2005 East Asian Football Championship Men's Match
|Other names||China vs South Korea|
East Asia (EAFF)
|First meeting||South Korea 1-0 China|
(17 December 1978)
|Latest meeting||South Korea 2-0 China|
2019 AFC Asian Cup Group C
(16 January 2019)
|Most wins||South Korea (19)|
|Top scorer||Lee Tae-Ho (4)|
|All-time series||South Korea: 19|
Konghanzheng (simplified Chinese: 恐韩症; traditional Chinese: 恐韓症; pinyin: kǒng hán zhèng; literally: 'Fear of Korea Disease'; Korean: 공한증) or Korea-fearing disease, a term coined by Chinese football fans, is a Chinese persistent phenomenon where the senior China national football team has played 34 matches against the South Korea national football team since 1978 but never been able to beat them until the streak was ended on 10 February 2010 in the 2010 East Asian Football Championship. However, the phenomenon persisted after losing 2-0 to South Korea in the 2019 AFC Asian Cup.
The term literally means "the symptom of fearing Korea". This term was originally used by the Chinese mass media and was later adopted by the Korean media as well. Outside of football, it has also been used to denote the frequent defeats suffered by Chinese go players at the hands of Koreans such as Lee Chang-ho.
As of 2010, the Korea Republic football team has recorded 16 wins, 11 draws and 1 loss in its 28 international "A" matches with China. The very first game between the two sides was held in the 1978 Asian Games in Bangkok on December 17, 1978. The Koreans won that game 1–0 with a goal by Cha Bum Kun. In the Olympic Games, the South Korean team has amassed 7 wins and 1 draw against the Chinese side. This term also held true to the Youth teams of the respective countries, until China beat the Korean side 1–0 in the 2000 Asian Youth Championships (though Koreans still keep a dominant record otherwise).
While this term may be seen as an effort to diminish the achievements of the Korean side, the Chinese media has historically taken a positive attitude acknowledging the Korean team's preeminence among East Asian sides. In Korea, this term is often used as a general term for national victory, as when Korean baseball fans express a desire to create "Koreaphobia" among the Japanese.
Lin Xiaohua, the vice chairman of Chinese Football Association said before the match on February 10, 2010, "Koreanphobia comes from the differences in ability, now that becomes much narrower. Therefore, if the mentality is enhanced, our team can overcome Koreanphobia". He also said that the association will invite psychotherapists for the PRC national football team to cope with the psychological pressure and defeatism for the future.
However, South Korea defeated China PR in the 2015 EAFF East Asian Cup with two goals and they resumed Koreaphobia.
On March 23, 2017, China PR defeated South Korea for the first time in an official FIFA competitive match by a score of 1–0 in the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification tournament.
On January 16, 2019, South Korea defeated China 2-0 in the 2019 AFC Asian Cup and topped the group with 9 points.
South Korean's score displayed first.
|1||December 17, 1978||Bangkok||1978 Asian Games||1–0 Win||Cha Bum-Kun|
|2||December 29, 1978||Manila||1980 AFC Asian Cup qualification||1–0 Win||Huh Jung-Moo|
|3||March 1, 1982||Calcutta||Nehru Gold Cup||1–1 Tie||Lee Tae-Ho|
|4||November 3, 1983||Bangkok||1984 Summer Olympics Qualifier 1st Leg||3–3 Tie||Kim Jong-Kun (2 goals), Kim Jong-Boo||Unknown|
|5||November 8, 1983||Bangkok||1984 Summer Olympics Qualifier 2nd Leg||0–0 Tie|
|6||September 28, 1986||Seoul||1986 Asian Games||4–2 Win||Park Chang-Sun, Kim Joo-Sung, Lee Tae-Ho, Cho Min-Gook||Unknown|
|7||December 14, 1988||Doha||1988 AFC Asian Cup||2–1 Win||Lee Tae-Ho (93', 103')||Mai Chao (100')|
|8||October 20, 1989||Singapore||1990 FIFA World Cup qualification||1–0 Win||Kim Joo-Sung (67')|
|9||July 31, 1990||Beijing||1990 Dynasty Cup 1st Round||1–0 Win||Lee Sang-Yoon (26')|
|10||August 3, 1990||Beijing||1990 Dynasty Cup Final||1–1 Tie (PK 5–4)||Hwangbo Kwan (22')||Mai Chao (61')|
|11||September 27, 1990||Beijing||1990 Asian Games||2–0 Win||Seo Jung-Won (2 goals)|
|12||August 26, 1992||Beijing||1992 Dynasty Cup||2–0 Win||Park Hyun-Yong (21'), Jung Jae-Kwon (81')|
|13||February 19, 1995||Hong Kong||1995 Dynasty Cup||0–0 Tie|
|14||September 25, 1996||Seoul||Friendly (1st Korea–China Annual Match 1st leg)||3–1 Win||Seo Jung-Won, Lee Ki-Hyung, Ha Seok-Ju|
|15||November 26, 1996||Guangzhou||Friendly (1st Korea–China Annual Match 2nd leg)||3–2 Win||Roh Sang-Rae, Shin Hong-Gi, Lee Young-jin|
|16||April 23, 1997||Beijing||Friendly (2nd Korea–China Annual Match 1st leg)||2–0 Win||Park Kun-Ha (2 goals)|
|17||August 30, 1997||Seoul||Friendly (2nd Korea–China Annual Match 2nd leg)||0–0 Tie|
|18||March 4, 1998||Yokohama||1998 Dynasty Cup||2–1 Win||Choi Sung-Yong (39'), Lee Sang-Yoon (42')||Li Bing (16')|
|19||June 4, 1998||Seoul||Friendly (3rd Korea–China Annual Match 1st leg)||1–1 Tie||Lee Sang-Yoon|
|20||November 22, 1998||Shanghai||Friendly (3rd Korea–China Annual Match 2nd leg)||0–0 Tie|
|21||July 28, 2000||Beijing||Friendly (4th Korea–China Annual Match)||1–0 Win||Lee Young-Pyo|
|22||November 13, 2000||Tripoli||2000 AFC Asian Cup 1st Round||2–2 Tie||Lee Young-Pyo (30'), Noh Jung-Yoon (58')||Su Maozhen (36'), Fan Zhiyi (66')|
|23||October 29, 2000||Beirut||2000 AFC Asian Cup Third Place Match||1–0 Win||Lee Dong-Gook (76')|
|24||April 27, 2002||Incheon||Friendly||0–0 Tie|
|25||December 7, 2003||Saitama||2003 East Asian Football Championship||1–0 Win||Yoo Sang-Chul (45+1')|
|26||July 31, 2005||Daejon||2005 East Asian Football Championship||1–1 Tie||Kim Jin-Kyu (73')||Sun Xiang (52')|
|27||February 17, 2008||Chongqing||2008 East Asian Football Championship||3–2 Win||Park Chu-Young (42', 63'), Kwak Tae-Hwi (90+1')||Zhou Haibin (46'), Liu Jian (61')|
|28||February 10, 2010||Tokyo||2010 East Asian Football Championship||0–3 Lose||Yu Hai (5'), Gao Lin (27'), Deng Zhuoxiang (60')|
|29||July 24, 2013||Hwaseong||2013 EAFF East Asian Cup||0–0 Tie|
|30||2 August, 2015||Wuhan||2015 EAFF East Asian Cup||2–0 Win||Kim Seung-dae (45'), Lee Jong-ho (58')|
|31||1 September, 2016||Seoul||2018 FIFA World Cup qualification||3–2 Win||Zheng Zhi (20' o.g.), Lee Chung-yong (62'), Koo Ja-cheol (66')||Yu Hai (73'), Hao Junmin (76')|
|32||23 March 2017||Changsha||2018 FIFA World Cup qualification||0–1 Lose||Yu Dabao|
|33||9 December, 2017||Tokyo||2017 EAFF E-1 Football Championship||2–2 Tie||Kim Shin-wook (12'), Lee Jae-sung (19')||Wei Shihao (9'), Yu Dabao (76')|
|34||16 January, 2019||Abu Dhabi||2019 AFC Asian Cup Group C||2–0 Win||Hwang Ui-jo (14'), Kim Min-jae (51')|
U-23 (Olympic & Asian Games)
|1||January 30, 1992||Kuala Lumpur||1992 Summer Olympics Qualifier||3–1 Win||Kwak Kyung-Keun, Seo Jung-Won, Kim Gwi-Hwa||Hao Haidong|
|2||March 31, 1996||Kuala Lumpur||1996 Summer Olympics Qualifier||3–0 Win||Lee Ki-Hyung, Lee Woo-Young (2 goals)|
|3||January 30, 1999||Ho Chi Minh||Dunhill Cup||2–1 Win||Lee Dong-Gook (2 goals)||Zhang Yuning|
|4||February 7, 1999||Ho Chi Minh||Dunhill Cup final||1–0 Win||Choi Chul-Woo|
|5||October 3, 1999||Seoul||2000 Summer Olympics Qualifier 1st Leg||1–0 Win||Shin Byung-Ho|
|6||October 29, 1999||Shanghai||2000 Summer Olympics Qualifier 2nd Leg||1–1 Tie||Lee Dong-Gook||Zhang Yuning|
|7||March 3, 2004||Seoul||2004 Summer Olympics Qualifier 1st Leg||1–0 Win||Cho Jae-Jin|
|8||May 1, 2004||Changsha||2004 Summer Olympics Qualifier 2nd Leg||2–0 Win||Cho Jae-Jin, Kim Dong-Jin|
|9||November 15, 2010||Guangzhou||2010 Asian Games||3–0 Win||Kim Jung-Woo (20'), Park Chu-Young (50'), Cho Young-Cheol (58')|
|10||March 27, 2011||Ulsan||Friendly||1–0 Win||Kim Dong-Sub (13')|
|11||December 8, 2012||Wuhan||Friendly||1–2 Lose||Choe Ji-hoon (25')||Yang Yihu (10'), Zhang Xizhe (90'+1)|
|12||December 11, 2012||Wuhan||Friendly||1–0 Win||Jung Seok-hwa (82')|
|13||November 14, 2014||Wuhan||Friendly||1–1 Tie||Lee Yeong-jae (45')||Wu Xinghan (54')|
|14||November 15, 2015||Wuhan||Friendly||1–1 Tie||Park Yong-woo (76')||Mi Haolun (85')|
- ""공한증 끝!" 중국대륙 들썩". Dong-A Ilbo (online edition). 2004-04-06.
- Zhang Jie (2003-02-26). "Expectation and Disappointment：the Interplay of Chinese Media Reaction and Korean Public During the World Cup". Chinese Academy of Social Sciences articles. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2006-08-16.
- "네티즌들 "또 일본이야? 야구 공한증 만들어주자"". Chosun Ilbo (Korean). Retrieved 2006-08-16.
- Jo Hun-yeon (2004). 전신(戰神) 조훈현. ISBN 89-7278-038-3.
- ‘중국 축구, 32년 공한증 깼다’…축구팬 열광 (in Korean). Munhwa Ilbo. 2010-02-11.
중국축구협회 린샤오화(林曉華)부주석은 10일 경기를 앞두고 “이른바 공한증은 실력의 차이에서 오는 것인데 이제 실력의 차이가 크게 좁혀져있다. 따라서 정신력만 강화한다면 공한증을 극복할 수 있다”면서 앞으로 중국 국가대표팀에 심리치료사를 초빙해 선수들이 심리적인 부담감과 패배감을 극복하도록 할 방침이라고 말하기도 했다.