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Kormos or Kormoz (Turkish: Körmöz or Körmös) can refer to ghosts or demons in Turkish mythology. "Kormos" means in Turkic languages "does not see" or "blind." "Blind" is also understood of as "mentally ill". Among Siberia Turkic mythology, Kormos is a devilish entity, living in the underworld. Since the souls after death turn into Kormos, they are associated with ancestral spirits[1] These have different names: Yor, Alban, Cahık, Ozor, and more.[2] The good souls protect their families and are under Ülgens command. The evil souls, who commonly dwell in the underworld, are controlled by Erlik. A third type of ghosts are those who are neither good nor evil, but simply suffering in a pathetic state.[3]

Demonic Kormos, also called "Sokor Körmös" (blind angel),[4] are the servants sent by Erlik to harm people. If they success, they try to pull them down into the underworld. However, if good outweighs the evil in this soul, the soul can escape the Kormos and ascend to heaven.[5] The idea of Kormos as an evil angel, may be influenced by the Islamic idea of fallen angels.[6]

Kurmez Khan[edit]

Kurmez Khan or Hurmuz (Hürmüz) is the king of Kormos. In Sogdian religion, Xurmuzt or Hürmüz was the name used in place of Ahura Mazda.[7] Via contacts with Turkic peoples like the Uyghurs, this Sogdian name came to the Mongols, who still name this deity Qormusta Tengri.[8] It has also become synonymous with the old Turkic god Kürmez Han (Kormos Han).



  • Sims-Williams, Nicholas (192), Sogdian and other Iranian inscriptions of the Upper Indus, University of Michigan, ISBN 978-0-7286-0194-9
  • Frye, Richard Nelson (1996), The heritage of Central Asia from antiquity to the Turkish expansion, Markus Wiener Publishers, ISBN 978-1-55876-111-7

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