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Kortatu at a concert. Muguruza brothers Fermin (left) and Iñigo (right).
|Origin||Irún, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain|
|Genres||Punk rock, Ska, Ska-punk|
|Past members||Fermin Muguruza|
Kortatu was born in the context of the first democracy years in Spain in 1984. They had a big significance for left-wing basque nationalism (which rejected the new constitutional project) as precursors of a new wave of music: Basque Radical Rock (Rock Radikal Vasco or RRV in Spanish). They reached a huge degree of influence in Basque and Spanish punk, as other bands like La Polla Records, Cicatriz and Eskorbuto became famous in the 80's underground scene. It was a very popular band in Basque Country, and also in the rest of Spain.
Although labeled from the beginning as a radical Basque rock, Kortatu tried to fight against any classification, even if political links with Herri Batasuna were evident. They also faced some censorship problems, especially when they tried to add a picture of Spanish monarch Juan Carlos I depicted as a robot. In the five year life span of the band they moved from ska to punk and even hip hop, eventually disbanding the formation after seeing Public Enemy in Paris and creating a bigger project, Negu Gorriak. Although their lyrics also evolved from "party-ska" to "combat-rock" (in their last record all the songs were sung in Basque), their style along the lines of social and political protest stayed intact.
Demos and Tours
They recorded a demo which included their first three songs in 1985. In the same year, they included those songs in the landmark album known as "Four's Album", because of the sharing with other three new bands: Cicatriz, Jotakie and Kontuz-Hi.
That year they toured first time around all the Basque Country, and also played in Madrid and Barcelona. In May 31, played in Martutene Prison (Donostia) with Barricada. Some months later, Joseba Sarrionandia, a recognized writer and poet who was imprisoned because of his ETA membership, escaped with another prisoner, Iñaki Pikabea, inside a loudspeaker, after a gig by Imanol. Kortatu and Barricada were accused of preparing the escapes, and they were banned in any prison to play, but nothing was proved. After that they wrote their best-known song, Sarri Sarri, about the escape of Sarrionandia. In fact, it was a cover, including new lyrics, of Toots & the Maytals´ Chatty Chatty.
The book "El estado de las cosas de Kortatu: lucha, fiesta y guerra sucia" (Lengua de Trapo, 2013), traduced as "The current state of Kortatu-related things: fight, party and dirty war" was published in December 2013, written by Roberto Herreros and Isidro Lopez. This work offers an analysis of the historical context in which the radical basque rock was developed.
- Fermin Muguruza: Guitar and vocals
- Íñigo Muguruza: Bass
- Treku Armendariz: drums
- Kaki Arkarazo: Guitar (From 1988)
- (No title) (Soñua, 1985) together with Cicatriz, Jotakie and Kontuz-Hi!. Reedited on CD by Oihuka in 2000.
- Kortatu (Soñua, 1985).
- A la calle (Maxi single featuring 3 themes) (Soñua, 1986).
- El estado de las cosas (Soñua, 1986).
- A Front Line Compilation (best of) (Red Rhino-Organik, 1988). Reedited on CD by Oihuka in 1998.
- Kolpez kolpe (Oihuka, 1988). Reedited on CD by Esan-Ozenki in 1998.
- Azken guda dantza (live, double album) (Nola!, 1988).
Some CD reeditions included bonus tracks and/or modifications:
- In the CD reedition of Kortatu (Oihuka, 1998), two songs were included: Mierda de Ciudad y El último SKA de Manolo Rastamán.
- In the CD reedition of El estado de las cosas (Oihuka, 1998), all three songs from the A la calle Maxi single were included.
- In the CD reedition of Azken guda dantza (Esan-Ozenki, 1992), the censorship beeps are removed from the "Aizkolari" song.