Korňa

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Location of Čadca District in the Žilina Region

Korňa is a village and municipality in Čadca District in the Žilina Region of northern Slovakia.

Geography[edit]

Scenic village is situated in Beskydy Mountains, closely town Turzovka, location 18°32′10″ E, 48°24′42″ N, elevation above sea-level 559 m (community centre). It lies very near to Czech and Polish borderlines. Nearby communities are villages of Klokočov and Kelčov (sk).

Climate[edit]

Climate is typical for this mountainous terrain—relatively cool with large annual rainfall. Ultra high snowfalls in the winter of 2005/2006 cut off this village from the rest of the country and actually required military help to dig out its inhabitants—a fact still deeply engraved in the memory of many citizens.

Territorial division[edit]

Korňa is unofficially divided to three parts - Korňa I, Korňa II, and Korňa III. Fine segmentation used surnames of original owner/keeper of settlement, for example: U Šprčoka, Zlámaná, U Jendriskov, U Gajdoší, U Ďurkáčí, U Zelenkov, Hrtúsov, Dubačí, Sobčákov, Marcov, and so on. A community centre is situated between municipal office and local church, where are also guest-houses, apartments, shops, and pubs.

Speech[edit]

Local dialect is a mixture of Slovak, Czech, and Polish loan-words, idioms and terms, drawn from local (but rarely used) form of secret language of tinkers craftsmen called "krpoština."

Building, architecture, attractions, tourism[edit]

Natural petroleum spring in Korňa

There are two churches - original wooden and new, modern church from 1994. Authentic dwelling was rustic wooden cottages. Former wooden pub is now in open-air museum at Vychylovka; still serve its original purpose. Local natural attraction is Korňa's petroleum spring - ([1]), which is highest Central-European spontaneous petroleum outflow. Citizens used this petroleum for lighting purposes; fellow used petroleum as conserve agent for his cottage. It never decomposed, it burns. Korňa is also well-known of Holy place on Živčák Hill (Živčákova), where past century local man saw a Virgin Mary’s apparition. Thousands of people yearly wandered on this place; water springs has a miraculous effects. In chapel (holy shrine) on Živčák's top are regularly saintly Masses. One from entry roads goes across Korňa's Calvary. Korňa, surrounded by mountains, is good tourist’s destination and mushroom collector’s paradise. Village has a very promising perspective of agro tourism expansion in the nearest period. Lot of people invests in this area to rusts, cottages and homes. Accommodation information is presented at official site ([2]).

Economy and employment[edit]

In the past this was a poor region, a lot of citizens moved abroad, especially in inter-war period to the USA, post second world war to the Sudetes (for example Krnov). Previous regime decrease and inhibiting region’s development, the reason was very simple - people became as reserve workers especially for industrial areas at northern Moravia and region of Žilina. People used leave their homes to find work.

Transport[edit]

Hilly terrain gives opportunity reach the village at the route Turzovka - Klokočov. Direction from Makov is possible entrance through village Kelčov, part of way is in forest; off-road is strongly recommended. Bus connection: from Turzovka meet to railroad Čadca - Žilina.

History[edit]

Until 1954, Korňa was borough of municipality named Turzovka. Turzovka used to be the largest "village" municipality in the entire former Czechoslovakia. When Korňa separated from the greater municipality of Turzovka is not known (please add). Current Korňa is formed by incorporating two boroughs of Lower Korňa (Nižná Korňa) and Upper Korňa (Vyšná Korňa) into single municipality, currently subdivided into three administrative boroughs.

Most common surnames in village[edit]

STANÍK 49×; JENDRISKOVÁ 36×; JENDRISEK 36×; SLEZÁK 36×; STANÍKOVÁ 35×; SLEZÁKOVÁ 34×; KOTEK 31×; SMAŽÁK 30×; MALÍK 29×; GAJDOŠ 25×; ĎURKÁČOVÁ 23×; MALÍKOVÁ 23×; HRTUS 23×; SABELA 21×; GAJDOŠOVÁ 21×; BOHÁČIKOVÁ 20×; JEŽÍK 20×; PAĽUCH 20×; STOLÁRIK 20×; JAROŠOVÁ 20×; SRNIČEK 20×; BIELČIK 20×; ĎURKÁČ 20×; KORDULIAK 19×; HRTÚS 19×; SMAŽÁKOVÁ 19×; DUBÁČ 19×; BOHÁČIK 19×; KADUCH 19×; JAROŠ 18×; ODROBIŇÁK 18×; SRNIČKOVÁ 18×; PLEŠIVČÁKOVÁ 17×; SOBČÁK 17×; SOBČÁKOVÁ 17×; PLEŠIVČÁK 16×; HRTUSOVÁ 16×; JEŽÍKOVÁ 16×; JANEŠÍK 15×; SKORČÍK 15×; STOLÁRIKOVÁ 15×; VESELKA 15×; KOTKOVÁ 15×; KORČEK 14×; VESELKOVÁ 14×; SABELOVÁ 14×; MLKVIK 14×; KADUCHOVÁ 14×; ODROBIŇÁKOVÁ 14×; BARČÁKOVÁ 14×; SADLEK 14×; KOTEKOVÁ 13×; BARIČÁK 13×; HORČIČÁK 13×; MLKVIKOVÁ 13×;KORNAMIES 12× FATURA 12×; PAĽUCHOVÁ 12×; JANEŠÍKOVÁ 12×; KORČEKOVÁ 12×; CHRENŠČ 12×; DUBAČ 12×; STRAKA 12×; CHROMÍK 12×; CHYLÍK 12×; MIKOVČÁK 12×; SADLEKOVÁ 12×; ŠAMAJOVÁ 12×; SRNÍČEK 11×; SKORČÍKOVÁ 11×; UČNÍK 11×; BIELČIKOVÁ 11×; TKÁČIKOVÁ 11×; DUBÁČOVÁ 11×; PALICA 10×; MICHALISKOVÁ 10×; ŠAMAJ 10×; FATUROVÁ 10×; KORDULIAKOVÁ 10×; CHRENŠŤ 10×; HRTÚSOVÁ 10×; ULČÁKOVÁ 10×; KUBALOVÁ 10×; STANIKOVÁ 10×; MIKOVČÁKOVÁ 10×; ŠPORÍK 9×; MICHALISKO 9×; ŠKORNÍK 9×; ŠKORNÍKOVÁ 9×; TKÁČIK 9×; SRNÍČKOVÁ 9×; VYROBÍKOVÁ 9×; CHRENŠČOVÁ 9×; HURÍK 8×; CHYLÍKOVÁ 8×; ULČÁK 8×; STRAKOVÁ 8×; CHRENŠŤOVÁ 8×; VYROBÍK 8×; BLAŽEK 8×; KUBALA 8×

Genealogical resources[edit]

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Bytca, Slovakia"

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°24′48″N 18°32′28″E / 49.4133°N 18.5411°E / 49.4133; 18.5411