graphite which was extracted from a drawing of William Blake. Novoselov suggested that he also exfoliated graphite obtained from the drawings of other prominent artists: John Constable, Pablo Picasso, J. M. W. Turner, Thomas Girtin. He said that only microscopic amounts (flake size less than 100 micrometres) was extracted from each of the drawings. In 2015 he participated in "in conversation" session with Douglas Gordon during Interdependence session at Manchester International Festival.
He also participates in discussions on the relation between art and science. Novoselov believes that artists and scientists both rely on curiosity, willingness to learn and imagination:
Artists and scientists both think outside the box. They've got to come with genius experiments or ideas to expose the most interesting phenomena. Later, they've got to diverge a little bit because scientists will start to look at the common elements between many of the phenomena to describe the most general law, and artists will probably try to study individuals rather than the crowd as a whole. But we're just two sides of the same medal.
Novoselov is fond of Chinese calligraphy and drawing. He learned it from a prominent Chinese artist Zheng Shenglong. Nine ink paintings by Prof. Novoselov were shown at the exhibition "Britain Through the Eyes of a Chinese Diplomat" at the University of Leeds. One of his paintings is now in the collection of President of China Xi Jinping.
Novoselov participated in Viennacontemporary in 2017, where 5 of his works have been presented by RDI.Creative gallery. The paintings presented a range of topics, from the very traditional Chinese paintings to landscapes to contemporary subjects. It is claimed that graphene ink has been used in at least some of those paintings.
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- Novoselov, Konstantin S. (2004). Development and applications of mesoscopic hall microprobes (PhD thesis). Radboud University Nijmegen. ISBN 9090183663
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- Kostya Novoselov G-9581-2014 ResearcherID
- Geim, A. K.; Dubonos, S. V.; Grigorieva, I. V.; Novoselov, K. S.; Peeters, F. M.; Schweigert, V. A. (2000). "Non-quantized penetration of magnetic field in the vortex state of superconductors". Nature. 407 (6800): 55–57. arXiv:cond-mat/0009126. Bibcode:2000Natur.407...55G. doi:10.1038/35024025. PMID 10993068. S2CID 4426604.
- Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K.; Dubonos, S. V.; Hill, E. W.; Grigorieva, I. V. (2003). "Subatomic movements of a domain wall in the Peierls potential". Nature. 426 (6968): 812–816. arXiv:cond-mat/0312631. Bibcode:2003Natur.426..812N. doi:10.1038/nature02180. PMID 14685231. S2CID 14047262.
- Geim, A. K.; Dubonos, S. V.; Grigorieva, I. V.; Novoselov, K. S.; Zhukov, A. A.; Shapoval, S. Y. (2003). "Microfabricated adhesive mimicking gecko foot-hair" (PDF). Nature Materials. 2 (7): 461–463. Bibcode:2003NatMa...2..461G. doi:10.1038/nmat917. PMID 12776092. S2CID 19995111.
- "From Nanomatierial to Global Expansion". graphene.manchester.ac.uk/explore/the-story-of-graphene/from-nanomaterial-to-global-explosion/. The University of Manchester. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- Geim, A. K.; Novoselov, K. S. (2007). "The rise of graphene". Nature Materials. 6 (3): 183–191. arXiv:cond-mat/0702595. Bibcode:2007NatMa...6..183G. doi:10.1038/nmat1849. PMID 17330084. S2CID 14647602.
- Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K.; Morozov, S. V.; Jiang, D.; Katsnelson, M. I.; Grigorieva, I. V.; Dubonos, S. V.; Firsov, A. A. (2005). "Two-dimensional gas of massless Dirac fermions in graphene". Nature. 438 (7065): 197–200. arXiv:cond-mat/0509330. Bibcode:2005Natur.438..197N. doi:10.1038/nature04233. PMID 16281030. S2CID 3470761.
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- "Introducing graphene". Archived from the original on 21 December 2021.
- Brumfiel, G. (2012). "Britain's big bet on graphene: Manchester institute will focus on commercial applications of atom-thick carbon sheets". Nature. 488 (7410): 140–141. Bibcode:2012Natur.488..140B. doi:10.1038/488140a. PMID 22874942.
- Astrophysics Data System
- Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K.; Morozov, S. V.; Jiang, D.; Zhang, Y.; Dubonos, S. V.; Grigorieva, I. V.; Firsov, A. A. (2004). "Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films" (PDF). Science. 306 (5696): 666–669. arXiv:cond-mat/0410550. Bibcode:2004Sci...306..666N. doi:10.1126/science.1102896. PMID 15499015. S2CID 5729649.
- Castro Neto, A. H.; Peres, N. M. R.; Novoselov, K. S.; Geim, A. K. (2009). "The electronic properties of graphene". Reviews of Modern Physics. 81 (1): 109–162. arXiv:0709.1163. Bibcode:2009RvMP...81..109C. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.81.109. S2CID 5650871.
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- Novoselov, Kostya S.; Yaneva, Albena (1 July 2020). "The New Architecture of Science". doi:10.1142/11840. ISBN 978-981-12-2067-8. Retrieved 1 July 2020.
- "Audio archive of Soviet Zond 6 lunar mission released by Jodrell Bank". Retrieved 14 December 2019.
- "Transcript of Jodrell Bank recordings of Russian probe Zond 6 from November 1968" (PDF). Retrieved 14 December 2019.
- "Bridging Two Cultures" (in German). Archived from the original on 19 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
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- "Открытое письмо российских учёных и научных журналистов против войны с Украиной" [An open letter from Russian scientists and scientific journalist against the war in Ukraine] (in Russian). 24 February 2022. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
- Interview in ScienceWatch on his research fields
- Portrait of Novoselov and Geim following the announcement of the Nobel Prize Archived 8 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Selected research papers by Konstantin Novoselov and Andre Geim
- Russians scoop Nobel for creation of graphene Archived 13 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine
- Kostya Novoselov's art website
- Konstantin Novoselov on Nobelprize.org