|Subspecies||R. raphanistrum subsp. sativus|
|Cultivar group||White radish|
|Cultivar||Mu / Korean radish|
Although mu (무) is also a generic term for radishes in Korean (as daikon is a generic term for radishes in Japanese), the word is usually used in its narrow sense, referring to the Joseon radish (조선무, Joseonmu). In the context of Korean cuisine, the word Joseon is often used in contrast to Wae to distinguish Korean varieties from Japanese ones; the longer, thinner, and more succulent Japanese daikon cultivated mainly for danmuji is referred to as the Wae radish (왜무, Waemu) in Korea. Korean radishes are generally shorter, stouter, and sturdier than daikon, and have a pale green shade halfway down from the top. They also have a stronger flavour, denser flesh and softer leaves. The greens of Korean radishes are called mucheong (무청) and are used as a vegetable in various dishes.
Korean radishes, like other radishes, are an annual or biennial crop grown for the taproots. The rotund cylindrical roots weigh about 800 grams (28 oz), being approximately 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long with their diameter around 7–8 centimetres (2.8–3.1 in). The flesh of Korean radishes harvested timely is crisp, peppery and sweet.
The upper part of the roots are subterranean stems, from which the long ovate leaves grow. The pinnated leaves with enlarged terminal lobe and smaller lateral lobes are arranged in a rosette. The white to light purple flowers are borne on a racemose inflorescence from April to May. Petals are twice as long as the calyx lobes, which are around 7 millimetres (0.28 in). There is a pistillum and tetradynamous stamen. The fruits are small pods around 4–6 centimetres (1.6–2.4 in), with hard shells and reddish-brown seeds.
Cultivation of radishes in Korea started in the Three Kingdoms era, and the crop was considered one of the most important in the Goryeo era. In 2015, radish is the most widely cultivated crop in South Korea, with a cultivation area of 70,000 hectares (170,000 acres) and an annual yield of 4.5 million tons. Korean radishes take about 3 months to grow. If properly cellar-stored in the unfrozen ground, the radishes harvested in autumn can be preserved until the spring.
- mucheong – radish greens, dried to make siraegi or used fresh in cooking
- mu-mallaengi – dried radish, prepared by julienning radishes and sun-drying them
- musun – radish sprout, grown from radish seeds
- siraegi – dried radish greens or dried leaves of napa cabbages
- ssammu – paper thin radish pickled in vinegar, salt, and sugar. It is one of the ssam vegetables commonly used to wrap samgyeopsal or galbi
- dongchimi – a type of water kimchi, made by pouring boiled and then cooled water to sliced and salted radishes, pickled chili, and the ingredients that are put in a cheesecloth bag: apples, pears, garlics, gingers, chili seeds, scallions, and mustard greens. The ingredients in the cheesecloth bag are taken out after 20–30 days.
- kkakdugi – a type of kimchi, made by marinating cubed and salted radishes with pureed mixture of red chili, scallions, pear, and onion, fish sauce, chili powder, plum syrup, and salt. Chopped scallions are usually sprinkled on top.
- mubap – a type of bap (staple), made of rice and sliced radishes. It is usually served with seasoned soy sauce.
- muguk – a type of guk (soup), made with slices of beef and radish, stir-fried in sesame oil, then cooked with water and soup soy sauce, and seasoned with salt and a dash of black pepper.
- mu-jangajji – a type of jangajji (pickle), made by pan-frying mu-mallaengi (julienned and dried radish) soaked in soy sauce.
- mu-mallaengi-muchim – a type of namul (seasoned vegetable dish), made by mixing soaked mu-mallaengi with pureed mixture of onions and red chili peppers, then adding soy sauce, soup soy sauce, minced garlic and ginger, chili powder, plum syrup, sugar, and toasted sesame seeds.
- mu-namul – a type of namul (seasoned vegetable dish), made by stir-frying julienned and lightly salted radish in sesame oil, then adding chopped scallions, minced garlic, and toasted sesame seeds.
- mu-saengchae – a type of namul, made by seasoning julienned radishes with chili powder, fish sauce, salt, plum syrup, minced garlic, chopped scallions, and toasted sesame seeds.
- mu-sirutteok – a type of tteok (rice cake), more specifically a variety of siru-tteok (steamed rice cake), made by made mixing rice flour with julienned radishes, putting steamed and pounded red beans on top, and steaming them in a siru (earthenware steamer).
- mussam – a type of roll or wrap, made by wrapping shredded vegetables in ssammu (pickled radish paper).
- nabak-kimchi – a type of water kimchi, made by pouring cooled chili powder-water to radishes and napa cabbages which are both cut into thin square slices and salted, and adding sliced scallions, thinly sliced garlic and ginger, and deseeded and thinly julienned red chili peppers. Chili powder-water can be made by putting chili powder in a cheesecloth bag, and massaging the bag in a water seasoned with salt and sugar. Nabakk-imchi is usually served with chopped waterdropwort and toasted pine nuts.
Dongchimi (radish water kimchi)
Kkakdugi (radish kimchi)
Mu-jjanji (salted radish pickle)
Mu-jorim (braised radish)
Mussam (radish wraps)
- "Korean radish : Substitutes, Ingredients, Equivalents". GourmetSleuth. Retrieved 23 December 2016.
- "무" [radish]. Korea Biodiversity Information System (in Korean). Korea National Arboretum. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "무" [radish]. Encyclopedia of Korean Culture (in Korean). Academy of Korean Studies. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "채소생산량(근채류)" [vegetable yields(root vegetables)]. KOSIS – Korean Statistical Information Service (in Korean). Statistics Korea. 18 July 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- Kim, Jin-young (11 June 2016). "Mu: vegetable for all seasons". Koreana. Korea Foundation. Retrieved 27 December 2016.