Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency

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Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency
질병관리청
疾病管理廳
Symbol of KDCA.jpg
Agency overview
Formed18 December 2003
12 September 2020 (expanded)
Preceding agencies
  • Central Health Centre (1949–60)
  • National Institute of Health (1960–67)
  • National Institute of Public Health Training (1967–81)
  • National Institute of Health (1981–2003)
  • Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2003–20)
JurisdictionGovernment of South Korea
Headquarters187, Osongsaengmyeong 2-ro, Osong-eup, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju, Chungcheongbuk-do, South Korea
Employees1,476
Agency executives
Parent departmentMinistry of Health and Welfare
Child agencies
  • Korea National Institute of Health (KNIH)
  • Regional Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • National Quarantine Station
Websitewww.kdca.go.kr/cdc_eng/

Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA; Korean질병관리청; Hanja疾病管理廳), formerly Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC, Korean질병관리본부) is an organisation under the South Korean Ministry of Welfare and Health that is responsible for organ transplant and advancement of public health by managing prevention, survey, quarantine, trial and research on infectious diseases, chronic and rare illnesses and injuries. It was founded in December 2003 and is located in Osong Health Technology Administration Complex in Cheongju.[1] The organisation is led by vice-ministerial-level Commissioner of KDCA.[2][3]

History[4][edit]

  • July 14, 1949: Central Health Centre was created under Ministry of Health
  • January 1, 1960: renamed to Central Health Institute
  • August 12, 1960: renamed to National Institute of Health
  • December 17, 1963: merged with National Chemical Laboratories, National Laboratory of Herb Medicine and National Institute of Public Health Training
  • February 1, 1967: renamed to National Institute of Public Health Training
  • November 1981: renamed to National Institute of Health
  • December 23, 1994: re-organised under Ministry of Health and Welfare
  • December 18, 2003: changed to Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC)
  • December 2010: moved its headquarters to Osong
  • April 2012: National Central Human Body Resource Bank was founded under KNIH of KCDC[5]
  • September 12, 2020: restructured into an expanded Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) under the Ministry with more autonomy and resources[6]

Its history is in line with the major infectious disease outbreaks in South Korea. After the SARS outbreak in 2003, the then-National Institute of Health was restructured to the American CDC-like KCDC. After the MERS outbreak in 2015, the head of KCDC was promoted to vice-ministerial level.

Given the 2020 general election where all major parties promised raising KCDC's autonomy by lifting its status to "administration/agency (Korean; Hanja)" and lessons learned from the COVID-19 outbreak, there have been rumors that there will be changes to the organisation in the near future.[7][8] In his special public address to mark his third year in office on 10 May 2020, President Moon Jae-in announced that he will seek revision of legislation to raise the status of the KCDC to the administration.[9]

On 12 September 2020, the KCDC will be expanded into an Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) with more autonomy and resources - most notably 42% increase in its staff and its Center for Infectious Disease Research of KNIH becoming an research institute of KNIH.[10] Director of KCDC, Jeong Eun-kyeong, will continue lead the organisation as its first Commissioner.[11]

Organization[3][edit]

Commissioner of KDCA[edit]

  • Spokesperson
  • Emergency Operations Center (EOC)
  • Director General for Public Health Emergency Preparedness
    • Director for Emergency Response Capacity Development
    • Director for Risk Assessment
    • Director for Epidemiological Investigation Analysis
    • Director for Public Health Emergency Response Research

Vice Commissioner of KDCA

  • Director for Audit and Inspection
  • Director General for Planning and Coordination
    • Director for Planning and Finance
    • Director for Organizational and Legal Affairs
    • Director for International Affairs
    • Director for Information and Statistics
  • Division of General Affairs
  • Bureau of Infectious Disease Policy
    • Division of Infectious Disease Policy Coordination
    • Division of Infectious Disease Control
    • Division of Zoonotic and Vector Borne Disease Control
    • Division of Tuberculosis Prevention and Control
    • Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control
  • Bureau of Infectious Disease Emergency Preparedness and Response
    • Division of Emergency Response
    • Division of Quarantine Policy
    • Division of Healthcare Resopnse Facility Management
    • Division of Medical Stockpile Management
    • Division of Emerging Infectious Diseases
  • Bureau of Infectious Disease Diagnosis Control
    • Division of Laboratory Diagnosis Management
    • Division of Bacterial Diseases
    • Division of Viral Diseases
    • Division of Vectors and Parasitic Diseases
    • Division of High-Risk Pathogens
    • Division of Emerging Infectious Diseases
  • Bureau of Healthcare Safety and Immunization
    • Division of Immunization
    • Division of Healthcare Associated Infection Control
    • Division of Anti.microbial Resistance Control
    • Division of Vaccine Supply
    • Division of Medical Radiation
    • Division of Biosafety Evaluation and Control
  • Bureau of Chronic Disease Prevention and Control
    • Division of Chronic Disease Control
    • Division of Chronic Disease Prevention
    • Division of Rare Disease Management
    • Division of Health and Nutrition Survey and Analysis
    • Director General for Health Hazard Response
      • Division of Health Hazard Response
      • Division of Injury Prevention and Control
      • Division of Climate Change and Health Protection

Child agencies[edit]

Leadership[edit]

Director of KCDC[edit]

  • Kim Moon-sik (2003–2004)
  • Oh Dae-gyu (2004–2007)
  • Lee Jong-gu (2007–2011)
  • Jeon Byeong-yul (2011–2013)
  • Yang Byeong-guk (2013–2016)
  • Jeong Gi-seok (2016–2017)
  • Jeong Eun-kyeong (2017–2020)

Commissioner of KDCA[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "식약청 등 다음달부터 오송 이전 시작; Korea Food & Drug Administration and other government association move to Osong from next month". KTV 국민방송; KTV Gookmin Bangsong (in Korean). 2010-10-20. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  2. ^ 대한민국 법제처, Republic of South Korea department of law (2011-06-15). "국가법령정보센터 | 법 > 본문 - 보건복지부와 그 소속기관 직제; Korea Law Information Center | Law > Main - Ministry of Health and Welfare and associated department organization of office". 국가법령정보센터 Korea Law Information Center. Retrieved 2020-05-02.
  3. ^ a b KDCA. "KDCA". KDCA. Retrieved 2020-09-12.
  4. ^ "질병관리본부 연혁" [History of KCDC] (in Korean).
  5. ^ 국립중앙인체자원은행, National Central Human Body Resource Bank (2019). "History of Bio-bank 인체은행 연혁". nih.go.kr. Retrieved 2020-05-05.
  6. ^ 이치동 (2020-09-08). "(LEAD) KCDC chief tapped as head of new state disease control agency". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  7. ^ 이성택, Sungtaek Lee (2020-04-08). "감염병 발생 때마다 조직 커진 질병관리본부, '질병관리청' 될까 | KCDC grow in size each time the infecting disease appears, would it become the Korean 'Administration' for Disease Control & Prevention". 한국일보 Hankook-ilbo (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  8. ^ "靑 "개각, 하반기 소폭으로...일부 조직 개편 가능성" | Blue House "Cabinet reshuffle, the possibility of minor restructuring some of the organizations... During the second half of the year"". YTN (in Korean). 2020-04-25. Retrieved 2020-04-25.
  9. ^ "Moon Says KCDC to be Elevated to Administration". world.kbs.co.kr. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  10. ^ "질병관리본부, 12일 '질병관리청' 승격…정원 42% 늘어". www.hani.co.kr (in Korean). 2020-09-08. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  11. ^ 이혜인 (2020-09-08). "초대 질병관리청장 정은경 이력은… 보건소 진료의사로 공공의료 첫 발". m.khan.co.kr (in Korean). Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  12. ^ KCDC. "KCDC". KCDC. Retrieved 2020-09-09.
  13. ^ Health, National Institute of. "National Institute of Health". National Institute of Health. Retrieved 2020-09-09.
  14. ^ "조직도".