Konghanzheng

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"Koreaphobia" redirects here. For Dislike of Koreans, see Anti-Korean sentiment.
Konghanzheng
2005 East Asian Football Championship Korea Republic vs China PR (1).jpg
2005 East Asian Football Championship Men's Match
Other names Korea Rep. vs China PR
Locale East Asia
Teams Korea Republic, China PR

Konghanzheng (simplified Chinese: 恐韩症; traditional Chinese: 恐韓症; pinyin: kǒng hán zhèng; literally: "Fear of Korea Disease"; Korean: 공한증) or Korea-fearing disease, a term coined by Chinese football fans, was a Chinese persistent phenomenon where the senior China PR national football team has played 28 matches against the Korea Republic national football team since 1978 but never been able to beat them until the streak ended on 10 February 2010 when Korea was beaten 3–0 in the 2010 East Asian Football Championship Final Competition.

Overview[edit]

The term literally means "the symptom of fearing Korea". This term was originally used by the Chinese mass media and was later adopted by the Korean media as well. Outside of football, it has also been used to denote the frequent defeats suffered by Chinese go players at the hands of Koreans such as Lee Chang-ho.[1]

As of 2010, the Korea Republic football team has recorded 16 wins, 11 draws and 1 loss in its 28 international "A" matches with China. The very first game between the two sides was held in the 1978 Asian Games in Bangkok on December 17, 1978. The Koreans won that game 1–0 with a goal by Cha Bum Kun. The most recent match was at the 3rd East Asian tournament in Chongqing on February 17, 2008. At that time, Park Chu-Young and Kwak Tae-Hwi scored and Korea won by 3–2. In the Olympic Games, the South Korean team has amassed 7 wins and 1 draw against the Chinese side. This term also held true to the Youth teams of the respective countries, until China beat the Korean side 1–0 in the 2000 Asian Youth Championships (though Koreans still keep a dominant record otherwise).

While this term may be seen as an effort to diminish the achievements of the Korean side, the Chinese media has historically taken a positive attitude acknowledging the Korean team's preeminence among East Asian sides.[2] In Korea, this term is often used as a general term for national victory, as when Korean baseball fans express a desire to create "Koreaphobia" among the Japanese.[3]

This concept is often paired with the Korean Wave (Hallyu) in Korean discourse regarding their relationship with China and other Asian countries.[4]

Lin Xiaohua, the vice chairman of Chinese Football Association said before the match on February 10, 2010, "Koreanphobia comes from the differences in ability, now that becomes much narrower. Therefore, if the mentality is enhanced, our team can overcome Koreanphobia". He also said that the association will invite psychotherapists for the PRC national football team to cope with the psychological pressure and defeatism for the future.[5]

However, South Korea defeated China PR in the 2015 EAFF East Asian Cup with two goals and they resumed Koreaphobia.

On March 23, 2017, China PR defeated South Korea for the first time in an official FIFA sanctioned match by a score of 1-0 in the 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification tournament.

All-time records[edit]

South Korean's score displayed first.

Men's[edit]

National Team[edit]

# Date Venue Competition Results Scorers
1 December 17, 1978 Bangkok 1978 Asian Games 1–0 Win Cha Bum-Kun
2 December 29, 1978 Manila 1980 AFC Asian Cup qualification 1–0 Win Huh Jung-Moo
3 March 1, 1982 Calcutta Nehru Gold Cup 1–1 Tie Lee Tae-Ho
4 November 3, 1983 Bangkok 1984 Summer Olympics Qualifier 1st Leg 3–3 Tie Kim Jong-Kun (2 goals), Kim Jong-Boo Unknown
5 November 8, 1983 Bangkok 1984 Summer Olympics Qualifier 2nd Leg 0–0 Tie
6 September 28, 1986 Seoul 1986 Asian Games 4–2 Win Park Chang-Sun, Kim Joo-Sung, Lee Tae-Ho, Cho Min-Gook Unknown
7 December 14, 1988 Doha 1988 AFC Asian Cup 2–1 Win Lee Tae-Ho (93', 103') Mai Chao (100')
8 October 20, 1989 Singapore 1990 FIFA World Cup qualification 1–0 Win Kim Joo-Sung (67')
9 July 31, 1990 Beijing 1990 Dynasty Cup 1st Round 1–0 Win Lee Sang-Yoon (26')
10 August 3, 1990 Beijing 1990 Dynasty Cup Final 1–1 Tie (PK 5–4) Hwangbo Kwan (22') Mai Chao (61')
11 September 27, 1990 Beijing 1990 Asian Games 2–0 Win Seo Jung-Won (2 goals)
12 August 26, 1992 Beijing 1992 Dynasty Cup 2–0 Win Park Hyun-Yong (21'), Jung Jae-Kwon (81')
13 February 19, 1995 Hong Kong 1995 Dynasty Cup 0–0 Tie
14 September 25, 1996 Seoul Friendly 3–1 Win Seo Jung-Won, Lee Ki-Hyung, Ha Seok-Ju
15 November 26, 1996 Guangzhou Friendly 3–2 Win Roh Sang-Rae, Shin Hong-Gi, Lee Young-jin
16 April 23, 1997 Beijing Friendly 2–0 Win Park Kun-Ha (2 goals)
17 August 30, 1997 Seoul Friendly 0–0 Tie
18 March 4, 1998 Yokohama 1998 Dynasty Cup 2–1 Win Choi Sung-Yong (39'), Lee Sang-Yoon (42') Li Bing (16')
19 June 4, 1998 Seoul Friendly 1–1 Tie Lee Sang-Yoon
20 November 22, 1998 Shanghai Friendly 0–0 Tie
21 July 28, 2000 Beijing Friendly 1–0 Win Lee Young-Pyo
22 November 13, 2000 Tripoli 2000 AFC Asian Cup 1st Round 2–2 Tie Lee Young-Pyo (30'), Noh Jung-Yoon (58') Su Maozhen (36'), Fan Zhiyi (66')
23 October 29, 2000 Beirut 2000 AFC Asian Cup Third Place Match 1–0 Win Lee Dong-Gook (76')
24 April 27, 2002 Incheon Friendly 0–0 Tie
25 December 7, 2003 Saitama 2003 East Asian Football Championship 1–0 Win Yoo Sang-Chul (45+1')
26 July 31, 2005 Daejon 2005 East Asian Football Championship 1–1 Tie Kim Jin-Kyu (73') Sun Xiang (52')
27 February 17, 2008 Chongqing 2008 East Asian Football Championship 3–2 Win Park Chu-Young (42', 63'), Kwak Tae-Hwi (90+1') Zhou Haibin (46'), Liu Jian (61')
28 February 10, 2010 Tokyo 2010 East Asian Football Championship 0–3 Lose Yu Hai (5'), Gao Lin (27'), Deng Zhuoxiang (60')
29 July 24, 2013 Hwaseong 2013 EAFF East Asian Cup 0–0 Tie
30 2 August 2015 Wuhan 2015 EAFF East Asian Cup 2–0 Win Kim Seung-dae (45'), Lee Jong-ho (58')
31 1 September 2016 Seoul 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification 3–2 Win Zheng Zhi (20' o.g.), Lee Chung-yong (62'), Koo Ja-cheol (66') Yu Hai (73'), Hao Junmin (76')
32 23 March 2017 Changsha 2018 FIFA World Cup qualification 0–1 Lose Dabao Yu

U-23 (Olympic & Asian Games)[edit]

# Date Venue Competition Results Scorers
1 January 30, 1992 Kuala Lumpur 1992 Summer Olympics Qualifier 3–1 Win Kwak Kyung-Keun, Seo Jung-Won, Kim Gwi-Hwa Hao Haidong
2 March 31, 1996 Kuala Lumpur 1996 Summer Olympics Qualifier 3–0 Win Lee Ki-Hyung, Lee Woo-Young (2 goals)
3 January 30, 1999 Ho Chi Minh Dunhill Cup 2–1 Win Lee Dong-Gook (2 goals) Zhang Yuning
4 February 7, 1999 Ho Chi Minh Dunhill Cup final 1–0 Win Choi Chul-Woo
5 October 3, 1999 Seoul 2000 Summer Olympics Qualifier 1st Leg 1–0 Win Shin Byung-Ho
6 October 29, 1999 Shanghai 2000 Summer Olympics Qualifier 2nd Leg 1–1 Tie Lee Dong-Gook Zhang Yuning
7 March 3, 2004 Seoul 2004 Summer Olympics Qualifier 1st Leg 1–0 Win Cho Jae-Jin
8 May 1, 2004 Changsha 2004 Summer Olympics Qualifier 2nd Leg 2–0 Win Cho Jae-Jin, Kim Dong-Jin
9 November 15, 2010 Guangzhou 2010 Asian Games 3–0 Win Kim Jung-Woo (20'), Park Chu-Young (50'), Cho Young-Cheol (58')
10 March 27, 2011 Ulsan Friendly 1–0 Win Kim Dong-Sub (13')
11 December 8, 2012 Wuhan Friendly 1–2 Lose Choe Ji-Hoon (25') Yang Yihu (10'), Zhang Xizhe (90'+1)
12 December 11, 2012 Wuhan Friendly 1–0 Win Jung Seok-hwa (82')
13 November 14, 2014 Wuhan Friendly 1–1 Tie Lee Yeongjae (45') Wu Xinghan (54')
14 November 15, 2015 Wuhan Friendly 1–1 Tie Park Yong-woo (76') Mi Haolun (85')

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ ""공한증 끝!" 중국대륙 들썩". Dong-A Ilbo (online edition). 2004-04-06. 
  2. ^ Zhang Jie (2003-02-26). "Expectation and Disappointment:the Interplay of Chinese Media Reaction and Korean Public During the World Cup". Chinese Academy of Social Sciences articles. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2006-08-16. 
  3. ^ "네티즌들 "또 일본이야? 야구 공한증 만들어주자"". Chosun Ilbo (Korean). Retrieved 2006-08-16. 
  4. ^ Jo Hun-yeon (2004). 전신(戰神) 조훈현. ISBN 89-7278-038-3. 
  5. ^ ‘중국 축구, 32년 공한증 깼다’…축구팬 열광 (in Korean). Munhwa Ilbo. 2010-02-11. 중국축구협회 린샤오화(林曉華)부주석은 10일 경기를 앞두고 “이른바 공한증은 실력의 차이에서 오는 것인데 이제 실력의 차이가 크게 좁혀져있다. 따라서 정신력만 강화한다면 공한증을 극복할 수 있다”면서 앞으로 중국 국가대표팀에 심리치료사를 초빙해 선수들이 심리적인 부담감과 패배감을 극복하도록 할 방침이라고 말하기도 했다. 

External links[edit]