Kosmos 1223

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Kosmos 1223
Mission type Early warning
COSPAR ID 1980-095A
SATCAT no. 12078
Mission duration 4 years [1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft type US-K [2]
Launch mass 1,900 kilograms (4,200 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 27 November 1980, 21:37 (1980-11-27UTC21:37Z) UTC
Rocket Molniya-M/2BL[2]
Launch site Plesetsk Cosmodrome[2][3]
End of mission
Deactivated 11 August 1982[1]
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Molniya [2]
Perigee 663 kilometres (412 mi)[4]
Apogee 39,697 kilometres (24,667 mi)[4]
Inclination 62.9 degrees[4]
Period 717.90 minutes[4]

Kosmos 1223 (Russian: Космос 1223 meaning Cosmos 1223) was a Soviet US-K missile early warning satellite which was launched in 1980 as part of the Soviet military's Oko programme. The satellite was designed to identify missile launches using optical telescopes and infrared sensors.[2]

Kosmos 1223 was launched from Site 41/1 at Plesetsk Cosmodrome in the Russian SSR.[3] A Molniya-M carrier rocket with a 2BL upper stage was used to perform the launch, which took place at 21:37 UTC on 27 November 1980.[3] The launch successfully placed the satellite into a molniya orbit. It subsequently received its Kosmos designation, and the international designator 1980-095A.[4] The United States Space Command assigned it the Satellite Catalog Number 12078.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Podvig, Pavel (2002). "History and the Current Status of the Russian Early-Warning System" (PDF). Science and Global Security. 10: 21–60. ISSN 0892-9882. doi:10.1080/08929880212328. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2012-03-15. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "US-K (73D6)". Gunter's Space Page. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-21. 
  3. ^ a b c McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 2 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 

See also[edit]