Koror

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Flag of Koror
Palau boatyard on Malakal Island, August 1973
Typical weather scene in Koror
WCTC Shopping Centre

Koror is the state comprising the main commercial centre of the Republic of Palau. It consists of several islands, the most prominent being Koror Island (also Oreor Island).

The state of Koror (population 14,000 as of 2004) contains about 70% of the population of the country. The nation's former capital and largest town, also called Koror, is located here. The town has a population of 11,200 and is located at 7°21′38″N 134°28′45″E / 7.36056°N 134.47917°E / 7.36056; 134.47917Coordinates: 7°21′38″N 134°28′45″E / 7.36056°N 134.47917°E / 7.36056; 134.47917.[1] On 7 October 2006, Ngerulmud replaced Koror as Palau's capital city.

Overview[edit]

The island of Koror is connected by bridges to three neighbouring islands:

Koror Island is also connected by the Koror–Babeldaob Bridge to the state of Airai in the island of Babeldaob, where Palau International Airport is located.

Besides the former capital Koror and the town of Meyuns, there are a total of 11 hamlets in the state of Koror:

  • Ngermid
  • Ngerkeseuaol
  • Ngerchemai
  • Iyebukel
  • Idid
  • Meketii
  • Dngeronger
  • Ikelau
  • Medalaii
  • Ngerbeched
  • Ngerkebesang

Koror was the capital of the former Japanese mandated territory of Nanyo.

Tourism[edit]

Much of Palau's economy comes from tourism. The Rock Islands of Palau are all located in the state. Scuba diving shops and facilities are located all over Koror. Accommodation like hotels, bars, restaurants, cafes, and resorts are all available. Dolphins Pacific, the world's largest dolphin research facility, is open for tourists who are interested in swimming and interacting with trained dolphins.[2] Most tourists to Palau stay in Koror, which is the centre for Palau's resort services and house modern conveniences. Koror has businesses that cater to speakers of many languages.[3]

By 2001, the Koror Jail, Palau's only correctional facility, has become a tourist destination thanks to inmates who create and sell elaborate wooden storyboards at a retail facility located on the jail's grounds.[4]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Koror (1981−2010 normals, extremes 1951−present)[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34
(93)
34
(93)
34
(94)
34
(94)
34
(94)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(94)
33
(92)
34
(93)
34
(93)
34
(94)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) 30.3
(86.5)
30.2
(86.4)
30.6
(87.1)
31
(87.8)
30.9
(87.7)
30.4
(86.8)
30.1
(86.1)
30
(86.0)
30.3
(86.5)
30.6
(87.0)
31
(87.8)
30.7
(87.2)
30.5
(86.9)
Average low °C (°F) 24.6
(76.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.6
(76.3)
24.9
(76.9)
25
(77.0)
24.7
(76.4)
24.7
(76.4)
25
(77.0)
25
(77.0)
25.1
(77.1)
25
(77.0)
24.8
(76.7)
24.8
(76.7)
Record low °C (°F) 21
(69)
22
(71)
21
(69)
21
(69)
22
(71)
22
(71)
21
(70)
21
(70)
21
(70)
22
(71)
21
(70)
22
(71)
21
(69)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 281.7
(11.09)
242.3
(9.54)
210.1
(8.27)
208
(8.19)
318
(12.52)
457.5
(18.01)
460.2
(18.12)
353.6
(13.92)
307.1
(12.09)
306.3
(12.06)
302.3
(11.90)
303
(11.93)
3,750.1
(147.64)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.25 mm) 23.2 19.6 20.0 18.7 23.3 25.1 24.1 20.4 19.9 21.6 22.9 24.6 263.4
Average relative humidity (%) 84.3 83.7 83.8 83.3 85.4 86.2 85.3 84.9 83.7 84.8 85.1 85.0 84.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 199.8 194.5 244.0 234.2 212.3 168.9 186.9 176.8 197.2 179.5 183.3 183.1 2,360.5
Percent possible sunshine 55 58 65 63 55 45 48 46 54 48 52 50 53
Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961−1990)[5][6][7]

Demographics[edit]

In 2002, of the 17,000 people living in Palau, 68% lived in Koror.[3]

Economy[edit]

Belau Air has its headquarters in Koror,[8] as did the short-lived Pacific Flier in 2010.[9]

History[edit]

First sighting of Koror, Babeldaob, and Peleliu recorded by Westerners was by the Spanish expedition of Ruy López de Villalobos at the end of January of 1543. They were then charted as Los Arrecifes (The Reefs in Spanish).[10] In November and December of 1710 these three islands were again visited and explored by the Spanish missionary expedition commanded by Sargento Mayor Francisco Padilla on board of the patache Santísima Trinidad. Two years later they were explored in detail by the expedition of Spanish naval officer Bernardo de Egoy.[11]

Notable residents[edit]

Sister city[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ To access the data. Click on NOWdata, then choose "View Map" under location then choose "Show more stations", select Koror WSO and choose Daily/monthly normal and monthly summarized data for normals and extremes

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/cntry_files.html
  2. ^ "Dolphins Pacific". 2008-08-22. Retrieved 2008-11-26. 
  3. ^ a b "Palau General Information Provided by the Palau Environmental Quality Protection Board for the 21st Annual Pacific Islands Environment Conference." U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved on October 7, 2010.
  4. ^ David Leonard and David Pickell (2001). Diving the Pacific: Volume 1: Micronesia and the Western Pacific Islands. Tuttle Publishing. p. 89. ISBN 962-593-499-5. 
  5. ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  6. ^ "PW Koror WSO". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "WMO climate normals for Koror/W Caroline Islands, PI 1961−1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  8. ^ "About Belau Air". Belau Air. Retrieved on July 6, 2010.
  9. ^ "Regional Offices". Pacific Flier. Retrieved on July 6, 2010. Archived March 4, 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  10. ^ Burney, James A chronological history of the discoveries in the South Sea or Pacific Ocean, London, 1813, v.I, p.233.
  11. ^ Coello, Francisco "Conflicto hispano-alemán" Boletín de Sociedad Geográfica de Madrid, t.XIX. 2º semestre 1885, Madrid, p.296.

External links[edit]

Media related to Koror at Wikimedia Commons
Koror travel guide from Wikivoyage