Korean Christian Federation

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Korean Christian Federation
Formation November 28, 1946; 70 years ago (1946-11-28)
Purpose Represents Protestant Christians
Headquarters Pyongyang, North Korea
Korean Christian Federation
Chosŏn'gŭl 조선그리스도교연맹
Hancha 그리스도
Revised Romanization Joseon Geuriseudogyo Yeonmaeng
McCune–Reischauer Chosŏn Kŭrisŭdogyo Yŏngmaeng

The Korean Christian Federation is a Protestant body in North Korea.[1] The federation is based in the capital city Pyongyang.[2]


The federation was founded on 28 November 1946.[3][4]

Immediately, it declared that it would support the country's leader Kim Il-sung and oppose the formation of the South Korean state.[5] Back then, the organization was led by Kim Il-sung's mothers cousin Kang Ryang-uk.[6] Although Christians in North Korea were mostly anti-communist, about third of them joined the Korean Christian Federation.[7] Christian leaders who refused to join were imprisoned.[5]


The federation is "under close government supervision".[8] The federation itself restricts certain Christian activities.[9]

Officially, institution today comprises 10,000 North Korean Christians,[1] and acts as an inter-denominational organization by playing an important liaison role between the government and the Christians. It is one of three official Protestant bodies recognized in the country.[citation needed]

The federation oversees North Korea's two Protestant churches: Bongsu and Chilgol Church, in Pyongyang.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Tan, Morse (2015). North Korea, International Law and the Dual Crises: Narrative and Constructive Engagement. Oxon: Routledge. p. 73. ISBN 978-1-134-12243-1. 
  2. ^ The Europa World Year: Kazakhstan – Zimbabwe. London: Europa Publications. 2004. p. 2483. ISBN 978-1-85743-255-8. 
  3. ^ Nahm, Andrew C. (1996). Korea: Tradition & Transformation : a History of the Korean People. 한림출판사. p. 525. ISBN 978-1-56591-070-6. 
  4. ^ Belke, Thomas Julian (1999). Juche: A Christian Study of North Korea's State Religion. Bartlesville: Living Sacrifice Book Company. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-88264-329-8. 
  5. ^ a b Wi Jo Kang (1997). Christ and Caesar in Modern Korea: A History of Christianity and Politics. Albany: State University of New York Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-4384-0832-3. 
  6. ^ Armstrong, Charles K. (2003). "The Cultural Cold War in Korea, 1945-1950". The Journal of Asian Studies. 62 (1): 94. JSTOR 3096136. 
  7. ^ Charles K. (2013). Tyranny of the Weak: North Korea and the World, 1950–1992. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. p. 1946. ISBN 978-0-8014-6893-3. 
  8. ^ Baker, Donald L. (2008). Korean Spirituality. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 145. ISBN 978-0-8248-3233-9. 
  9. ^ United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary. Subcommittee on Immigration (2003). Examining the plight of refugees: the case of North Korea : hearing before the Subcommittee on Immigration of the Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate, One Hundred Seventh Congress, second session, June 21, 2002. U.S. G.P.O. 

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