Kora-class corvette

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INS Kulish (P63) is underway with U.S. and Indian navy ships during Exercise Malabar 2012.jpg
INS Kulish (P63) during Exercise Malabar 2012
Class overview
Name: Kora class
Builders: GRSE
Operators:

 Indian Navy

 National Coast Guard of Mauritius
Preceded by: Khukri class
Succeeded by: Kamorta class
Cost: 2.4 billion (US$35 million)
Completed: 5
Active: 5
General characteristics [1]
Type: Guided missile corvette
Displacement: 1,460 short tons (1,320 t) (full load)
Length: 91.1 m (299 ft)
Beam: 10.5 m (34 ft)
Draught: 4.5 m (15 ft)
Propulsion: 2 × SEMT Pielstick/Kirloskar 18 PA6V 280 diesel engines (14,400 PS, 10,600 kW); 2 shafts
Speed: 25 kn (46 km/h; 29 mph)
Range: 4,000 mi (6,400 km) at 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Complement: 134 including 14 officers
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • MR-352 (NATO: Cross Dome) E/F-band air search radar
  • Granit Garpun B (NATO: Plank Shave) I/J-band air and surface search radar
  • MR-123 (NATO: Bass Tilt) H/I-band fire control radar (P61 only)
  • BEL Lynx I-band fire control radar (P62, P63 and P64)
  • BEL 1245 I-band navigation radar
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
  • 16 × Kh-35 (SS-N-25) SSM (4 x quad launchers)
  • SA-N-5 Grail launcher for air defence missiles
  • 1 × 76 mm 60-cal AK-176 gun (P61)
  • 1 × 76 mm 62-cal Otobreda gun (P62, P63 and P64)
  • 2 × 30 mm 65-cal AK-630 CIWS
Aircraft carried: 1 × HAL Dhruv or HAL Chetak

Kora-class corvettes are 1,350-ton guided missile corvettes, in active service with the Indian Navy.[2] Four vessels were built at Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers (GRSE) and outfitted at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL).

Design[edit]

The primary role of the Kora class is as surface combatants. They are armed with four quad-launchers for 3M-24 anti-ship missiles (Russian: Kh-35 Uran, NATO: SS-N-25 Switchblade).[3] The 3M-24E missile is guided by homing active radar and can carry 145 kg (320 lb) a warhead to a range of 130 km (81 mi) at Mach 0.9 speed. They are powered by two diesel engines.[4] A HAL Chetak or HAL Dhruv helicopter can operate from the vessel. They also have anti-air shoulder-launched missiles (Strela-2M (Nato code name: SA-N-5 Grail)).The Strela-2M has a range of 4.2 km (2.6 mi) and a speed of Mach 1.75. INS Kulish is equipped with two Igla surface-to-air missile launchers.

The corvettes are armed with a 76 mm (3.0 in) Ak-176 dual-purpose gun and two 30 mm (1.2 in) AK-630 CIWS. The Ak-176 can fire at the rate of 120 rounds-per-minute (RPM) to a range of 15.5 km (9.6 mi), while the AK-630 can fire 3,000RPM to a range of 2 km (1.2 mi). INS Kirch and INS Kulish are fitted with a 76 mm (3.0 in) Otobreda super rapid gun firing 120RPM.

The sensor suite includes a MR-352 Pozitiv-E (Cross Dome) air or surface search radar, Bharat 1245 navigation radar and BEL Rani navigation radar. The MR-352 radar can track targets within a range of 130 km (81 mi). Fire control is provided by Garpun-Bal and MR-123 radars. The Garpun-Bal radar combines active and passive channels and in the active target designation mode, it operates in X-band (I/J-band) and can handle up to 150 targets at ranges between 35 km (22 mi) - 45 km (28 mi), although it is possible to obtain ranges of more than 180 km (110 mi) in wave-guide propagation conditions.

The corvettes are fitted with the Ajanta P Mk II Electronic Support Measures system. There are four PK-10 chaff launchers and two towed torpedo decoys to deceive incoming anti-ship missiles and torpedoes. PK-10 is a 10 tube 120 mm (4.7 in) barrage chaff launcher that can fire 80 rounds at a time.

The Kora class is powered by two diesel engines driving two controllable pitch propellers through two shafts. Each engine is rated at 7,100 horsepower (5,300 kW). Four diesel alternators rated at 350kW are provided for power generation. The propulsion system provides a top speed of 25 kn (46 km/h; 29 mph), an average speed of 16 kn (30 km/h; 18 mph) and a maximum range of 4,000 nmi (7,400 km; 4,600 mi).

Each ship cost approximately 2.4 billion (US$35 million).

History[edit]

The Kora-class corvettes were designed by India's Naval design bureau under Project 25A, as a replacement for the Russian-designed Petya II-class corvettes of the Indian Navy. The first two were ordered in April 1990 and latter two in October 1994. The class was to be outfitted with the Trishul SAM, but following the cancellation of the Trishul project, a shoulder-launched SAM was adopted.

INS Kora undertook a goodwill visit to Singapore in mid-2001. The corvette participated in the Republic of Singapore Navy Day celebrations followed by the International Maritime Defence Exhibition (IMDEX) Asia 2001. The participation of INS Kora in the International Maritime Defence Exhibition was a showcase of the Indian shipbuilding industry and its indigenous efforts.

Export[edit]

In 2012, it was reported that Mauritius had ordered 2 vessels based on this class from the Garden Reach Shipbuilders.[5]

Ships of this class[edit]

Name Pennant Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Homeport Status
India
Kora P61 GRSE 10 January 1990 23 September 1992 10 August 1998[1] Visakhapatnam Active
Kirch P62 31 January 1990 28 September 1995 22 January 2001[1]
Kulish P63 4 October 1995 18 August 1997 20 August 2001[1] Port Blair[6][7][8]
Karmuk P64 27 August 1997 6 April 2000 4 February 2004[1]
Mauritius
Barracuda GRSE 23 April 2012 2 August 2013[9] 12 March 2015[10] Active

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Commodore Stephen Saunders, ed. (2005). "India". Jane's Fighting Ships 2005-2006 (108th ed.). Coulsdon: Jane's Information Group. p. 321. ISBN 0710626924.
  2. ^ Indian Naval Ships-Corvettes-Khukri Class Archived 19 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Project 25A Kora Class". globalsecurity.org. 9 July 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  4. ^ "Kora (Type 25A) Class". Bharat-Rakshak.com. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  5. ^ "Surface Force: An Indian First". Strategy Page. 30 April 2012. Retrieved 30 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Andaman islands get first missile Corvette". India Today. PTI. 6 April 2016. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  7. ^ "INS Kulish joins ANC". The Echo of India. Port Blair. 21 December 2017.
  8. ^ Roy, Sanjib Kumar (21 December 2017). "INS KULISH arrives in Andaman and Nicobar Command". Andaman Sheekha.
  9. ^ Bipindra, N C (3 August 2013). "India-made warship for Mauritius launched". The New Indian Express.
  10. ^ "State Visit of Indian PM: New OPV, the CGS Barracuda, commissioned". Government of Mauritius. 16 March 2015.