Koregaon Bhima

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Koregaon Bhima
कोरेगाव-भिमा
Koregaon (कोरेगाव)
Village
Koregaon Bhima is located in Maharashtra
Koregaon Bhima
Koregaon Bhima
Location in Maharashtra, India
Koregaon Bhima is located in India
Koregaon Bhima
Koregaon Bhima
Koregaon Bhima (India)
Coordinates: 18°38′44″N 074°03′33″E / 18.64556°N 74.05917°E / 18.64556; 74.05917Coordinates: 18°38′44″N 074°03′33″E / 18.64556°N 74.05917°E / 18.64556; 74.05917
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
Taluka Shirur
Government
 • Type Panchayati raj (India)
 • Body Gram panchayat
Population (2001)
 • Total 8,999
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-MH
Website pune.nic.in

Koregaon Bhima is a panchayat village[1] and census town[2] in the state of Maharashtra, India,[3] on the left (north) bank of the Bhima River.[4] Administratively, Koregaon Bhima is under Shirur Taluka of Pune District in Maharashtra.[2] There is only the single town of Koregaon Bhima in the Koregaon Bhima gram panchayat.[2] The town of Koregaon Bhima is 10 km along the SH 60 motorway southwest of the village of Shikrapur, and 28 km by road northeast of the city of Pune. It is the site of the Battle of Koregaon fought on 1 January 1818.

History[edit]

The Battle of Koregaon took place on January 1, 1818 between the army of Peshwa Baji Rao II of Maratha Confederacy, and a small East India Company force that included native as well as British men. The Peshwa, whose 28,000-strong force encamped at the nearby Phulgaon, dispatched 2,000 of his soldiers to attack the 834-strong Company force. The Company troops successfully defended themselves against the attack,[5] and the Peshwa withdrew at night fearing the arrival of a larger British force.[6] After the British victory in the Third Anglo-Maratha War, the Company commissioned a victory obelisk) in Koregaon to commemorate its fallen soldiers. 22 of the 49 names of the slain soldiers on the pillar are that of Mahar caste. Today, the Mahars, who were formerly considered as outcastes, regard it as a symbol of their victory over the high-caste Peshwa, and gather in large numbers at the site on the anniversary of the battle.[7]

On January 1, 2018, when Dalits gathered in the nearby Vadhu Budruk to attend an event to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the battle of Koregaon Bhima, there were violent attack. The main event at the victory memorial at Koregaon Bhima was largely peaceful but clashes were reported from neighbouring villages.[8] Due to aggravation of violence, the Dalits of Maharashtra had declared a statewide bandh (shutdown) on 3 January 2018. The bandh turned violent, with the protesters forcibly shutting down establishments, blocking roads and vandalizing vehicles.[9]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2001 census, the village of Koregaon Bhima had 8,999 inhabitants, with 5,178 males (57.5%) and 3,821 females (42.5%), for a gender ratio of 738 females per thousand males.[10]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2011 Village Panchayat Code for Koregaon Bhima = 188591, "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Village Panchayat Names of Shirur, Pune, Maharashtra". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b c 2011 Census Village code for Koregaon Bhima = 555672, "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: List of Census Villages mapped for: Koregaon Bhima Gram Panchayat, Shirur, Pune, Maharashtra". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. 
  3. ^ 2001 Census Village code for Koregaon Bhima = 03050100, "2001 Census of India: List of Villages by Tehsil: Maharashtra" (PDF). Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. p. 592. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2011. 
  4. ^ Poona India, Sheet NE 43-06 (topographic map, scale 1:250,000), Series U-502, United States Army Map Service, May 1960 
  5. ^ Reginald George Burton (2008). Wellington's Campaigns in India. Lancer. pp. 164–165. ISBN 978-0-9796174-6-1. 
  6. ^ Tony Jaques (2007). Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: F-O. Greenwood. p. 542. ISBN 978-0-313-33538-9. 
  7. ^ Kumbhojkar, Shraddha (2012). "Contesting Power, Contesting Memories - The History of the Koregaon Memorial". The Economic and Political Weekly. Retrieved 2012-10-19. (subscription required)
  8. ^ "Clash over battle of Koregaon leaves one dead near Pune". The Indian Express. 2018-01-02. Retrieved 2018-01-02. 
  9. ^ Shoumojit Banerjee (2 January 2018). "Protests spread in Maharashtra post clashes during bicentenary celebrations of Koregaon Bhima battle". The Hindu. 
  10. ^ "Census 2001 Population Finder: Maharashtra: Pune: Shirur: Koregaon Bhima". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original on 11 May 2013. 

External links[edit]