Koro language (India)

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Koro
Native to India
Region Arunachal Pradesh, India
Native speakers
1,500  (2010)[1]
Possibly Tibeto-Burman
Language codes
ISO 639-3 jkr
Glottolog koro1316[2]

Koro is a possibly Tibeto-Burman language spoken by approximately 800–1,200 people in the East Kameng district at the western end of Arunachal Pradesh, India. Few speakers are under 20 years old.[3] The people live among the Aka (Hruso), but their language is only distantly related, with distinct words for numerals, body parts, and other basic vocabulary.[3][4] Although it has resemblances to Tani farther to the east, it appears to be at least a separate branch of Tibeto-Burman.[5] Researchers hypothesize it may have originated from a group of people enslaved and brought to the area.[4]

Identification[edit]

Recognition in the academic literature of Koro as a distinct language goes back at least to the 2009 edition of the Ethnologue (Lewis 2009), which based its findings on a language survey conducted in 2005. It notes that Koro has only 9 percent lexical similarity with Hruso Aka, and that it is "highly dissimilar to neighboring languages".[6]

In October 2010, the National Geographic Daily News published an article corroborating the findings of the Ethnologue based on research conducted in 2008 by a linguistic team of David Harrison, Gregory Anderson, and Ganesh Murmu while documenting two Hruso languages (Aka and Miji) as part of National Geographic's "Enduring Voices" project.[3] It was reported to them as a dialect of Aka, but turned out to be highly divergent.

Post & Roger Blench (2011)[7] propose that it is related to Milang in a branch, or perhaps independent family, they call Siangic.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Koro at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Koro". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ a b c Morrison, Dan "'Hidden' Language Found in Remote Indian Tribe". National Geographic Daily News, October 5, 2010, Retrieved on October 5, 2010
  4. ^ a b Schmid, Randolph E. "Undocumented language found hidden in India". Associated Press. 5 October 2010
  5. ^ "In Search for 'Last Speakers', a Great Discovery". National Public Radio. October 5, 2010. Retrieved October 6, 2010.  (Some sound files)
  6. ^ Lewis, M. Paul (ed.), 2009. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, TX: SIL International, "Hruso".[1]
  7. ^ Post, Mark W. and Roger Blench (2011). "Siangic: A new language phylum in North East India", 6th International Conference of the North East India Linguistics Society, Tezpur University, Assam, India, Jan 31 – Feb 2.

External links[edit]