Korouni dialect

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Korouni
کرونی
Native to Iran
Official status
Regulated by Academy of Persian Language and Literature
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Korouni (Kurdish: کرونی‎), is a Southern Kurdish dialect of Fars and Kurdistan.[1] Koruni is a Kurdish tribe of Kurdistan and Fars. Most of the tribe was transplanted from Kurdistan to Fars by Karim Khan Zand during the 1760s.[2]

The speakers of Korouni live in scattered pockets in Southern Iranian Fars province around Shiraz, Sepidan and Kazerun. The succeeding information is about the dialect spoken around the latter two cities.[3]

Phonology[edit]

The transcription used here is only an approximation:

Vowels[edit]

  • short: â, a, e, i, o, u
  • long: ā, ē, ō

Consonants[edit]

  • fricative: ð, like in, 'peðar' (father).
  • voiced velar fricative: γ, like in 'tiγ' (thorn).
  • alveolar trill: like in 'borra' (flail).
  • palatal: 'g' and 'k', like in 'gilas' (cherry) and 'goruk' (hank of yarn) for 'k'.

Grammar[edit]

Verbs[edit]

  • Infinitive markers: -ân, -in, -en

Nouns[edit]

  • The suffix "-aka" makes nouns definite. Examples:

čerâγ (lamp) → čerâγ-aka (the lamp)

  • The indefinite marker is "i". Example:

melâl (child) → melâl-i (a child)

  • The plural is marked by the suffix "-al" . Examples:

sif (apple) → sif-al-aka (the apples)
orsi (shoe) → orsi-y-al-aka (the shoes) ('y' is used if noun ends in vowel)

Vocabulary[edit]

Example sentences[edit]

English Korouni Kurdish Persian
What is this? ye čey-ka? ئه‌مه‌ چییه‌؟ eme çîye? این چیست؟ In cist?
Where is Ali? ali kura čiya? عه‌لی له‌ کوێیه‌؟ Elî le kwêye? علی کجاست؟ Ali kojâst?
This horse is white. i asp-aka čarma-ga. ئه‌م ئه‌سپه‌ سپییه‌Em espe spîye. .این اسب سفید است In asb sefid ast.
They say he works ten hours a day. eyž-en ruz-i dā sât kâr ak-a. ده‌ڵێن ئه‌و ده‌ کاژێر کار ده‌کات Dellên ew de kajêr kar dekat. .میگویند روزی ده ساعت کار میکند Miguyand ruzi dah sâat kâr mikonad.
I have two small brothers and sisters. do kakâ va do xuyišk-e biče der-em. من دوو برا و خوشکی بچووکم هه‌یه‌ Min dû bira û xuşkî biçûkim heye. .دو برادر و خواهر کوچک دارم Man do barâdar va xâhare kucak dâram.
If you will go just once to their village, you won't forget the hospitality of its people. aga yey dāfa bečitân a ow diyaka meyvân-i kiyâ le yâdetân nâče. eger yek car biroyt bo dêkeyan, mîwandarî xallkeket le bîr naçêt. .اگر تنها یکبار به ده آنها رفته باشی، مهمان‌نوازی مردم آنجا را هرگز از یاد نخواهی برد
Who called me? ki bi me-ni čerri? کێ منی بانگ کرد kê minî bang kird? چه کسی مرا صدا زد؟ Cekasi marâ sedâ zad?

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Kuruni in Iranica
  2. ^ [2] Kuruni in Iranica
  3. ^ Salami, A., 1385 AP / 2006 AD. Ganjineye guyeššenâsiye Fârs (The treasury of the dialectology of Fars). Third Volume, The academy of Persian language and literature. [3] ISBN 964-7531-54-0 (in Persian)