Koreans in Taiwan
Representative of the Korean Mission in Taipei Oh Sang-sik at the 2006 Samsung Running Festival Taipei
|3,968 (2011, MOFAT)|
3,574 (2012, NIA)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
Though a few Korean fishermen lost at sea during the Joseon Dynasty settled in Taiwan, they never formed a significant population. Even after Japan took control of Taiwan in 1895 and then Korea a decade later, Korean migration to Taiwan was minimal; it was only in the aftermath of the March 1st Movement of 1919 and the associated economic difficulties it caused that Korean migration to Taiwan became a mass phenomenon. Most settled in Keelung and other port cities, where they made a living by fishing. During World War II, some Koreans were also conscripted into labour service and brought to Taiwan. After Japan's defeat in the war ended Japanese rule in Taiwan, an estimated 1,300 Korean soldiers serving with the Imperial Japanese Army and 2,000 civilians organised their own repatriation to the Korean peninsula, and by 1946, only 400-500 Koreans were recorded as living in Taiwan.
The incoming Kuomintang government established comparatively rigid requirements for residence in Taiwan, and so the only Koreans who were able to obtain residence cards were officials and those with skills that would be useful in the postwar reconstruction, such as engineers. Those who remained founded the Korea Association in Taiwan in 1947. Due to the government's policy of discrimination in favour of native fishermen, most Koreans were forced out of the fishing industry, and into agriculture and commerce; they slowly moved away from Keelung, towards other major urban areas such as Taipei and Kaohsiung.
Taiwan's first school for South Korean nationals, the Kaohsiung Korea School (까오숑한국국제학교), was founded on 25 January 1961, while the Taipei Korean Elementary School (타이뻬이한국학교) was founded a year later, on 1 February 1962. As of 2007, the schools enrolled 22 and 50 students, respectively.
In 2011, statistics of South Korea's Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade showed 3,968 South Korean nationals or former nationals living in Taiwan. This represented an increase of 26% over the 2009 figure of 3,158 (2009). 420 had Republic of China nationality, 283 were permanent residents, 686 were international students, and the remaining 2,579 had other kinds of visas. June 2012 statistics of National Immigration Agency (which do not count naturalised citizens formerly holding South Korean nationality) stated that there were 3,574; among them, 1,494 had work authorisation (332 businesspeople, 96 engineers, 47 lecturers, 169 missionaries, 58 unemployed, and 792 authorised for other kinds of work), while the remainder did not (647 homemakers, 774 students, 652 children under the age of 15, and 7 in other categories).
- Cho Myung-Ha (1905-1928), Korean independence activist
- Lee Hyeong-Suk, former South Korean Olympic women's basketball team member, now a coach at Pu-Men High School
- Yoo Ha-na, television actress
- Emily Song, singer and model; member of girl group Dream Girls
- 《재외동포 본문(지역별 상세)》, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, 2011-07-15, p. 64, retrieved 2012-02-25
- "外僑居留人數統計". Taipei: National Immigration Agency. 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- Kim, Seung-il (March 2004). "臺灣 韓僑의 역사적 遷移 상황과 귀환문제 (Expatriate Koreans in Taiwan and Issues and related to Returning to Korea)". 《한국근현대사연구》 [Research on Modern and Contemporary Korean History] (28): 283–311.
- Hwang, Sun-ik (August 2005). "일제강점기 대만지역 한인사회와 강제연행 (Korean Community and Compulsory Seizure during Japanese Forced Occupation in Taiwan)". 《한국독립운동사연구》 [Journal of Korean Independence Movement Studies] (24): 393–398.
- Hwang, Sun-ik (September 2005). "해방 후 대만지역 한인사회와 귀환 (A study on the Korean Society and Korean Repatriation in Taiwan after the Liberation)". 《한국근현대사연구》 [Research on Modern and Contemporary Korean History] (34): 195–220.
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- Korea Association in Taiwan - Hangul: 대만한교협회; Hanja: 臺灣韓僑協會; RR: Daeman Han'gyo Hyeophoe
- "Overseas Korean Educational Institutions: 고웅한국학교". National Institute for International Education Development, Republic of Korea. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- "Overseas Korean Educational Institutions: 타이빼이한국학". National Institute for International Education Development, Republic of Korea. 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- "재외동포현황/Current Status of Overseas Compatriots". South Korea: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-10-23. Retrieved 2009-05-21. Cite journal requires
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- Taipei Korean Elementary School (in Korean)
- Kaohsiung Korea School (in Korean)
- Taipei Korean School - Ministry of Education (Republic of China) (in Chinese)
- Kaoshiung Korean School - Ministry of Education (Republic of China) (in Chinese)