Kori Nuclear Power Plant

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Kori Nuclear Power Plant
Kori 04790180 (8505820845).jpg
Kori Nuclear Power Plant, Reactors Kori 1, Kori 2, Kori 3, Kori 4 from right to left.
Kori Nuclear Power Plant is located in South Korea
Kori Nuclear Power Plant
Location of Kori Nuclear Power Plant
Official name 고리원자력발전소
Country South Korea
Location Gori, Busan
Coordinates 35°19′12″N 129°17′24″E / 35.319904°N 129.290053°E / 35.319904; 129.290053Coordinates: 35°19′12″N 129°17′24″E / 35.319904°N 129.290053°E / 35.319904; 129.290053
Status Operational
Construction began Unit 1: August 1, 1972
Unit 2: December 23, 1977
Unit 3: October 1, 1979
Unit 4: April 1, 1980
Unit 5: June 16, 2006
Unit 6: June 5, 2007
Unit 7: October 16, 2008
Unit 8: August 19, 2009
Commission date Unit 1: April 29, 1978
Unit 2: July 25, 1983
Unit 3: September 30, 1985
Unit 4: April 29, 1986
Unit 5: February 28, 2011
Unit 6: July 20, 2012
Unit 7: December 20, 2016
Decommission date Unit 1: June 18, 2017
Owner(s) Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power
Operator(s) Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power
Nuclear power station
Reactor type PWR
Reactor supplier Westinghouse
KEPCO E&C
Cooling source Sea of Japan
(East sea of Korea)
Power generation
Units operational 1 × 640 MW
1 × 1011 MW
1 × 1012 MW
2 × 997 MW
1 × 1383 MW
Make and model 3 × WH-F
2 × OPR-1000
1 × APR-1400
Units under const. 1 × 1340 MW APR-1400
Units planned 2 × 1340 MW APR-1400
Units decommissioned 1 × 576 MW WH-60
Thermal capacity 1 × 1882 MWth
2 × 2912 MWth
2 × 2825 MWth
1 × 3983 MWth
Nameplate capacity 6040 MW
Capacity factor 74.45%
(includes Units 1 & 7)
Annual net output 43,148 GW·h (2016)
(includes Units 1 & 7)

The Kori Nuclear Power Plant (Korean: 고리원자력발전소, Hanja: 古里原子力發電所) is a South Korean nuclear power plant located in Kori, a suburban village in Busan. It is owned and operated by Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power, a subsidiary of KEPCO. The first reactor began commercial operation in 1978.

An expansion of the plant begun in 2006 added four new Korean-sourced reactors, the so-called Shin Kori reactors. The first pair of Shin Kori reactors are of the OPR-1000 design, while the second two are the APR-1400 design. By November 2010 the first was online and the rest undergoing trials or construction. As of December 2016 approval of operation of reactor 4 is expected in the first half of 2017.[1] Two further APR-1400 reactors, known as Shin Kori 5 and Shin Kori 6, are in planning. However, the three main opposition parties for the 2017 special presidential election have pledged to stop construction on these two reactors, putting their future in doubt.[2]

Reactors[edit]

As of February 2017 all reactors on site are pressurized water reactors.

Name Capacity
(net)
Design First criticality Commercial start NSSS Turbine generator A-E Construction
Phase I
Kori-1 576 MW WH-60 06/1977 04/1978 Westinghouse GEC Turbines (Rugby) Gilbert Westinghouse
Kori-2 640 MW WH-F 04/1983 07/1983 Westinghouse GEC Turbines (Rugby) Gilbert Westinghouse
Kori-3 1011 MW WH-F 01/1985 09/1985 Westinghouse GEC Turbines (Rugby) Bechtel Hyundai
Kori-4 1012 MW WH-F 10/1985 04/1986 Westinghouse GEC Turbines (Rugby) Bechtel Hyundai
Phase II
Shin Kori-1 997 MW OPR-1000 06/2010 02/2011 KHNP/KEPCO Doosan KOPEC Hyundai
Shin Kori-2 997 MW OPR-1000 12/2011 07/2012 KHNP/KEPCO Doosan KOPEC Hyundai
Shin Kori-3 1383 MW APR-1400 12/2015 12/2016[1] KHNP/KEPCO Doosan KOPEC Hyundai
Shin Kori-4 1340 MW APR-1400 2018/09 (expected)[3] KHNP/KEPCO Doosan KOPEC Hyundai
Shin Kori-5 1340 MW APR-1400 Unknown[3] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown
Shin Kori-6 1340 MW APR-1400 Unknown[3] Unknown Unknown Unknown Unknown

Kori 1 was shutdown in June 2017 in advance of decommissioning beginning in 2022 after its spent nuclear fuel is removed.[4]

Incidents[edit]

On February 9, 2012, during a refueling outage, loss of off-site power (LOOP) occurred and emergency diesel generator (EDG) 'B' failed to start while EDG 'A' was out of service for scheduled maintenance, resulting in a station blackout (SBO). Off-site power was restored 12 minutes after the SBO condition began. The LOOP was caused by a human error during a protective relay test of the main generator. The EDG 'B' failing to start was caused by the failure of the EDG air start system. Further investigation revealed that the utility did not exercise proper control of electrical distribution configuration to ensure the availability of the Station Auxiliary Transformer (SAT) while conducting test on the Unit Auxiliary Transformer (UAT). After restoring off-site power through the SAT, the operators eventually recovered shutdown cooling by restoring power to a residual heat removal pump. During the loss of shutdown cooling for 19 minutes, the reactor coolant maximum temperature in the hot leg increased from 37℃ to 58.3℃ (approximately 21.3℃ rise), and the spent fuel pool temperature slightly increased from 21℃ to 21.5℃. There was no adverse effect on the plant safety as a result of this event, no radiation exposure to the workers, and no release of radioactive materials to the environment. However, inconsistent with the requirements, the licensee did not report the SBO event to the regulatory body in a timely manner and did not declare the "alert" status of the event in accordance with the plant emergency plan. The licensee reported this event to the regulatory body about a month after the event had occurred.[5]

On 2 October 2012 at 8:10 a.m. Shingori 1 was shut down after a warning signal indicated a malfunction in the control rod system. An investigation is currently underway to verify the exact cause of the problem.[6]

In June 2013 Kori 2 was shutdown, and Kori 1 ordered to remain offline, until safety-related control cabling with forged safety certificates is replaced.[7] Control cabling installed in the APR-1400s under construction failed flame and other tests, so need to be replaced delaying construction by up to a year.[8]

In October 2013 cable installed in Shin Kori 3 failed safety tests, including flame tests. Replacement with U.S. manufactured cable has delayed the startup of the plant,[8][9] which eventually entered commercial operation 3 years late.[1]

Appearances[edit]

In the recently released movie Pandora, the Kori Nuclear Power Plant is a main scene in the movie. The movie touches on the dangers of nuclear energy in South Korea, and if it were to go wrong.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "First Korean APR-1400 enters commercial operation". World Nuclear News. 20 December 2016. Retrieved 23 December 2016. 
  2. ^ "Opposition presidential candidates pledge cooperation on restoring four major rivers". Retrieved 2017-04-24. 
  3. ^ a b c "Commissioning of second Korean APR1400 postponed". World Nuclear News. 10 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  4. ^ "Korea to decommission its oldest reactor". Nuclear Engineering International. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 21 July 2017. 
  5. ^ "Loss of shutdown cooling due to station blackout during refueling outage". IAEA. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 6 November 2012. 
  6. ^ Yonhap News (2 October 2012) Nuclear reactor halts operation due to malfunction
  7. ^ "New component issues idle Korean reactors". World Nuclear News. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Recabling delays Shin Kori start ups". World Nuclear News. 18 October 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  9. ^ "Shin-Kori 3 receives replacement cables". Nuclear Engineering International. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 

External links[edit]