Kosiv

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Kosiv
Косiв
Kosów
City
A street view in Kosiv.
A street view in Kosiv.
Flag of KosivКосiвKosów
Flag
Official seal of KosivКосiвKosów
Seal
KosivКосiвKosów is located in Ukraine
KosivКосiвKosów
Kosiv
Косiв
Kosów
Location of Kosiv in Ukraine
Coordinates: 48°18′54″N 25°05′43″E / 48.31500°N 25.09528°E / 48.31500; 25.09528Coordinates: 48°18′54″N 25°05′43″E / 48.31500°N 25.09528°E / 48.31500; 25.09528
Country  Ukraine
Oblast (province) Ivano-Frankivsk
Raion (district) Kosivsky Raion
Population (2016)
 • Total 8,634[1]
Website http://misto.kosiv.net/

Kosiv (Ukrainian: Косiв) is a city located in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast, in western Ukraine. It is the administrative center of Kosiv Raion (district). Population: 8,634 (2016 est.)[2].

Names[edit]

Ukrainian: Косiв, German: Kossow,[3] Polish: Kosów, Romanian: Cosău, Yiddish: קאסאוו‎. From 1934 to 1939, the town, which at that time was part of the Second Polish Republic, was officially called Kosów Huculski.

History[edit]

Kosiv City Hall
Kosiv main square

Initially a small Hutsul settlement with a remnants of a small castle destroyed by the Turks. It was founded at Rybnica River. The first written mention of it is in the Grant Charter of Lithuanian Duke Svitrigaila, on September 31, 1424. At that time, the village was in the territory of what is today Old Kosiv. In 1565, near the slattern, not far from modern-day Kosiv, Starosta of Sniatyn, Tenczynski founded a town named Rukiv (Polish: Rukow). Polish Crown Hetman Jerzy Jazlowiecki, the owner of Kuty, later destroyed it. Some years later, the town was recovered and named Kosiv (the earlier village of this name thus became Old Kosiv). Until 1772, Kosiv/Kosow was under Polish control. As a result of the first of Partitions of Poland (Treaty of St-Petersburg dated 5 July 1772), Kosiv was attributed to the Habsburg Empire, as part of Austrian Galicia.

Under Austrian Galicia province, the name was KOSSOW

Since 1867, Kosiv was the administrative center of the Kossow Bezirkshauptmannschaft (Austrian name of the district). In 1919, after the Great War the area returned to Poland and was turned into a powiat seat within the Stanisławów Voivodship. In the Second Polish Republic, Kosow emerged as one of the most popular spas. The Kosow spa was founded in 1891 by doctor Apolinary Tarnowski. Here, in 1911, one of the first units of the Polish Scouting and Guiding Association was created by Kazimierz and Witold Lutoslawski, and Olga Drohnowska. Kosow Huculski, as it was called, attracted top names of the interbellum Poland. The spa was visited, among others, by Roman Dmowski, Ignacy Daszynski, Wojciech Korfanty, Gabriela Zapolska, Juliusz Osterwa, Maria Dabrowska, Melchior Wankowicz, Xawery Dunikowski, Karol Adwentowicz, Leon Schiller, Stanisław Dygat, Jozef Pankiewicz, Lucjan Rydel.

In 1939, Kosow Huculski became part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) as a result of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the Invasion of Poland. Here, in September 1939, the government of Poland crossed the Romanian border. Despite this pact, Kosiv was occupied by Nazi Germany from July 1, 1941 until April 2, 1944. After that time it was, again, a member of the Soviet Union, until the independence of Ukraine. In September and November 1942, the Nazis transported the Jews of the town to Extermination camp Belzec.[4]

Location[edit]

Local orientation
Regional orientation

Today, the town of Kosiv borders on the towns and villages of Babyn, Horod, Smodna, Cherhanivka, Staryi Kosiv, Verbovets and Pistyn. The distance from the railroad station in Vizhnytsa is 12 kilometers, from Zabolotiv is 25 kilometers and from Kolomya — 35 kilometers. Roads with all neighbouring districts connect the city. The total length of roads is 362 kilometers. 160 kilometers of these roads are paved.

People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]